Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Doing gender beside or in music: Significance of context and discourse in close relationship in the Swedish music classroom

  • Carina Borgström Källén (a1) and Monica Lindgren (a1)
Abstract

This article explores the significance of context and discourse from a gender perspective within three different studies of the Swedish music classroom, conducted in lower secondary school, upper secondary school and higher music education respectively. The theoretical point of departure is that gender performances as well as the music classroom are discursively constructed within a specific context. The result suggests that if discourse and context are directed towards music as identity and skill, gender is performed in music, but if the music classroom is constructed as educational, gender is performed beside music. A conclusion is therefore that the impact of gender in the music classroom has to be understood as a matter of school discourse and school context in close relationship. It is argued that studying the interplay between context and discourse can be a way ahead for understanding the complexity in the relationship between music education and gender.

Copyright
References
Hide All
ABELES, H. (2009) Are musical instrument gender association changing? Journal of Research in Music Education, 57 (2), 127139.
ABRAMO, J. M. (2011) Gender differences of popular music production in secondary schools. Journal of Research in Music Education, 59 (1), 2143.
ANNFELT, T. (2003) Jazz as Masculine Space. Oslo: KILDEN Informasjonssenter for kjønnsforskning.
ARMSTRONG, V. (2011) Technology and the Gendering of Music Education. Farnham: Ashgate.
BJÖRCK, C. (2011) Claiming Space, Discourses on Gender, Popular Music and Social Change. Dissertation. University of Gothenburg.
BORGSTRÖM KÄLLÉN, C. (2014) När Musik Gör Skillnad – Genus och Genrepraktiker i Samspel [When Music Makes a Difference – Gender and Genre Practice in Interplay]. Dissertation. University of Gothenburg.
BORGSTRÖM KÄLLÉN, C. (2012) Utsikt från en minoritetsposition [View from a minority position]. In Olofsson, C. (Ed.), Musik och Genus, Röster om Normer, Hierarkier och Förändring [Music and Gender, Voices of Norms, Hierarchies and Change]. Gothenburg: Academy of Music and Drama, University of Gothenburg.
BOURDIEU, P. (1996) Homo Academicus. Eslöv: Stehag, B. Östling Symposion.
BOURDIEU, P. (1998) Practical Reason . On the Theory of Action. Cambridge: Polity Press.
BRESLER, L. (1998) The genre of school music and its shaping by meso, micro and macro contexts. Research Studies in Music Education, 11 (1), 218.
BUTLER, J. (1990/1999/2006) Gender Trouble. New York: Routledge.
CAUDWELL, J. (2010) The sport analogue: Passing notes on gender and sexuality. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 45, 240248.
CHANAN, M. (2000) The documentary chronotope. Jump Cut: A review of Contemporary Media, 43, 5661.
CONNELL, R. (2000) The Men and the Boys. Cambridge: Polity Press.
CONNELL, R. (2005) Hegemonic masculinity: Rethinking the concept. Gender & Society, 19 (6), 829859.
CONNELL, R. (2009) Short Introductions: Gender. Cambridge: Polity Press.
DIBBEN, N. (2002) Gender, identity and music. In Hargreaves, D. J., MacDonald, R. & Miell, D. (Eds.), Musical Identities (pp. 117133). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
ERICSSON, C. & LINDGREN, M. (2011) The conditions for the establishment of an ideological dilemma: Antagonistic discourses and over-determined identity in school music teaching. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 32 (5), 713728.
FABBRI, F. (1982) A theory of musical genres: Two applications. In Horn, D. & Tagg, P. (Eds.), Popular Music Perspectives (pp. 5281). Papers from the First International Conference on Popular Music Research, Amsterdam, June 1981. Göteborg, Exeter: International Association for the Study of Popular Music.
FOLKESTAD, G. (1996) Computer Based Creative Music Making. Young people's Music in the Digital Age. Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.
FOLKESTAD, G. (2006) Formal and informal situations or practices vs. formal and informal ways of learning. British Journal of Music Education, 23 (2), 135145.
FOUCAULT, M. (1971/1993) Diskursens Ordning [L'Ordre du Discours /The Order of Discourse]. Stockholm/Stehag: Brutus Östlings förlag Symposion.
FOUCAULT, M. (1969/2002) Vetandets Arkeologi [The Archaeology of Knowledge]. Lund: Arkiv förlag.
FOUCAULT, M. (1974/2003) Övervakning och Straff [Discipline and Punish]. Lund: Arkiv förlag.
FREER, P. K. (2010) Two decades of research on possible selves and the missing males problem in choral music. International Journal of Music Education, 28 (17), 1730.
GREEN, L. (1997) Music, Gender and Education. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
GREEN, L. (2002) How Popular Musicians Learn. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.
GREEN, L. (2006) Popular music education in and for itself, and for ‘other’ music: current research in the classroom. International Journal of Music Education, 24 (2), 101–18.
GREEN, L. (2008) Music, Informal Learning and the School: A New Classroom Pedagogy. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
