Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Decomposition of body mass growth into linear and ponderal growth in children with application to India

  • Aalok R. Chaurasia (a1)
Abstract

In this paper, we decompose the difference between the weight of a child and the weight of a reference child into the difference between the height of the child and the height of the reference child and the difference between the weight per unit height of the child and the weight per unit height of the reference child. The decomposition provides the theoretical justification to the classification of the nutritional status proposed by Svedberg and by Nandy et al. An application of the decomposition framework to the Indian data shows that the level, depth and severity of the faltering of the growth of the body mass in Indian children are primarily due to the level, depth and severity of the faltering of the ponderal growth.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Decomposition of body mass growth into linear and ponderal growth in children with application to India
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Decomposition of body mass growth into linear and ponderal growth in children with application to India
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Decomposition of body mass growth into linear and ponderal growth in children with application to India
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
* Corresponding author: A. R. Chaurasia, email aranjan@shyaminstitute.in
References
Hide All
1. World Health Organization (1995) Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. Technical Report Series no. 854. Geneva: WHO.
2. Svedberg, P (2000) Poverty and Under-nutrition: Theory, Measurement and Policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
3. Gomez, F, Galvan, RR, Frenk, S, et al. (1956) Mortality in second and third degree malnutrition. J Trop Pediatr (Lond) 2, 7783.
4. Jelliffe, DB (1966) The Assessment of the Nutrition Status of the Community. WHO Monograph Series no. 53. Geneva: World Health Organization.
5. World Health Organization (1971) Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Nutrition. 8th Report. Technical Report Series no. 477. Geneva: WHO.
6. Waterlow, JC & Rutishauser, IHE (1974) Malnutrition in man. In Early Malnutrition and Mental Development. Symposia of the Swedish Nutrition Foundation, XII, pp. 13-26 [J Carvioto, editor]. Uppsala: Almqvist and Wiksell.
7. World Health Organization (1976) Methodology of Nutritional Surveillance. Technical Report Series No. 593. Geneva: World Health Organization.
8. Government of India (1975) The Integrated Child Development Scheme. New Delhi: Ministry of Women and Child Development.
9. National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (no date) Growth Monitoring Manual. New Delhi: National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development.
10. Nandy, S & Miranda, JJ (2008) Overlooking under-nutrition? Using a composite index of anthropometric failure to assess how under-weight misses and misleads the assessment of under-nutrition in young children. Soc Sci Med 66, 19631966.
11. Seetharaman, N, Chacko, TV, Shankar, SLR, et al. (2007) Measuring malnutrition – the role of z scores and the composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF). Indian J Community Med 32, 3539.
12. Nandy, S, Irving, M, Gordon, D, et al. (2005) Poverty, child under nutrition and morbidity: new evidence from India. Bull World Health Organ 83, 210216.
13. Gaiha, R, Jha, R & Kulkarni, VS (2010) Child under-nutrition in India. ASARC Working Paper 2010/11, Australia South Asia Research Centre. Canberra, Australian National University.
14. Bhattacharya, AK (2006) Composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) classification. Is it more useful? Bull World Health Organ 84, 335.
15. Anwar, F, Gupta, MK, Prabha, C, et al. (2013) Malnutrition among rural Indian children. An assessment using web of indices. Int J Public Health Epidemiol 2, 7884.
16. Bose, K & Mandal, GC (2010) Proposed new anthropometric indices of childhood undernutrition. Malays J Nutr 16, 133136.
17. Stein, AJ (2013) Rethinking the measurement of undernutrition in a broader health context. Discussion Paper no. 1298, Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.
18. Mukhopadhyay, S (2011) Using mean of squared deviation gaps to measure under-nutrition and related socioeconomic inequalities. J Hum Dev Capab 12, 535556.
19. Mukhopadhyay, S (2015) Aspects of child undernutrition in India. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Kolkata, University of Calcutta.
20. Mukhopadhyay, S (2016) Dynamics of child under nutrition in India: an analysis beyond headcount ratio. Econ Bull 36, 155164.
21. Scrimshaw, NS, Taylor, CE & Gordon, JE (1968) Interaction of Nutrition and Infection. Monograph Series no. 57. Geneva: World Health Organization.
22. Pelletier, DL, Frongillo, EA Jr, Shroeder, DG, et al. (1994) A methodology for estimating the contribution of malnutrition to child mortality in developing countries. J Nutr 124, 2106S2122S.
23. Blössner, M & de Onis, M (2005) Malnutrition: quantifying the health impact at national and local levels. Environmental Burden of Disease Series no. 12. Geneva: World Health Organization.
24. Black, RE, Allen, LH, Bhutta, ZA, et al. (2008) Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet 371, 243260.
25. McLaren, DS & Read, WWC (1972) Classification of nutritional status. Lancet 2, 146148.
26. McLaren, DS & Read, WWC (1975) Weight/height classification of nutritional status. Lancet 306, 219221.
27. International Institute for Population Sciences (1994) National Family Health Survey India 1992–93, India. Mumbai:International Institute for Population Sciences.
28. International Institute for Population Sciences and Macro International (2000) National Family Health Survey India 1998–99, India. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences.
29. International Institute for Population Sciences and Macro International (2008) National Family Health Survey India 2005–06, India. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences.
30. World Health Organization (2006) WHO Child Growth Standards: Methods and Development. Length/height-for-age, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, weight-for-height and body mass index-for-age. Geneva: World Health Organization.
31. International Institute for Population Sciences (2014) District Level Household and Facility Survey-4. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences.
32. Government of India (2015) Rapid Survey of Children (RSOC) 2013–14. National Report. New Delhi, Government of India, Ministry of Women and Child Development.
33. Cole, TJ (1979) A method for assessing age-standardised weight for height in children seen cross-sectionally. Ann Hum Biol 6, 249268.
34. Cole, TJ (1985) A critique of NCHS weight for height standard. Hum Biol 57, 183196.
35. National Council of Applied Economic Research (2005) India Human Development Survey 2005. New Delhi: National Council of Applied Economic Research.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 9
Total number of PDF views: 66 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 269 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 27th February 2017 - 26th May 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.