1Henry JP (1988) Stress, salt and hypertension. Soc Sci Med 26, 293–302.
2Denton D (1982) The Hunger for Salt: An Anthropological, Physiological and Medical Analysis. New York: Springer-Verlag.
3Prior IA, Evans JG, Harvey HP, et al. (1968) Sodium intake and blood pressure in two Polynesian populations. N Engl J Med 279, 515–520.
4Bennett SA & Magnus P (1994) Trends in cardiovascular risk factors in Australia. Med J Aust 161, 519–527.
5World Health Organisation (2002) Reducing the Risks, Promoting Healthy Life, Geneva: WHO.
6Whitworth JA; (2003) 2003 World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Hypertension (ISH) statement on management of hypertension. J Hypertens 21, 1983–1992.
7Elliott P, Stamler J, Nichols R, et al. (1996) Intersalt revisited: further analyses of 24 hour sodium excretion and blood pressure within and across populations. Intersalt Cooperative Research Group. BMJ 312, 1249–1253.
8Law MR (1997) Epidemiologic evidence on salt and blood pressure. Am J Hypertens 10, 42S–45S.
9He FJ & MacGregor GA (2007) Salt, blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. Curr Opin Cardiol 22, 298–305.
10Suter PM, Sierro C & Vetter W (2002) Nutritional factors in the control of blood pressure and hypertension. Nutr Clin Care 5, 9–19.
12Bunker SJ, Colquhoun DM, Esler MD, et al. (2003) ‘Stress’ and coronary heart disease: psychosocial risk factors. National Heart Foundation of Australia position statement update. MJA 178, 272–276.
13Stricker EM (1980) The physiological basis of sodium appetite: a new look at the ‘depletion–repletion’ model. In Biological and Behavioral Aspects of Salt Intake, pp. 185–204 [Kare M, Fregly M and Bernard R, editors]. New York: Academic Press.
14Mattes RD (1997) The taste for salt in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 65, 692S–697S.
15Nicolaidis S (2008) Prenatal imprinting of postnatal specific appetites and feeding behavior. Metabolism 57, Suppl. 2, S22–S26.
16Chandrashekar J, Kuhn C, Oka Y, et al. (2010) The cells and peripheral representation of sodium taste in mice. Nature .
17Kumar P & Clark M (1994) Clinical Medicine, 3rd ed.London: Bailliere Tindall.
18Thorn G, Dorrance S & Day E (1942) Addison's disease: evaluation of synthetic desoxycorticosterone acetate therapy in 158 patients. Ann Intern Med 16, 1053–1096.
19Knoers N & Levtchenko EN (2008) Gitelman syndrome. Orphanet J Rare Dis 3, 22.
20Cruz DN, Shaer AJ, Bia MJ, et al. (2001) Gitelman's syndrome revisited: an evaluation of symptoms and health-related quality of life. Kidney Int 59, 710–717.
21Beauchamp GK, Bertino M, Burke D, et al. (1990) Experimental sodium depletion and salt taste in normal human volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr 51, 881–889.
22Birch LL (1999) Development of food preferences. Annu Rev Nutr 19, 41–62.
23Wise PM, Hansen JL, Reed DR, et al. (2007) Twin study of the heritability of recognition thresholds for sour and salty taste. Chem Senses 32, 749–754.
24Bertino M, Beauchamp GK & Engelman K (1986) Increasing dietary salt alters salt taste preference. Physiol Behav 38, 203–213.
25Bertino M, Beauchamp GK & Engelman K (1982) Long-term reduction in dietary sodium alters the taste of salt. Am J Clin Nutr 36, 1134–1144.
26Tilbrook AJ (2007) Neuropeptides, stress-related. In Encylopedia of Stress, 2nd ed., pp. 903–908 [Fink G, editor]. Oxford: Academic Press.
27Dobson H & Smith RF (1995) Stress and reproduction in farm-animals. J Reprod Fertil Suppl 49, 451–461.
28Turner AI, Hemsworth PH & Tilbrook AJ (2002) Susceptibility of reproduction in female pigs to impairment by stress and the role of the hypothalamo–pituitary–adrenal axis. Reprod Fertil Dev 14, 377–391.
29Turner AI, Hemsworth PH & Tilbrook AJ (2005) Susceptibility of reproduction in female pigs to impairment by stress or elevation of cortisol. Domest Anim Endocrinol 29, 398–410.
30Turner A & Tilbrook A (2006) Stress, cortisol and reproduction in female pigs. In Control of Pig Reproduction VII, Reproduction Supplement, , pp. 191–203 [Ashworth C and Kraeling R, editors]. Nottingham: Nottingham University Press.
31Turner AI, Canny BJ, Hobbs RJ, et al. (2002) Influence of sex and gonadal status of sheep on cortisol secretion in response to ACTH and on cortisol and LH secretion in response to stress: importance of different stressors. J Endocrinol 173, 113–122.
32Tilbrook AJ, Rivalland EA, Turner AI, et al. (2008) Responses of the hypothalamopituitary adrenal axis and the sympathoadrenal system to isolation/restraint stress in sheep of different adiposity. Neuroendocrinology 87, 193–205.
33Turner AI, Hosking BJ, Parr RA, et al. (2006) A sex difference in the cortisol response to tail docking and ACTH develops between 1 and 8 weeks of age in lambs. J Endocrinol 188, 443–449.
34Bourjeili N, Turner M, Stinner J, et al. (1995) Sympathetic nervous system influences salt appetite in four strains of rats. Physiol Behav 58, 437–443.
35Howell LA, Harris RBS, Clarke C, et al. (1999) The effects of restraint stress on intake of preferred and nonpreferred solutions in rodents. Physiol Behav 65, 697–704.
36Denton DA, Coghlan JP, Fei DT, et al. (1984) Stress, ACTH, salt intake and high blood pressure. Clin Exp Hypertens A6, 403–415.
37Denton DA, Blair-West JR, McBurnie MI, et al. (1999) Effect of adrenocorticotrophic hormone on sodium appetite in mice. Am J Physiol 277, R1033–R1040.
38Ely DE, Thoren P, Wiegand J, et al. (1987) Sodium appetite as well as 24-h variations of fluid balance, mean arterial pressure and heart rate in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive (WKY) rats, when on various sodium diets. Acta Physiol Scand 129, 81–92.
39Kuta CC, Bryant HU, Zabik JE, et al. (1984) Stress, endogenous opiods and salt intake. Appetite 5, 53–60.
40Leshem M, Maroun M & Del Canho S (1996) Sodium depletion and maternal separation in the suckling rat increase its salt intake when adult. Physiol Behav 59, 199–204.
41Ely D, Herman M, Ely L, et al. (2000) Sodium intake is increased by social stress and the Y chromosome and reduced by clonidine. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 278, R407–R412.
42Bensi N, Bertuzzi M, Armario A, et al. (1997) Chronic immobilization stress reduces sodium intake and renal excretion in rats. Physiol Behav 62, 1391–1396.
43Niebylski A, Bertuzzi M, Bensi N, et al. (2000) Renal excretion and saline intake during post-stress immobilization period in rats. Arch Physiol Biochem 108, 268–274.
44Light K (1992) Differential responses to salt intake–stress interactions. Relevance to hypertension. In Individual Differences in Cardiovascular Responses to Stress, [Turner J, editor]. New York: Plenum Press.
45Harshfield GA, Pulliam DA & Alpert BS (1991) Patterns of sodium-excretion during sympathetic nervous-system arousal. Hypertension 17, 1156–1160.
46Weisinger RS, Blair-West JR, Burns P, et al. (2000) The inhibitory effect of hormones associated with stress on Na appetite of sheep. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97, 2922–2927.
47Shade RE, Blair-West JR, Carey KD, et al. (2002) Ingestive responses to administration of stress hormones in baboons. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 282, R10–R18.
48De Castro e Silva E, Fregoneze JB & Johnson AK (2006) Corticotropin-releasing hormone in the lateral parabrachial nucleus inhibits sodium appetite in rats. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 290, R1136–R1141.
