This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1FB Hu & WC Willett (2002) Optimal diets for prevention of coronary heart disease. JAMA 288, 2569–2578.
2GS Berenson , SR Srinivasan & TA Nicklas (1998) Atherosclerosis: a nutritional disease of childhood. Am J Cardiol 82, 22T–29T.
3SM Camhi & PT Katzmarzyk (2010) Tracking of cardiometabolic risk factor clustering from childhood to adulthood. Int J Pediatr Obes 5, 122–129.
5PC Calder (2009) Fatty acids and immune function: relevance to inflammatory bowel diseases. Int Rev Immunol 28, 506–534.
6SM Innis (2007) Dietary (n-3) fatty acids and brain development. J Nutr 137, 855–859.
8TA O'Sullivan , G Ambrosini , LJ Beilin , et al. (2011) Dietary intake and food sources of fatty acids in Australian adolescents. Nutrition 27, 153–159.
10RK Harika , MC Cosgrove , SJ Osendarp , et al. (2011) Fatty acid intakes of children and adolescents are not in line with the dietary intake recommendations for future cardiovascular health: a systematic review of dietary intake data from thirty countries. Br J Nutr 106, 307–316.
11PM Kris-Etherton & S Yu (1997) Individual fatty acid effects on plasma lipids and lipoproteins: human studies. Am J Clin Nutr 65, 1628S–1644S.
12D Mozaffarian (2011) The great fat debate: taking the focus off of saturated fat. J Am Diet Assoc 111, 665–666.
13LH Kuller (2011) The great fat debate: reducing cholesterol. J Am Diet Assoc 111, 663–664.
15WS Harris (1989) Fish oils and plasma lipid and lipoprotein metabolism in humans: a critical review. J Lipid Res 30, 785–807.
18FB Hu , JE Manson & WC Willett (2001) Types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a critical review. J Am Coll Nutr 20, 5–19.
20S De Henauw , F Gottrand , I De Bourdeaudhuij , et al. (2007) Nutritional status and lifestyles of adolescents from a public health perspective. The HELENA Project - Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence. J Public Health 15, 187–197.
21LA Moreno , M González-Gross , M Kersting , et al. (2008) Assessing, understanding and modifying nutritional status, eating habits and physical activity in European adolescents: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. Public Health Nutr 11, 288–299.
22LA Moreno , S De Henauw , M González-Gross , et al. (2008) Design and implementation of the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, Suppl. 5, S4–S11.
23AE Black (2000) Critical evaluation of energy intake using the Goldberg cut-off for energy intake:basal metabolic rate. A practical guide to its calculation, use and limitations. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24, 1119–1130.
24L Beghin , M Castera , Y Manios , et al. (2008) Quality assurance of ethical issues and regulatory aspects relating to good clinical practices in the HELENA Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, Suppl. 5, S12–S18.
25G Biro , KF Hulshof , L Ovesen , et al. (2002) Selection of methodology to assess food intake. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, Suppl. 2, S25–S32.
26CA Vereecken , M Covents , C Matthys , et al. (2005) Young Adolescents' Nutrition Assessment on Computer (YANA-C). Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 658–667.
27CA Vereecken , M Covents , W Sichert-Hellert , et al. (2008) Development and evaluation of a self-administered computerized 24-h dietary recall method for adolescents in Europe. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, Suppl. 5, S26–S34.
28LI Dehne , C Klemm , G Henseler , et al. (1999) The German Food Code and Nutrient Data Base (BLS II.2). Eur J Epidemiol 15, 355–359.
31OW Souverein , AL Dekkers , A Geelen , et al. (2011) Comparing four methods to estimate usual intake distributions. Eur J Clin Nutr 65, Suppl. 1, S92–S101.
32E Nagy , G Vicente-Rodriguez , Y Manios , et al. (2008) Harmonization process and reliability assessment of anthropometric measurements in a multicenter study in adolescents. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, Suppl. 5, S58–S65.
33TJ Cole , JV Freeman & MA Preece (1995) Body mass index reference curves for the UK, 1990. Arch Dis Child 73, 25–29.
35G Rodriguez , LA Moreno , MG Blay , et al. (2005) Body fat measurement in adolescents: comparison of skinfold thickness equations with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 1158–1166.
36JM Tanner & RH Whitehouse (1976) Clinical longitudinal standards for height, weight, height velocity, weight velocity, and stages of puberty. Arch Dis Child 51, 170–179.
37M Hagstromer , P Bergman , I De Bourdeaudhuij , et al. (2008) Concurrent validity of a modified version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-A) in European adolescents: The HELENA Study. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, S42–S48.
41I Sioen , C Matthys , G De Backer , et al. (2007) Importance of seafood as nutrient source in the diet of Belgian adolescents. J Hum Nutr Diet 20, 580–589.
42G Samuelson , LE Bratteby , R Mohsen , et al. (2001) Dietary fat intake in healthy adolescents: inverse relationships between the estimated intake of saturated fatty acids and serum cholesterol. Br J Nutr 85, 333–341.
43Z Harel , S Riggs , R Vaz , et al. (2001) Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in adolescents: knowledge and consumption. J Adolesc Health 28, 10–15.
44RB Ervin , JD Wright , CY Wang , et al. (2004) . Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
45M Kersting , W Sichert-Hellert , U Alexy , et al. (1998) Macronutrient intake of 1 to 18 year old German children and adolescents. Z Ernahrungswiss 37, 252–259.
47P Howe , B Meyer , S Record , et al. (2006) Dietary intake of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: contribution of meat sources. Nutrition 22, 47–53.
48I Ramirez-Silva , S Villalpando , JE Moreno-Saracho , et al. (2011) Fatty acids intake in the Mexican population. Results of the National Nutrition Survey 2006. Nutr Metab (Lond) 8, 33.
49AP Simopoulos (2008) The importance of the omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio in cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 233, 674–688.
50RJ Deckelbaum & PC Calder (2010) Dietary n-3 and n-6 fatty acids: are there ‘bad’ polyunsaturated fatty acids? Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 13, 123–124.
51JC Stanley , RL Elsom , PC Calder , et al. (2007) UK Food Standards Agency Workshop Report: the effects of the dietary n-6:n-3 fatty acid ratio on cardiovascular health. Br J Nutr 98, 1305–1310.
53WC Willett , AH Lichtenstein , LH Kuller , et al. (2011) The great fat debate: Q & A. J Am Diet Assoc 111, 672–675.
54AH Lichtenstein (2011) The great fat debate: the importance of message translation. J Am Diet Assoc 111, 667–670.
55R Micha & D Mozaffarian (2010) Saturated fat and cardiometabolic risk factors, coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes: a fresh look at the evidence. Lipids 45, 893–905.
56BJ Meyer , NJ Mann , JL Lewis , et al. (2003) Dietary intakes and food sources of omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Lipids 38, 391–398.
57TE Ollis , BJ Meyer & PR Howe (1999) Australian food sources and intakes of omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Ann Nutr Metab 43, 346–355.
58R Monge-Rojas , H Campos & X Fernández Rojas (2005) Saturated and cis- and trans-unsaturated fatty acids intake in rural and urban Costa Rican adolescents. J Am Coll Nutr 24, 286–293.
60G Deharveng , UR Charrondiere , N Slimani , et al. (1999) Comparison of nutrients in the food composition tables available in the nine European countries participating in EPIC. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Eur J Clin Nutr 53, 60–79.