1Joshipura, KJ, Hu, FB, Manson, JE, et al. (2001) The effect of fruit and vegetable intake on risk of coronary heart disease. Ann Intern Med 134, 1106–1114.
2Fung, TT, Stampfer, MJ, Manson, JE, Rexrode, KM, Willett, WC & Hu, FB (2004) Prospective study of major dietary patterns and stroke risk in women. Stroke 35, 2014–2019.
3Manach, C, Mazur, A & Scalbert, A (2005) Polyphenols and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Curr Opin Lipidol 16, 77–84.
4Castellani, W (2004) Metabolic and nutritional aspects of the atherogenic atypical lipoproteins: lipoprotein(a), remnant lipoproteins, and oxidized low-density lipoprotein. Nutr Res 24, 681–693.
5Folts, JD (2002) Potential health benefits from the flavonoids in grape products on vascular disease. In Flavonoids in Cell Function, pp. 95–111 [Buslig, B and Manthey, J, editors]. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishing.
6Keevil, JG, Osman, HE, Reed, JD & Folts, JD (2000) Grape juice, but not orange juice or grapefruit juice, inhibits human platelet aggregation. J Nutr 130, 53–56.
7Reed, J (2002) Cranberry flavonoids, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 42, 301–316.
8Kurowska, EM & Manthey, JA (2004) Hypolipidemic effects and absorption of citrus polymethoxylated flavones in hamsters with diet-induced hypercholesterolemia. J Agric Food Chem 52, 2879–2886.
9Zern, TL, West, KL & Fernandez, ML (2003) Grape polyphenols decrease plasma triglycerides and cholesterol accumulation in the aorta of ovariectomized guinea pigs. J Nutr 133, 2268–2272.
10Dufresne, CJ & Farnworth, ER (2001) A review of latest findings on the health promotion properties of tea. J Nutr Biochem 12, 404–421.
11Steinberg, FM, Bearden, MM & Keen, CL (2003) Cocoa and chocolate flavonoids: implications for cardiovascular health. J Am Diet Assoc 103, 215–223.
12Kris-Etherton, P & Keen, C (2002) Evidence for the antioxidant flavonoids in tea and cocoa are beneficial for cardiovascular health. Curr Opin Lipidol 13, 41–49.
13Kalt, W, MacKinnon, S, McDonald, J, Vinquist, M, Craft, C & Howell, A (2007) .
14Eck, P (1988) Blueberry Science, p. 81. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
15Joseph, JA, Shukitt-Hale, B & Casadesus, G (2005) Reversing the deleterious effects of aging on neuronal communication and behavior: beneficial properties of fruit polyphenolic compounds. Am J Clin Nutr 81, Suppl. 1, 313S–316S.
16Willis, L, Bickford, P, Zaman, V, Moore, A & Granholm, A-C (2005) Blueberry extract enhances survival of neural transplants of intra-ocular hippocampal transplants. Cell Transplant 14, 213–223.
17Turk, JR & Laughlin, MH (2004) Physical activity and atherosclerosis: which animal model? Can J Appl Physiol 29, 657–683.
18Moghadasian, MH, Frolich, JJ & McManum, BM (2001) Advances in experimental dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis. Lab Invest 81, 1173–1183.
19Goodman, S (1999) Sheep, pig and human-material interactions with model cardiovascular materials. J Biomed Mater Res 45, 240–250.
20Kerckhoffs, DAJM, Brouns, F, Hornstra, G & Mensink, RP (2002) Effects on the human serum lipoprotein profile of β-glucan, soy protein and isoflavones, plant sterols and stanols, garlic and tocotrienols. J Nutr 132, 2494–2502.
21Subcommittee on Swine Nutrition, Committee in Animal Nutrition & National Research Council (1998) Nutrient Requirements of Swine, 10th revised ed.Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
22Kalt, W & McDonald, JE (1996) Chemical composition of lowbush blueberry cultivars. J Am Soc Hort Sci 121, 142–146.
23Prior, RL, Cao, G, Martin, A, et al. (1998) Antioxidant capacity is influenced by total phenolic and anthocyanin content, maturity and variety of Vaccinium species. J Agric Food Chem 46, 2686–2693.
24Singleton, VL & Rossi, JA (1965) Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. Am J Enol Vitic 16, 144–158.
25Lee, J, Durst, RW & Wrolstad, RE (2005) Determination of total monomeric anthocyanin pigment content of fruit juices, natural colorants, and wines, by the pH differential method: collaborative study. J AOAC Int 88, 1269–1278.
26Batel, R, Jakšić, Ž, Bihari, N, Hamer, B, Fafandel, M, Chauvin, C, Schröder, HC, Müller, WEG & Zahn, RF (1999) A microplate assay for DNA damage determination (Fast Micromethod) in cell suspensions and solid tissues. Anal Biochem 270, 195–200.
27Vinson, JA, Proch, J & Pratima, B (1999) Determination of the quantity and quality of polyphenol antioxidants in foods and beverages. Methods Enzymol 335, 103–114.
28Payne, RW (2003) The Guide to GenStat® Release 7.1; Statistics. Oxford, UK: VSN International Ltd.
29Kuller, LH (2006) Cholesterol, lipid and cardiovascular disease. Nutr Rev 64, S15–S26.
30Franco, V & Oparil, S (2006) Salt sensitivity, a determinant of blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and survival. J Am Coll Nutr 25, 247S–255S.
31Gaby, AR (2005) Adverse effects of dietary fructose. Altern Med Rev 10, 294–306.
32Tsuda, T, Horio, F, Uchida, K, Aoki, H & Osawa, T (2003) Dietary cyanidin 3-O-β-d-glucoside-rich purple corn color prevents obesity and ameliorates hyperglycemia in mice. J Nutr 133, 2125–2130.
33Tsuda, T, Ueno, Y, Aoki, H, Koda, T, Horio, F, Takahashi, N, Kawada, T & Osawa, T (2004) Anthocyanin enhances adipocytokine secretion and adipocyte-specific gene expression in isolated rat adipocytes. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 316, 149–157.
34Jayaprakasam, B, Vareed, SK, Olsen, LK & Nair, MG (2005) Insulin secretion by bioactive anthocyanins and anthocyanidins present in fruits. J Agric Food Chem 53, 28–31.
35Manach, C, Williamson, G, Morand, C, Scalbert, A & Remesy, C (2005) Bioavailability and bioefficacy of polyphenols in humans. I. Review of 97 bioavailability studies. Am J Clin Nutr 81, 230S–242S.
36Morazzoni, P & Magistretti, MJ (1990) Activity of Myrtocyan®, an anthocyanoside complex from Vaccinium myrtillus (VMA), on platelet aggregation and adhesiveness. Fitoterapia 61, 13–21.
37Hubbard, GP, Wolffram, S, Lovegrove, JA & Gibbins, JM (2003) The role of polyphenolic compounds in the diet as inhibitors of platelet function. Proc Nutr Soc 62, 469–478.
38Jenkins, DJ, Kendall, CW, Marchie, A, et al. (2005) Direct comparison of a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods with a statin in hypercholesterolemic participants. Am J Clin Nutr 81, 380–387.