Manolagas, SC & Jilka, RL (1995) Bone marrow, cytokines, and bone remodeling. Emerging insights into the pathophysiology of osteoporosis. N Engl J Med
Cooper, C, Campion, G & Melton, LJ 3rd (1992) Hip fractures in the elderly: a world-wide projection. Osteoporos Int
Gill, T, Martine, T, Laslett, L, et al. (2008) An Epidemiological Analysis of Osteoporosis among South Australian Adults. Adelaide: Population Research and Outcome Studies Unit, SA Health.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012) Australian Health Survey, 2011–2012. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Kanis, JA (1996) Testbook of Osteoporosis. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
Sahni, S, Mangano, KM, McLean, RR, et al. (2015) Dietary approaches for bone health: lessons from the Framingham Osteoporosis Study. Curr Osteoporos Rep
Wei, P, Liu, M, Chen, Y, et al. (2012) Systematic review of soy isoflavone supplements on osteoporosis in women. Asian Pac J Trop Med
Caroli, A, Poli, A, Ricotta, D, et al. (2011) Invited review: dairy intake and bone health: a viewpoint from the state of the art. J Dairy Sci
Skowronska-Jozwiak, E, Jaworski, M, Grzywa, A, et al. (2014) Influence of calcium intake on bone mineral density and incidence of fractures in treatment-naive women from Lodz urban area – a part of EPOLOS study. Ann Agric Environ Med
Mangano, KM, Sahni, S, Kerstetter, JE, et al. (2013) Polyunsaturated fatty acids and their relation with bone and muscle health in adults. Curr Osteoporos Rep
Messina, MJ (1999) Legumes and soybeans: overview of their nutritional profiles and health effects. Am J Clin Nutr
Newby, PK & Tucker, KL (2004) Empirically derived eating patterns using factor or cluster analysis: a review. Nutr Rev
Michels, KB & Schulze, MB (2005) Can dietary patterns help us detect diet–disease associations?
Nutr Res Rev
Lim, YS, Lee, SW, Tserendejid, Z, et al. (2015) Prevalence of osteoporosis according to nutrient and food group intake levels in Korean postmenopausal women: using the 2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data. Nutr Res Pract
Langsetmo, L, Poliquin, S, Hanley, DA, et al. (2010) Dietary patterns in Canadian men and women ages 25 and older: relationship to demographics, body mass index, and bone mineral density. BMC Musculoskelet Disord
McNaughton, SA, Wattanapenpaiboon, N, Wark, JD, et al. (2011) An energy-dense, nutrient-poor dietary pattern is inversely associated with bone health in women. J Nutr
van den Hooven, EH, Ambrosini, GL, Huang, R-C, et al. (2015) Identification of a dietary pattern prospectively associated with bone mass in Australian young adults. Am J Clin Nutr
Grant, JF, Taylor, AW, Ruffin, RE, et al. (2009) Cohort profile: The North West Adelaide Health Study (NWAHS). Int J Epidemiol
Grande, ED & Taylor, AW (2010) Sampling and coverage issues of telephone surveys used for collecting health information in Australia: results from a face-to-face survey from 1999 to 2008. BMC Med Res Methodol
Giles, GG & Ireland, PD (1996) Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies (Version 2). Melbourne: The Cancer Council Victoria.
Schoenaker, DAJM, Dobson, AJ, Soedamah-Muthu, SS, et al. (2013) Factor analysis is more appropriate to identify overall dietary patterns associated with diabetes when compared with treelet transform analysis. J Nutr
National Heart Foundation, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (1989) Risk Factor Prevalence Study: Survey no. 3. Canberra: NHF.
World Health Organization (1995) Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee, WHO Technical Report Series no. 854. Geneva: WHO.
D’Onise, R, Shanahan, EM, Gill, T, et al. (2010) Does leisure time physical activity protect against shoulder pain at work?
