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Dietary acetic acid reduces serum cholesterol and triacylglycerols in rats fed a cholesterol-rich diet

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 March 2007

Takashi Fushimi*
Affiliation:
Central Research Institute, Mizkan Group Corporation, 2–6 Nakamura-cho, Handa Aichi 475–8585, Japan
Kazuhito Suruga
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Nutritional Physiology and COE Program in the 21st Century, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka 422–8526, Japan
Yoshifumi Oshima
Affiliation:
Central Research Institute, Mizkan Group Corporation, 2–6 Nakamura-cho, Handa Aichi 475–8585, Japan
Momoko Fukiharu
Affiliation:
Central Research Institute, Mizkan Group Corporation, 2–6 Nakamura-cho, Handa Aichi 475–8585, Japan
Yoshinori Tsukamoto
Affiliation:
Central Research Institute, Mizkan Group Corporation, 2–6 Nakamura-cho, Handa Aichi 475–8585, Japan
Toshinao Goda
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Nutritional Physiology and COE Program in the 21st Century, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka 422–8526, Japan
*
*Corresponding author: Dr. Takashi Fushimi, fax +81 56924 5028, email tfushimi@mizkan.co.jp
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Abstract

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To investigate the efficacy of the intake of vinegar for prevention of hyperlipidaemia, we examined the effect of dietary acetic acid, the main component of vinegar, on serum lipid values in rats fed a diet containing 1% (w/w) cholesterol. Animals were allowed free access to a diet containing no cholesterol, a diet containing 1% cholesterol without acetic acid, or a diet containing 1% cholesterol with 0·3% (w/w) acetic acid for 19 d. Then, they were killed after food deprivation for 7 h. Cholesterol feeding increased serum total cholesterol and triacylglycerol levels. Compared with the cholesterol-fed group, the cholesterol and acetic acid-fed group had significantly lower values for serum total cholesterol and triacylglycerols, liver ATP citrate lyase (ATP-CL) activity, and liver 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA content as well as liver mRNA levels of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1, ATP-CL and fatty acid synthase (P<,0·05). Further, the serum secretin level, liver acyl-CoA oxidase expression, and faecal bile acid content were significantly higher in the cholesterol and acetic acid-fed group than in the cholesterol-fed group (P<0·05). However, acetic acid feeding affected neither the mRNA level nor activity of cholesterol 7a-hydroxylase. In conclusion, dietary acetic acid reduced serum total cholesterol and triacylglycerol: first due to the inhibition of lipogenesis in liver; second due to the increment in faecal bile acid excretion in rats fed a diet containing cholesterol.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Nutrition Society 2006

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