1. E Reisin & MA Alpert (2005) Definition of the metabolic syndrome: current proposal and controversies. Am J Med Sci 330, 269–272.
ES Ford (2005) Risks for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes associated with the metabolic syndrome: a summary of the evidence. Diabetes Care
3. ES Ford , WH Giles & WH Dietz (2002) Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. JAMA 287, 356–359.
4. A Mozumdar & G Liguori (2011) Persistent increase of prevalence of metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults: NHANES III to NHANES 1999–2006. Diabetes Care 34, 216–219.
5. ES Ford , C Li , LC McGuire , et al. (2007) Intake of dietary magnesium and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults. Obesity 15, 1139–1146.
6. Y Song , PM Ridker , JE Manson , et al. (2005) Magnesium intake, C-reactive protein, and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older U.S. women. Diabetes Care 28, 1438–1444.
NM McKeown , PF Jacques , XL Zhang , et al. (2008) Dietary magnesium intake is related to metabolic syndrome in older Americans. Eur J Nutr
FC Mooren , K Kruger , K Volker , et al. (2011) Oral magnesium supplementation reduces insulin resistance in non-diabetic subjects – a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Diabetes Obes Metab
M Rodriguez-Moran & F Guerrero-Romero (2014) Oral magnesium supplementation improves the metabolic profile of metabolically obese, normal-weight individuals: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Arch Med Res
LM Resnick (1992) Cellular calcium and magnesium metabolism in the pathophysiology and treatment of hypertension and related metabolic disorders. Am J Med
14. LM Resnick , RK Gupta , KK Bhargava , et al. (1991) Cellular ions in hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. A nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic study. Hypertension 17, 951–957.
15. CG Musso (2009) Magnesium metabolism in health and disease. Int Urol Nephrol 41, 357–362.
M Barbagallo , LJ Dominguez , A Galioto , et al. (2003) Role of magnesium in insulin action, diabetes and cardio-metabolic syndrome X. Mol Aspects Med
A Rosanoff & MS Seelig (2004) Comparison of mechanism and functional effects of magnesium and statin pharmaceuticals. J Am Coll Nutr
P Drouillet , B Balkau , MA Charles , et al. (2007) Calcium consumption and insulin resistance syndrome parameters. Data from the Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (DESIR). Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis
LE Griffith , GH Guyatt , RJ Cook , et al. (1999) The influence of dietary and nondietary calcium supplementation on blood pressure: an updated metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Hypertens
HC Bucher , RJ Cook , GH Guyatt , et al. (1996) Effects of dietary calcium supplementation on blood pressure. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JAMA
27. FH Nielsen (2010) Magnesium, inflammation, and obesity in chronic disease. Nutr Rev 68, 333–340.
28. A Rosanoff , CM Weaver & RK Rude (2010) Suboptimal magnesium status in the United States: are the health consequences underestimated? Nutr Rev 70, 153–164.
DA McCarron & ME Reusser (1999) Finding consensus in the dietary calcium-blood pressure debate. J Am Coll Nutr
TA Nicklas , CE O’Neil & VL Fulgoni (2009) The role of dairy in meeting the recommendations for shortfall nutrients in the American diet. J Am Coll Nutr
28, Suppl. 1, 73S–81S.
49. E Archer , GA Hand & SN Blair (2013) Validity of U.S. nutritional surveillance: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey caloric energy intake data, 1971–2010. PLoS ONE 8, e76632.