This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1 A Astrup , T Meinert Larsen & A Harper (2004) Atkins and other low-carbohydrate diets: hoax or an effective tool for weight loss? Lancet 364, 897–899.
5 M Freedman , J King & E Kennedy (2001) Popular diets: a scientific review. Obes Res 9, 1S–40S.
10 GP Young (2000) Colorectal disorders: a dietary management perspective. Asia Pacific J Clin Nutr 9, S76–S82.
11 SJ O'Keefe (2008) Nutrition and colonic health: the critical role of the microbiota. Curr Opin Gastroenterol 24, 51–58.
12 TC Crowe (2005) Safety of low-carbohydrate diets. Obes Rev 6, 235–245.
13 HC Kang , DE Chung , DW Kim , (2004) Early- and late-onset complications of the ketogenic diet for intractable epilepsy. Epilepsia 45, 1116–1123.
14 JA Baron , A Schori , B Crow , (1986) A randomized controlled trial of low carbohydrate and low fat/high fiber diets for weight loss. Am J Public Health 76, 1293–1296.
15 WS Yancy Jr, MK Olsen , JR Guyton , (2004) A low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-fat diet to treat obesity and hyperlipidemia: a randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 140, 769–777.
16 SH Duncan , A Belenguer , G Holtrop , (2007) Reduced dietary intake of carbohydrates by obese subjects results in decreased concentrations of butyrate and butyrate-producing bacteria in feces. Appl Environ Microbiol 73, 1073–1078.
18 SM Grundy , JI Cleeman , SR Daniels , (2005) Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome. An American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute scientific statement. Circulation 112, 2735–2752.
19 SJ Lewis & KW Heaton (1997) Stool form scale as a useful guide to intestinal transit time. Scand J Gastroenterol 32, 920–924.
20 A Hodge , AJ Patterson , WJ Brown , (2000) The Anti Cancer Council of Victoria FFQ: relative validity of nutrient intakes compared with weighed food records in young to middle-aged women in a study of iron supplementation. Aust N Z J Public Health 24, 576–583.
21 KE Murray & RF Adams (1988) Determination of simple phenols in faeces and urine by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr 431, 143–149.
22 M Yoshikawa , Y Taguchi , K Arashidani , (1986) Determination of cresols in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr 362, 425–429.
23 HJ Vreman , JA Dowling , RA Raubach , (1978) Determination of acetate in biological material by vacuum microdistillation and gas chromatography. Anal Chem 50, 1138–1141.
28 JH Cummings , HS Wiggins , DJ Jenkins , (1978) Influence of diets high and low in animal fat on bowel habit, gastrointestinal transit time, fecal microflora, bile acid, and fat excretion. J Clin Invest 61, 953–963.
29 DP Burkitt , AR Walker & NS Painter (1972) Effect of dietary fibre on stools and the transit-times, and its role in the causation of disease. Lancet ii 1408–1412.
31 AM Birkett , GP Jones , AM de Silva , (1997) Dietary intake and faecal excretion of carbohydrate by Australians: importance of achieving stool weights greater than 150 g to improve faecal markers relevant to colon cancer risk. Eur J Clin Nutr 51, 625–632.
32 JH Cummings , SA Bingham , KW Heaton , (1992) Fecal weight, colon cancer risk, and dietary intake of nonstarch polysaccharides (dietary fiber). Gastroenterology 103, 1783–1789.
33 SJ Lewis & KW Heaton (1997) Increasing butyrate concentration in the distal colon by accelerating intestinal transit. Gut 41, 245–251.
38 KR Silvester & JH Cummings (1995) Does digestibility of meat protein help explain large bowel cancer risk? Nutr Cancer 24, 279–288.
39 S Toden , AR Bird , DL Topping , (2005) Resistant starch attenuates colonic DNA damage induced by higher dietary protein in rats. Nutr Cancer 51, 45–51.
42 S Toden , AR Bird , DL Topping , (2007) High red meat diets induce greater numbers of colonic DNA double-strand breaks than white meat in rats: attenuation by high-amylose maize starch. Carcinogenesis 28, 2355–2362.
43 SA Bingham (2000) Diet and colorectal cancer prevention. Biochem Soc Trans 28, 12–16.
46 GJ Meijer-Severs & E van Santen (1987) Short-chain fatty acids and succinate in feces of healthy human volunteers and their correlation with anaerobe cultural counts. Scand J Gastroenterol 22, 672–676.
47 PM Heavey & IR Rowland (2004) Microbial-gut interactions in health and disease. Gastrointestinal cancer. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 18, 323–336.
48 F Guarner & JR Malagelada (2003) Gut flora in health and disease. Lancet 361, 512–519.