H Adlercreutz , E Hamalainen & S Gorbach (1993) Dietary phyto-oestrogens and the menopause in Japan. Lancet 342 1209–1210.
A Arora , MG Nair & GM Strasburg (1998) Antioxidant activities of isoflavones and their biological metabolites in a liposomal system. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 356 133–141.
GE Arteel , K Briviba & H Sies (1999) Protection against peroxynitrite by cocoa polyphenol oligomers. FEBS Letters 445 226–230.
S Azumi , A Tanimura & K Tanamoto (1997) A novel inhibitor of bacterial endotoxin derived from cinnamon bark. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 234 506–510.
CS Baker , RJ Hall , TJ Evans , A Pomerance , J Maclouf , C Creminon , MH Yacoub & JM Polak (1999) Cyclooxygenase-2 is widely expressed in atherosclerotic lesions affecting native and transplanted human coronary arteries and colocalizes with inducible nitric oxide synthase and nitrotyrosine particularly in macrophages. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 19 646–655.
L Boring , J Gosling , M Cleary & IF Charo (1998) Decreased lesion formation in CCR2-/- mice reveals a role for chemokines in the initiation of atherosclerosis. Nature 394 894–897.
P Chomczynski & N Sacchi (1987) Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction. Annals of Biochemistry 162 156–159.
SJ Duffy , JA Vita , M Holbrook , PL Swerdloff & JF Keaney (2001) Effect of acute and chronic tea consumption on platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 21 1084–1089.
GH Gibbons & VJ Dzau (1996) Molecular Therapies For Vascular Diseases. Science 272 689–693.
Q Guo , G Rimbach , H Moini , S Weber & L Packer (2002) ESR and cell culture studies on free radical-scavenging and antioxidant activities of isoflavonoids. Toxicology 179 171–180.
CL Holder , MI Church well & DR Doerge (1999) Quantification of soy isoflavones, genistein and daidzein, and conjugates in rat blood using LC/ES-MS. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47 3764–3770.
LJ Ignarro (1994) Regulation of cytosolic guanylyl cyclase by porphyrins and metalloporphyrins. Advances in Pharmacology 26 35–65.
L Iuliano , JZ Pedersen , D Pratico , G Rotilio & F Violi (1994) Role of hydroxyl radicals in the activation of human platelets. European Journal of Biochemistry 221 695–704.
S Kapiotis , N Herrmann , I Held , C Seelos , H Ehringer & BMK Gmeiner (1997) Genistein, the dietary-derived angiogenesis inhibitor, prevents LDL oxidation and protects endothelial cells from damage by atherogenic LDL. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 17 2868–2874.
N Kerry & M Abbey (1998) The isoflavone genistein inhibits copper and peroxyl radical mediated low density lipoprotein oxidation in vitro. Atherosclerosis 140 341–347.
MC Kowala , R Recce , S Beyer , C Gu & M Valentine (2000) Characterization of atherosclerosis in LDL receptor knockout mice: macrophage accumulation correlates with rapid and sustained expression of aortic MCP-1/JE. Atherosclerosis 149 323–330.
R Landolfi , RL Mower & M Steiner (1984) Modification of platelet function and arachidonic acid metabolism by bioflavonoids. Structure-activity relations. Biochemical Pharmacology 33 1525–1530.
JA Mitchell , S Larkin & TJ Williams (1995) Cyclooxygenase-2: regulation and relevance in inflammation. Biochemical Pharmacology 50 1535–1542.
NA Nelken , SR Coughlin , D Gordon & JN Wilcox (1991) Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in human atheromatous plaques. Journal of Clinical Investigation 88 1121–1127.
YC Park , G Rimbach , C Saliou , G Valacchi & L Packer (2000) Activity of monomeric, dimeric, and trimeric flavonoids on NO production, TNF-alpha secretion, and NF-kappa B-dependent gene expression in RAW 264·7 macrophages. FEBS Letters 465 93–97.
AW Poole & SP Watson (1995) Regulation of cytosolic calcium by collagen in single human platelets. British Journal of Pharmacology 115 101–106.
G Rimbach , YP Park , Q Guo , H Moini , C Saliou , K Takayama , F Virgili , F Qureshi & L Packer (2000 a) Nitric oxide synthesis and TNF-alpha secretion in RAW 264·7 macrophages: Mode of action of a fermented papaya preparation. Life Sciences 67 679–694.
G Rimbach , G Valacchi , R Canali & F Virgili (2000 b) Macrophages stimulated with IFN-gamma activate NF-kB and induce MCP-1 gene expression in primary human endothelial cells. Molecular and Cell Biology Research Communications 3 238–242.
F Sheu , HH Lai & GC Yen (2001) Suppression effect of soy isoflavones on nitric oxide production in RAW 264·7 macrophages. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49 1767–1772.
F Tedesco , F Fischetti , M Pausa , A Dobrina , RB Sim & MR Daha (1999) Complement-endothelial cell interactions: pathophysiological implications. Molecular Immunology 36 261–268.
MZ Vitolins , M Anthony & GL Burke (2001) Soy protein isoflavones, lipids and arterial disease. Current Opinions in Lipidology 12 433–437.
H Wei , R Bowen , Q Cai , S Barnes & Y Wang (1995) Antioxidant and anti-promotional effects of the soybean isoflavone genistein. Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biology 208 124–130.
S Ylä-Herttuala , BA Lipton , ME Rosenfeld , T Särkioja , T Yoshimura , EJ Leonard , JL Witztum & D Steinberg (1991) Expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 in macrophage-rich areas of human and rabbit atherosclerotic lesions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 88 5252–5256.