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Diet quality and its implications on the cardio-metabolic, physical and general health of older men: the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project (CHAMP)

  • Rosilene V. Ribeiro (a1) (a2), Vasant Hirani (a1) (a2), Alistair M. Senior (a3), Alison K. Gosby (a1) (a4), Robert G. Cumming (a2) (a5) (a6), Fiona M. Blyth (a2), Vasi Naganathan (a2), Louise M. Waite (a2), David J. Handelsman (a7), Hal Kendig (a6) (a8), Markus J. Seibel (a7), Stephen J. Simpson (a1), Fiona Stanaway (a5), Margaret Allman-Farinelli (a1) and David G. Le Couteur (a1) (a2) (a7)...

The revised Dietary Guideline Index (DGI-2013) scores individuals’ diets according to their compliance with the Australian Dietary Guideline (ADG). This cross-sectional study assesses the diet quality of 794 community-dwelling men aged 74 years and older, living in Sydney, Australia participating in the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project; it also examines sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with DGI-2013 scores; it studies associations between DGI-2103 scores and the following measures: homoeostasis model assessment – insulin resistance, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, TAG, blood pressure, waist:hip ratio, BMI, number of co-morbidities and medications and frailty status while also accounting for the effect of ethnicity in these relationships. Median DGI-2013 score was 93·7 (54·4, 121·2); most individuals failed to meet recommendations for vegetables, dairy products and alternatives, added sugar, unsaturated fat and SFA, fluid and discretionary foods. Lower education, income, physical activity levels and smoking were associated with low scores. After adjustments for confounders, high DGI-2013 scores were associated with lower HDL-cholesterol, lower waist:hip ratios and lower probability of being frail. Proxies of good health (fewer co-morbidities and medications) were not associated with better compliance to the ADG. However, in participants with a Mediterranean background, low DGI-2013 scores were not generally associated with poorer health. Older men demonstrated poor diet quality as assessed by the DGI-2013, and the association between dietary guidelines and health measures and indices may be influenced by ethnic background.

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* Corresponding author: Dr R. V. Ribeiro, email
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