Weiss, BD, Mays, MZ, Martz, W, et al. (2005) Quick assessment of literacy in primary care: the newest vital sign. Ann Fam Med
Baker, DW, Williams, MV, Parker, RM, et al. (1999) Development of a brief test to measure functional health literacy. Patient Edu Coun
Appleton, SL, Seaborn, CJ, Visvanathan, R, et al. (2013) Diabetes and cardiovascular disease outcomes in the metabolically healthy obese phenotype: a cohort study. Diabetes Care
World Health Organization (1994) Assessment of Fracture Risk and its Application to Screening for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis. Report of a WHO Study Group, World Health Organization Technical Report Series no. 843. Geneva: WHO.
Goldberg, G, Black, A, Jebb, S, et al. (1991) Critical evaluation of energy intake data using fundamental principles of energy physiology: 1. Derivation of cut-off limits to identify under-recording. Eur J Clin Nutr
Black, AE (2000) Critical evaluation of energy intake using the Goldberg cut-off for energy intake: basal metabolic rate. A practical guide to its calculation, use and limitations. Int J Obes
Barros, AJ & Hirakata, VN (2003) Alternatives for logistic regression in cross-sectional studies: an empirical comparison of models that directly estimate the prevalence ratio. BMC Med Res Methodol
de Jonge, EA, Kiefte-de Jong, JC, de Groot, LC, et al. (2015) Development of a food group-based diet score and its association with bone mineral density in the elderly: the Rotterdam study. Nutrients
Shin, S, Sung, J & Joung, H (2015) A fruit, milk and whole grain dietary pattern is positively associated with bone mineral density in Korean healthy adults. Eur J Clin Nutri
Bowes, A, Church, H & Pennington, J (1994) Bowes and Church’s Food Values of Portions Commonly Used. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott.
Chen Y-m, Ho S, & Lam, S (2010) Higher sea fish intake is associated with greater bone mass and lower osteoporosis risk in postmenopausal Chinese women. Osteoporos Int
Shin, S & Joung, H (2013) A dairy and fruit dietary pattern is associated with a reduced likelihood of osteoporosis in Korean postmenopausal women. Br J Nutr
Tucker, KL (2009) Osteoporosis prevention and nutrition. Curr Osteoporos Rep
Maurer, M, Riesen, W, Muser, J, et al. (2003) Neutralization of western diet inhibits bone resorption independently of K intake and reduces cortisol secretion in humans. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol
284, F32– F40.
Macdonald, HM (2007) Influence of organic salts of potassium on bone health: possible mechanisms of action for the role of fruit and vegetables. Int Congress Ser
Hamidi, M, Boucher, BA, Cheung, AM, et al. (2011) Fruit and vegetable intake and bone health in women aged 45 years and over: a systematic review. Osteoporos Int
Taylor, AW, Dal Grande, E, Wu, J, et al. (2014) Ten-year trends in major lifestyle risk factors using an ongoing population surveillance system in Australia. Popul Health Metrics
Willett, W (2013) Nutritional Epidemiology. New York: OUP.
de Franca, NA, Camargo, MB, Lazaretti-Castro, M, et al. (2015) Dietary patterns and bone mineral density in Brazilian postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: a cross-sectional study. Eur J Clin Nutr
Amato, D, Maravilla, A, Montoya, C, et al. (1998) Acute effects of soft drink intake on calcium and phosphate metabolism in immature and adult rats. Rev Invest Clin
Tucker, KL, Morita, K, Qiao, N, et al. (2006) Colas, but not other carbonated beverages, are associated with low bone mineral density in older women: the Framingham Osteoporosis Study. Am J Clin Nutr
Jankovic, N, Steppel, MT, Kampman, E, et al. (2014) Stability of dietary patterns assessed with reduced rank regression; the Zutphen Elderly Study. Nutr J
Zantinge, EM, van den Berg, M, Smit, HA, et al. (2014) Retirement and a healthy lifestyle: opportunity or pitfall? A narrative review of the literature. Eur J Public Health
Helldan, A, Lallukka, T, Rahkonen, O, et al. (2012) Changes in healthy food habits after transition to old age retirement. Eur J Public Health
Smith, W, Mitchell, P, Reay, EM, et al. (1998) Validity and reproducibility of a self-administered food frequency questionnaire in older people. Aust N Z J Public Health
Newby, PK, Weismayer, C, Åkesson, A, et al. (2006) Long-term stability of food patterns identified by use of factor analysis among Swedish women. J Nutr