1Søborg, C, Søborg, B, Pouelsen, S, et al. (2001) Doubling of the tuberculosis incidence in Greenland over an 8-year period (1990–1997). Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5, 257–265.
3Fenton, MJ (1998) Macrophages and tuberculosis. Curr Opin Hematol 5, 72–78.
4Rockett, KA, Brookers, R, Udalova, I, et al. (1998) 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 induces nitric oxide synthase and suppresses growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a human macrophage-like cell line. Infect Immun 66, 5314–5321.
5Liu, PT & Modlin, RL (2008) Human macrophage host defence against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Curr Opin Immunol 20, 371–376.
6Davies, PD (1995) Tuberculosis and migration. The Mitchell Lecture 1994. J R Coll Physicians Lond 29, 113–118.
7Wilkinson, RJ & Pasvol, G (1995) Tuberculosis, HIV, hormones and children. J R Coll Physicians Lond 29, 86–88.
8Nnoaham, KE & Clarke, A (2008) Low serum vitamin D levels and tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analyses. Int J Epidemiol 37, 113–119.
9Bjerregaard, P (2001) Rapid socio-cultural change and health in the Arctic. Int J Circumpolar Health 60, 102–111.
10Keiver, KM, Draper, HH & Ronald, K (1987) Vitamin D metabolism in the hooded seal (Cystophora cristata). J Nutr 118, 332–341.
11Rejnmark, L, Jørgensen, ME, Pedersen, MB, et al. (2004) Vitamin D insufficiency in Greenlanders on a westernized fare: ethnic differences in calcitropic hormones between Greenlanders and Danes. Calcif Tissue Int 74, 255–263.
12Haderslev, KV, Jeppesen, PB, Sorensen, HA, et al. (2003) Vitamin D status and measurements of markers of bone metabolism in patients with small intestinal resection. Gut 52, 653–658.
13Friis, H, Range, N, Pedersen, ML, et al. (2008) Hypovitaminosis D is common among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Tanzania but is not explained by the acute phase response. J Nutr 138, 2474–2480.
14Vieth, R (2006) What is the optimal vitamin D status for health? Prog Biophys Mol Biol 92, 26–32.
15Chan, TYK (2000) Vitamin D deficiency and susceptibility to tuberculosis. Calcif Tissue Int 66, 476–478.
16Wilkinson, RJ, Llewelyn, M, Toossi, Z, et al. (2000) Influence of vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D receptor polymorphisms on tuberculosis among Gujarati Asians in west London: a case–control study. Lancet 355, 618–621.
17Holick, MF & Chen, TC (2008) Vitamin D deficiency: a worldwide problem with health consequences. Am J Clin Nutr 87, 1080S–1086S.
18Toth, A, Fackelmann, J, Pigott, W, et al. (2004) Tuberculosis prevention and treatment. Can Nurse 100, 27–30.
19Tuohimaa, P, Tenkanen, L, Ahonen, M, et al. (2004) Both high and low levels of blood vitamin D are associated with a higher prostate cancer risk: a longitudinal, nested case–control study in the Nordic counties. Int J Cancer 108, 104–108.
20Miller, GJ & Stableton, GE (1995) Vitamin D receptor expression, 24-hydroxylase activity, and inhibition of growth by 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in seven human prostatic carcinoma cell lines. Clin Cancer Res 1, 997–1003.
21Selvaraj, P, Prabhu Anand, S, Harishankar, M, et al. (2009) Plasma 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D3 level and expression of vitamin D receptor and cathelicidin in pulmonary tuberculosis. J Clin Immunol 29, 470–478.
22Bonilla, DL, Fan, YY, Chapkin, RS, et al. (2010) Transgenic mice enriched in omega-3 fatty acids are more susceptible to pulmonary tuberculosis: impaired resistance to tuberculosis in fat-1 mice. J Infect Dis 201, 399–408.
23Jordao, L, Lengeling, A, Bordat, Y, et al. (2008) Effects of omega-3 and -6 fatty acids on Mycobacterium tuberculosis in macrophages and in mice. Microbes Infect 10, 1379–1386.
25Grotto, I, Mimouni, M, Gdalevich, M, et al. (2003) Vitamin A supplementation and childhood morbidity from diarrhea and respiratory infections: a meta-analysis. J Pediatr 142, 297–304.