This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1 D Haslam , N Sattar & M Lean (2006) Obesity – time to wake up. BMJ 333, 640–642.
3 N Heslehurst , R Lang , J Rankin , JR Wilkinson & CD Summerbell (2007) Obesity in pregnancy: a study of the impact of maternal obesity on NHS maternity services. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 114, 334–342.
4 N Sattar , PH Clark , MEJ Lean , I Walker & IA Greer (2001) Antenatal waist circumference and hypertension risk. Obstet Gynecol 97, 268–271.
5 K Duckitt & D Harrington (2005) Risk factors for pre-eclampsia at antenatal booking: systematic review of controlled studies. BMJ 330, 565.
6 TE O'Brien , JG Ray & WS Chan (2003) Maternal body mass index and risk of preeclampsia: a systematic review. Epidemiology 14, 368–374.
7 PM Catalano & HM Ehrenberg (2006) The short- and long-term implications of maternal obesity on the mother and her offspring. BJOG 113, 1126–1133.
8 JC King (2006) Maternal obesity, metabolism and pregnancy outcome. Ann Rev Nutr 26, 271–291.
9 HA Abenhaim , RA Kinch , L Morin , A Benjamin & R Usher (2007) Effect of prepregnancy body mass index categories on obstetrical and neonatal outcomes. Arch Gynecol Obstet 275, 39–43.
10 MF Sewell , L Huston-Presley , DM Super & P Catalano (2006) Increased neonatal fat mass, no lean body mass, is associated with maternal obesity. Am J Obstet Gynecol 195, 1100–1103.
11 CR Gale , MK Javaid , SM Robinson , CM Law , KM Godfrey & C Cooper (2007) Maternal size in pregnancy and body composition in children. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92, 3904–3911.
12 KM Flegal , BI Graubard , DF Williamson & MH Gail (2005) Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity. JAMA 293, 1861–1867.
13 MB Snijder , RM van Dam , M Visser & JC Seidell (2006) What aspects of body fat are particularly hazardous and how do we measure them? Int J Epidemiol 35, 83–92.
14 MEJ Lean , TS Han & CE Morrison (1995) Waist circumference as a measure for indicating need for weight management. BMJ 311, 158–161.
15 TS Han , N Sattar & M Lean (2006) Assessment of obesity and its clinical implications. BMJ 333, 695–698.
16 M Ashwell & SD Hsieh (2005) Six reasons why the waist-to-height ratio is a rapid and effective global indicator for health risks of obesity and how its use could simplify the international public health message on obesity. Int J Food Sci Nutr 56, 303–307.
17 M Ashwell , TJ Cole & AK Dixon (1996) Ratio of waist circumference to height is strong predictor of intra-abdominal fat. BMJ 313, 559–560.
18 BD Cox & MJ Whichelow (1996) Ratio of waist circumference to height is better predictor of death than body mass index. BMJ 313, 1487.
19 SD Hsieh , H Yoshinaga & T Muto (2003) Waist-to-height ratio, a simple and practical index for assessing central fat distribution and metabolic risk in Japanese men and women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27, 610–616.
20 HM Inskip , KM Godfrey , SM Robinson , CM Law , DJP Barker , C Cooper & SWS Study Group (2006) Cohort profile: the Southampton Women's Survey. Int J Epidemiol 35, 42–48.
21 F Fidanza (1991) . In Nutritional Status Assessment, pp. 1–62 [ F Fidanza , editor]. London: Chapman & Hall.
24 P Deurenberg , M Deurenberg Yap , J Wang , FP Lin & G Schmidt (1999) The impact of body build on the relationship between body mass index and percent body fat. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23, 537–542.
31 IE Buchan , PE Bundred , DJ Kitchiner & TJ Cole (2007) Body mass index has risen more steeply in tall than in short 3-year olds: serial cross-sectional surveys 1988–2003. Int J Obes (Lond) 31, 23–29.
32 TS Han , JC Seidell , JEP Currall , CE Morrison , P Deurenberg & MEJ Lean (1997) The influences of height and age on waist circumference as an index of adiposity in adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 21, 83–89.
34 L Lissner , C Bjorkelund , BL Heitmann , L Lapidus , P Bjorntorp & C Bengtsson (1998) Secular increases in waist–hip ratio among Swedish women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 22, 1116–1120.
35 HD McCarthy , SM Ellis & TJ Cole (2003) Central overweight and obesity in British youth aged 11–16 years: cross sectional surveys of waist circumference. BMJ 326, 624.
36 S Yusuf , S Hawken , S Ounpuu , (2005) Obesity and the risk of myocardial infarction in 27 000 participants from 52 countries: a case–control study. Lancet 366, 1640–1649.
38 VJ Carey , EE Walters , GA Colditz , CG Solomon , WC Willett , BA Rosner , FE Speizer & JE Manson (1997) Body fat distribution and risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in women. The Nurses' Health Study. Am J Epidemiol 145, 614–619.
40 D Canoy , R Luben , A Welch , S Bingham , N Wareham , N Day & KT Khaw (2004) Fat distribution, body mass index and blood pressure in 22 090 men and women in the Norfolk cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Norfolk) study. J Hypertens 22, 2067–2074.
41 AD Woolf , FC Breedveld & TK Kvien (2006) Controlling the obesity epidemic is important for maintaining musculoskeletal health. Ann Rheum Dis 65, 1401–1402.