GREEN, L. (2012) Music education and some of its subfields: Thoughts about future priorities. In McPherson, G. E. & Welch, G. F. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Music Education (Vol. 1) (pp. 613620). New York: Oxford University Press.
GULLBERG, A.–K. & BRÄNDSTRÖM, S. (2004) Formal and non-formal music learning amongst rock musicians. In Davidson, J. (Ed.), The Music Practitioner: Research for the Music Performer, Teacher and Listener (pp. 161174). Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.
HAMMERSLEY, M. (2006) Ethnography: Problems and prospects. Ethnography and Education, 1 (1), 314.
HARRISON, A. C & O'NEILL, S. A. (2000) Children's gender-typed preferences for musical instruments: An intervention study. Psychology of Music, 28 (1), 8197.
HARRISON, S. D. (2007) A perennial problem in gendered participation in music: What's happening to the boys? British Journal of Education, 24 (3), 267280.
JOHANSSON, K. G. (2003) Can You Hear What They're Playing? A Study of Strategies Among Ear Players in Rock Music. Piteå: Musikhögskolan i Piteå.
JOHANSSON, M. (2013) The gendered fiddle: On the relationship between expressive coding and artistic identity in Norwegian folk. International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music, 44 (2), 361384.
JORGENSEN, E. (2003) Transforming Music Education. Bloomington: IUP.
KELLY, S. N. & VAN WEELDEN, K. (2014) Gender associations with world music instruments by secondary school music students from the USA. International Journal of Music Education, 32 (4), 478486.
KVARNHALL, V. (2015) Pojkars Musik, Reproduktionens Tystnad. En Explanatorisk Studie av Pojkars Reproducerande Förhållningssätt till Populärmusik och Populärmusicerande [Boys’ Music, the Reproduction of Silence. An Explanatory Study of Boys’ Reproduction of Popular Music and Popular Music Making]. Örebro: Örebro University.
LAMB, R., DOLLOFF, L.–A. & WIELAND HOWE, S. (2002) Feminism, feminist research, and gender research in music education: A selective review. In Cowell, R. & Richardson, C. (Eds.), The New Handbook of Research on Music Teaching and Learning (pp. 648674) New York: Oxford University Press.
LEONARD, M. (2007) Gender in the Music Industry: Rock, Discourse and Girl Power. Surrey: Ashgate.
LINDGREN, M. & ERICSSON, C. (2010) The rock band context as discursive governance in music education in Swedish schools. Action, Criticism & Theory for Music Education, 9 (3), 3554.
McKEAGE, K, (2004) Gender and participation in high school and college instrumental jazz ensembles. Journal of Research in Music Education, 52 (4), 343356.
McQUILLAN, M. (2000) Deconstruction, A Reader. Edinburgh; University Press.
OLOFSSON, C. (Ed.) (2012) Musik och Genus, Röster om Normer, Hierarkier och Förändring [Music and Gender, Voices of Norms, Hierarchies and Change]. Academy of Music and Drama, University of Gothenburg.
POTTER, J. (1996) Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction. London: Sage.
SAAR, T. (1999) Musikens Dimensioner – en Studie av Unga Musikers Lärande [The Dimensions of Music – a Study of Young Musicians’ Learning]. Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.
SAETHER, E. (2003) The Oral University. Attitudes to Music Teaching and Learning in the Gambia. Malmö: Malmö Academy of Music.
SKELTON, C., FRANCIS, B. & SMULYAN, L. (Eds.) (2006) The SAGE Handbook of Gender and Education. London: SAGE.
SKOLVERKET [The Swedish National Agency for Education] (2015) Musik i Grundskolan. En Nationell Ämnesutvärdering i Årskurs 6 och 9 [Music in Compulsory School. A National Subject Evaluation in Grade 6 and 9]. Stockholm: Skolverket.
SÖDERMAN, J. & FOLKESTAD, G. (2004) How hip-hop musicians learn: Strategies in informal creative music making. Music Education Research, 6 (3), 313326.
SONG, L. (2010) The Role of Context in Discourse Analysis. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 1 (6), 876879.
STÅLHAMMAR, B. (2004) Musiken – Deras Liv: Några Svenska och Engelska Ungdomars Musikerfarenheter och Musiksyn [Music is their Lives: Musical Experiences and Views of Swedish and English Youth]. Örebro: Örebro University Library.
WALFORD, G. (2009) For ethnography. Ethnography and Education, 4 (3), 271282.
WALKERDINE, V. (1990) Schoolgirl Fictions. London: Verso.
WALSER, R. (1993) Running with the Devil: Power, Gender, and Madness in Heavy Metal Music. Hanover: University Press of New England.
WESTERLUND, H. (2006) Garage rock bands: A future model for developing musical expertise? International Journal of Music Education, 24 (2), 119–25.
WHITELEY, S. (1997) Sexing the Groove – Popular Music and Gender. London; Routledge.
WYCH, G. M. F. (2012) Gender and instrument associations, stereotypes and stratification: A literature review. Research in Music Education, 30, 2231.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Music Education
  • ISSN: 0265-0517
  • EISSN: 1469-2104
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-music-education
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 29 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 140 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 4th March 2018 - 19th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.