This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1 J Plutzky (2004) Inflammation in atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus. Rev Endocr Metab Disord 5, 255–259.
2 FB Hu , JB Meigs , TY Li , N Rifai & JE Manson (2004) Inflammatory markers and risk of developing type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes 53, 693–700.
3 BB Duncan , MI Schmidt , JS Pankow , CM Ballantyne , D Couper , A Vigo , R Hoogeveen , AR Folsom & G Heiss (2003) Low-grade systemic inflammation and the development of type 2 diabetes: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study. Diabetes 52, 1799–1805.
4 KS Polonsky (2006) Retinol-binding protein 4, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med 354, 2596–2598.
5 Q Qi , Z Yu , X Ye , (2007) Elevated retinol-binding protein 4 levels are associated with metabolic syndrome in Chinese people. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92, 4827–4834.
6 P Balagopal , TE Graham , BB Kahn , A Altomare , V Funanage & D George (2007) Reduction of elevated serum retinol binding protein in obese children by lifestyle intervention: association with subclinical inflammation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92, 1971–1974.
8 LT Bloedon & PO Szapary (2004) Flaxseed and cardiovascular risk. Nutr Rev 62, 18–27.
9 H Si & D Liu (2007) Phytochemical genistein in the regulation of vascular function: new insights. Curr Med Chem 14, 2581–2589.
10 MS Kurzer & X Xu (1997) Dietary phytoestrogens. Annu Rev Nutr 17, 353–381.
11 J Hallund , I Tetens , S Bugel , T Tholstrup & JM Bruun (2008) The effect of a lignan complex isolated from flaxseed on inflammation markers in healthy postmenopausal women. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18, 497–502.
13 E Nikander , M Metsa-Heikkila , A Tiitinen & O Ylikorkala (2003) Evidence of a lack of effect of a phytoestrogen regimen on the levels of C-reactive protein, E-selectin, and nitrate in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88, 5180–5185.
14 R D'Anna , G Baviera , F Corrado , F Cancellieri , A Crisafulli & F Squadrito (2005) The effect of the phytoestrogen genistein and hormone replacement therapy on homocysteine and C-reactive protein level in postmenopausal women. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 84, 474–477.
17 A Pan , J Sun , Y Chen , (2007) Effects of a flaxseed-derived lignan supplement in type 2 diabetic patients: a randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial. PLoS ONE 2, e1148.
19 J Faintuch , LM Horie , HV Barbeiro , DF Barbeiro , FG Soriano , RK Ishida & I Cecconello (2007) Systemic inflammation in morbidly obese subjects: response to oral supplementation with alpha-linolenic acid. Obes Surg 17, 341–347.
20 L Azadbakht , S Atabak & A Esmaillzadeh (2008) Soy protein intake, cardiorenal indices, and C-reactive protein in type 2 diabetes with nephropathy: a longitudinal randomized clinical trial. Diabetes Care 31, 648–654.
21 L Azadbakht , M Kimiagar , Y Mehrabi , A Esmaillzadeh , FB Hu & WC Willett (2007) