Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Digestion of raw banana starch in the small intestine of healthy humans: structural features of resistant starch

  • N. Faisant (a1), A. Buléon (a1), P. Colonna (a1), C. Molis (a2), S. Lartigue (a2), J.P. Galmiche (a2) and M. Champ (a1)...
Abstract

The digestion of freeze-dried green banana flour in the upper gut was studied by an intubation technique in six healthy subjects over a 14 h period. Of α-glucans ingested, 83.7 % reached the terminal ileum but were almost totally fermented in the colon. Structural study of the resistant fraction showed that a small part of the α-glucans which escaped digestion in the small intestine was composed of oligosaccharides from starch hydrolysis, whereas the rest was insoluble starch in granule form with physical characteristics similar to those of raw banana starch. Passage through the small intestine altered granule structure by increasing susceptibility to further α-amylase hydrolysis. Compared with resistant starch values in vivo, those obtained with the in vitro methods tested were inadequate to estimate the whole fraction of starch reaching the terminal ileum.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Digestion of raw banana starch in the small intestine of healthy humans: structural features of resistant starch
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Digestion of raw banana starch in the small intestine of healthy humans: structural features of resistant starch
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Digestion of raw banana starch in the small intestine of healthy humans: structural features of resistant starch
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Asp, N.-G. (1992) Resistant starch. Proceedings from the second plenary meeting of EURESTA: European FLAIR Concerted Action no. 11 on physiological implications of the consumption of resistant starch in man. Preface. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, Suppl. 2, S1.
Behall, K. M., Scholfield, D. J., Yuhaniak, I. & Canary, J. (1989) Diets containing high amylose vs amylopectin starch: effects on, metabolic variables in human subjects. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 49, 331344.
Bernier, J. J. (1984) Transit intestinal (Intestinal transit). In Physiologie de la Digestion, pp. 4954 [Bernier, J. J., editor]. Paris: Doin.
Champ, M. (1992) Determination of resistant starch in foods and food products: interlaboratory study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, Suppl. 2, S51S62.
Chapman, R. W., Sillery, J. K., Graham, M. M. & Saunders, D. R. (1985) Absorption of starch by ileostomates: effect of transit time and of carbohydrate load. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 41, 1244–248.
Christl, S. U., Murgatroyd, P. R., Gibson, G. R. & Cummings, J. H. (1992) Production, metabolism, and excretion of hydrogen in the large intestine. Gastroenterology 102, 12691277.
Colonna, P., Buléon, A. & Lemarié, F. (1988) Action of Bacillus subtilis ?-amylase on native wheat starch. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 31, 895904.
Colonna, P., Leloup, V. & Buléon, A. (1992) Limiting factors of starch hydrolysis. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, Suppl. 2, S17S32.
Cone, J. W. & Wolters, M. G. E. (1990) Some properties and degradability of isolated starch granules. Starch 42, 298301.
Duprat, F., Gallant, D., Gulibot, A., Mercier, C. & Robin, J.-P. (1980) L'amidon (Starch). In Les Polyméres Végétaux- Polyméres Pariétaux Alimentaires non Azotés, pp. 176231 [Monties, B., editor]. Paris: Gauthiers-Villars.
Eliasson, A. C. (1983) Differential scanning calorimetry studies on wheat starch-gluten mixtures. 1. Effect of gluten on the gelatinization of wheat starch. Journal of Cereal Science 1, 199205.
Englyst, H. N. & Cummings, J. H. (1986) Digestion of the carbohydrates of banana (Musa paradisiaca sapientum) in the human small intestine. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 44, 4250.
Englyst, H. N. & Cummings, J. H. (1993) Nutritional classification of starch and its validation by studies in man. In Proceedings of 'Bioavailability 93', part 1, pp. 142145 [Schlemmer, U. editor]. Karlsruhe: B F E.
Englyst, H. N., Kingman, S. M. & Cummings, J. H. (1992) Classification and measurement of nutritionally important starch fractions. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, Suppl. 2, S33S50.
Faisant, N, Champ, M, Colonna, P, Buléon, A., Molis, C., Langkilde, A.-M., Schweizer, T., Flourié, B. & Galmiche, J.-P. (1993 a) Structural features of resistant starch at the end of the human small intestine. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 47, 285296.
Faisant, N., Champ, M., Colonna, P. & Buléon, A. (1993 b) Structural discrepancies in resistant starch obtained in vivo in humans and in vitro. Carbohydrate Polymers 21, 205209.
Flourié, B., Leblond, A, Florent, Ch., Rautureau, M., Bisalli, A. & Rambaud, J.-C. (1988) Starch malabsorption and breath gas excretion in healthy humans consuming low- and high-starch diets. Gastroenterology 95, 356363.
Franco, C. M. L., do, Rio, Preto, S. J., Ciacco, C. F. & Geraldo, B. (1992) Factors that affect the enzymatic degradation of natural starch granules: effect of the size of the granules. Starch 44, 422426.
Gallant, D. J., Bouchet, B., Buléon, A. & Pérez, S. (1992) Physical characteristics of starch granules and susceptibility to enzymatic degradation. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, Suppl. 2, S3S16.
Hyden, S. (1955) A turbidimetric method for the determination of higher polyethylene glycols in biological materials. Kungliga Lantbrukshögskolans Annaler 22, 139145.
Katz, J. R. (1930) Abhandlungen zur Physikalischen Chemie der Stärcke und der Brotbereitung. I. Über die Anderungen in Röntgenspektrum der Stärcke beim Baken und beim Altbackenwerden des Brotes. Study of the physico-chemistry of starch and bread. I. About the evolution of X-ray diffraction pattern of starch during bread cooking and staling. Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie 150, 3759.
Linnecar, K. E. M., Norton, G., Neale, R. J. & Blanshard, J. M. V. (1993) Bioavailability of raw starches-causes of granule resistance to ?-amylase attack. In Proceedings of ‘Bioavailability 93’, part 1, pp. 187190 [Schlemmer, U., editor]. Karlsruhe: B F E.
McBurney, M. I. (1991);. Passage of starch into the colon of humans: quantification and implications. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 69, 130136.
Molis, C., Champ, M., Flourie, B., Pellier, P., Bornet, F., Colonna, P., Kozlowski, F., Rambaud, J-C., Galmiche, J-P. (1992) Small intestinal digestibility of processed corn starches in healthy human subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, Suppl. 2, S131S132.
Prosky, L., Asp, N. G., Schweizer, T. F., DeVries, J. & Furda, I. (1988) Determination of insoluble, soluble and total dietary fiber in foods and food products: interlaboratory study. Journal of the Association of Oficial Analytical Chemists 71, 10171023.
Read, N. W., Al Janabi, M. N., Bates, T. E. & Barber, D. C. (1983) Effect of gastrointestinal intubation on the passage of a solid meal through the stomach and small intestine in humans. Gastroenterology 84, 15681572.
Ring, S. G., Gee, J. M., Whittam, M., Orford, P. & Johnson, I. T. (1988) Resistant starch: its chemical form in foodstuffs and effect on digestibility in vitro. Food Chemistry 28, 97109.
Stephen, A. M., Haddad, A. C. & Phillips, S. F. (1983) Passage of carbohydrate into the colon. Gastroenterology 85, 589595.
Sugimoto, Y., Fujita, S., Takaya, T. & Fuwa, H. (1980) In vivo digestion of banana starch granules. Starch 32, 209294.
Würsch, P., Del Vedovo, S. & Koellreutter, B. (1986) Cell structure and starch nature as key determinants of digestion rate of starch in legume. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 43, 2529.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed