1Thang, NM & Popkin, BM (2003) In an era of economic growth, is inequity holding back reductions in child malnutrition in Vietnam? Asia Pacific J Clin Nutr 12, 405–410.
2Ministry of Health, National Institute of Nutrition (2012) National Nutrition Strategy for 2011–2020, with a Vision Towards 2030. Hanoi: Medical Publishing House.
3Khan, NC & Khoi, HH (2008) Double burden of malnutrition: the Vietnamese perspective. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17, 116–118.
4Ministry of Health, National Institute of Nutrition (2012) General Nutrition Survey 2009–2010. Hanoi: Medical Publishing House.
5Khan, NC, Tuyen Le, D, Ngoc, TX, et al. (2007) Reduction in childhood malnutrition in Vietnam from 1990 to 2004. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 16, 274–278.
6Durnin, JVGA & Womersley, J (1974) Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 17 to 72 years. Br J Nutr 32, 77–97.
7Grantham-McGregor, S (2007) Early child development in developing countries. Lancet 369, 824–825.
8Hunt, JM (2005) The potential impact of reducing global malnutrition on poverty reduction and economic development. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 14, 10–38, .
9Crookston, BT, Dearden, KA, Alder, SC, et al. (2011) Impact of early and concurrent stunting on cognition. Matern Child Nutr 7, 397–409.
10Martins, VJ, Toledo Florêncio, TM, Grillo, LP, et al. (2011) Long-lasting effects of under nutrition. Int J Environ Res Public Health 8, 1817–1846.
11Schaafsma, A, Deurenberg, P, Calame, W, et al. (2013) Design of the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS): a four country multi-stage cluster design study. Br J Nutr 110, S2–S10.
13WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group (2006) WHO Child Growth Standards: Length/height-for-age, Weight-for-age, Weight-for-length, Weight-for-height and Body Mass Index-for-age: Methods and Development. Geneva: WHO.
14Onis de, M, Onyango, AW, Borghi, E, et al. (2007) Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bull World Health Organ 85, 660–667.
15Khan, NC & Hoan, PV (2008) Vietnam recommended dietary allowances 2007. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17, Suppl. 2, 9–15.
17Turpeinen, U, Hohenthal, U & Stenman, UH (2003) Determination of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in serum by HPLC and immunoassay. Clin Chem 49, 1521–1524.
18WHO/UNICEF/UNU (2001) Iron Deficiency Anaemia: Assessment, Prevention, and Control. : WHO Geneva, .
19Thurnham, DI, McCabe, LD, Haldar, S, et al. (2010) Adjusting plasma ferritin concentrations to remove the effects of subclinical inflammation in the assessment of iron deficiency: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 92, 546–555.
20Pee de, S & Dary, O (2002) Biochemical indicators of vitamin A deficiency: serum retinol and serum retinol binding protein. J Nutr 132, 2895S–2901S.
21Mithal, A, Wahl, DA, Bonjour, JP, et al. (2009) Global vitamin D status and determinants of hypovitaminosis D. Osteoporos Int 20, 1807–1820.
22Greer, FR (2009) Recommended vitamin D intake in children: reasons for the recent increase. Consultant Pediatr 8, 323–329.
24Hop, LT, Gross, R, Giay, T, et al. (1997) Longitudinal observation of growth of Vietnamese children in Hanoi, Vietnam from birth to 10 years of age. Eur J Clin Nutr 51, 164–171.
25National Institute of Nutrition, General statistics office (2006) Nutritional Status of Children and Their Mothers in 2005. Annual Report. Hanoi: Medical Publishing House.
26Khoi, HH, Hop, LT, Hoa, PT, et al. (1993) The nutritional status, actual dietary food intake and some factors related to growth of children aged 1–60 months living in Hanoi (in Vietnamese). In Proceedings of the Scientific Workshop in the Year 1993. Hanoi: National Institute of Nutrition.
27Khoi, HH, Khan, NC, Nga, QL, et al. (1994) Study among mothers on the socio-cultural aspect of making decision in feeding the young children (in Vietnamese). In Proceedings of the Scientific Workshop in the Year 1993. Hanoi: National Institute of Nutrition.
28Khanh, LNB, Khoi, HH & Mai, LB (1992) Study on some factors affected the nutritional status of children living in similar socio-economic conditions in Hanoi city (in Vietnamese). In Proceedings of the Scientific Workshop in the Year 1993. Hanoi: National Institute of Nutrition.
29Trang, NH, Hong, TK & Dibley, MJ (2012) Cohort profile: Ho Chi Minh City Youth Cohor t– changes in diet, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and relationship with overweight/obesity in adolescents. BMJ Open 15, e000362.
30Ha Do, TP, Feskens, EJ, Deurenberg, P, et al. (2011) Nationwide shifts in the double burden of overweight and underweight in Vietnamese adults in 2000 and 2005: two national nutrition surveys. BMC Public Health 30, 11–62.
31Hong, TK, Dibley, MJ, Sibbritt, D, et al. (2007) Overweight and obesity are rapidly emerging among adolescents in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2002–2004. Int J Pediatr Obes 2, 194–201.
32Huard, P & Bigot, A (1938) .
34Grantham-McGregor, S (2002) Linear growth retardation and cognition. Lancet 359, 542.
35Best, C, Neufingerl, N, van Geel, L, et al. (2010) The nutritional status of school-aged children: why should we care? Food Nutr Bull 31, 400–417.
36Laillou, A, Pham, TV, Tran, NT, et al. (2012) Micronutrient deficits are still public health issues among women and young children in Vietnam. PLoS One 7, e34906.
37Khoi, HH (2001) Nutrition in the Period of Transition (in Vietnamese). Hanoi: Medical Publishing House.
38Van Nhien, N, Khan, NC, Ninh, NX, et al. (2008) Micronutrient deficiencies and anaemia among preschool children in rural Vietnam. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17, 48–55.
39Khan, NC, Huan, PV, Nhien, NV, et al. (2010) Relationship of serum carotenoids and retinol with anaemia among pre-school children in the northern mountainous region of Vietnam. Public Health Nutr 13, 1863–1869.
41Ho-Pham, LT, Nguyen, ND, Lai, TQ, et al. (2010) Vitamin D status and parathyroid hormone in a urban population in Vietnam. Osteoporos Int 22, 241–248.
42Bener, A, Al-Ali, M & Hoffmann, GF (2009) High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in young children in a highly sunny humid country: a global health problem. Minerva Pediatrica 61, 15–22.
43Khor, GL, Chee, WSS, Shariff, ZM, et al. (2011) High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and its association with BMI-for-age among primary school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. BMC Public Health 11, 95.
44. Br J Nutr 110, S21–S35.