49Tarjan E & Denton D (1991) Sodium/water intake of rabbits following administration of hormones of stress. Brain Res Bull 26, 133–136.
50Weisinger RS, Denton DA, McKinley MJ, et al. (1978) ACTH induced sodium appetite in the rat. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 8, 339–342.
51Jankevicius ML & Widowski TM (2003) Exogenous adrenocorticotrophic hormone does not elicit a salt appetite in growing pigs. Physiol Behav 78, 277–284.
52Shelat SG, King JL, Flanagan-Cato LM, et al. (1999) Mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids cooperatively increase salt intake and angiotensin II receptor binding in rat brain. Neuroendocrinology 69, 339–351.
53Thunhorst RL, Beltz TG & Johnson AK (2007) Glucocorticoids increase salt appetite by promoting water and sodium excretion. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 293, R1444–R1451.
54Rowland NE, Farnbauch LJ & Crews EC (2004) Sodium deficiency and salt appetite in ICR: CD1 mice. Physiol Behav 80, 629–635.
55Geerling JC & Loewy AD (2008) Central regulation of sodium appetite. Exp Physiol 93, 177–209.
56Ma LY, McEwen BS, Sakai RR, et al. (1993) Glucocorticoids facilitate mineralocorticoid-induced sodium intake in the rat. Horm Behav 27, 240–250.
57Zhang DM, Epstein AN & Schulkin J (1993) Medial region of the amygdala: involvement in adrenal-steroid-induced salt appetite. Brain Res 600, 20–26.
58Sherwood L (2001) Human Physiology from Cells to Systems, 4th ed. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
59Oliver G, Wardle J & Gibson L (2000) Stress and food choice: a laboratory study. Psychosom Med 62, 853–865.
60Miller SB, Friese M, Dolgoy L, et al. (1998) Hostility, sodium consumption, and cardiovascular response to interpersonal stress. Psychosom Med 60, 71–77.
61Epel E, Lapidus R, McEwen B, et al. (2001) Stress may add bite to appetite in women: a laboratory study of stress-induced cortisol and eating behavior. Psychoneuroendocrinology 26, 37–49.
62Zellner DA, Loaiza S, Gonzalez Z, et al. (2006) Food selection changes under stress. Physiol Behav 87, 789–793.
63Oliver G & Wardle J (1999) Perceived effects of stress on food choice. Physiol Behav 66, 511–515.
64Torres SJ & Nowson CA (2007) Relationship between stress, eating behavior, and obesity. Nutrition 23, 887–894.
65Dallman MF, la Fleur SE, Pecoraro NC, et al. (2004) Minireview: glucocorticoids – food intake, abdominal obesity, and wealthy nations in 2004. Endocrinology 145, 2633–2638.
66Yeomans MR, Blundell JE & Leshem M (2004) Palatability: response to nutritional need or need-free stimulation of appetite? Br J Nutr 92, S3–S14.
67Blundell JE, Goodson S & Halford JCG (2001) Regulation of appetite: role of leptin in signalling systems for drive and satiety. Int J Obes 25, S29–S34.
68Levine AS & Billington CJ (1997) Why do we eat? A neural systems approach. Ann Rev Nutr 17, 597–619.
69Wong KS, Williamson PM, Brown MA, et al. (1993) Effects of cortisol on blood pressure and salt preference in normal humans. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 20, 121–126.
70World Health Organisation (2007) Reducing Salt Intake in Populations. Geneva: WHO.
71Intersalt Cooperative Research Group (1988) Intersalt: an international study of electrolyte excretion and blood pressure. Results for 24 hour urinary sodium and potassium excretion. Intersalt Cooperative Research Group. BMJ 297, 319–328.
72Beard TC, Woodward DR, Ball PJ, et al. (1997) The Hobart Salt Study 1995: few meet national sodium intake target. Med J Aust 166, 404–407.
73James WP, Ralph A & Sanchez-Castillo CP (1987) The dominance of salt in manufactured food in the sodium intake of affluent societies. Lancet 1, 426–429.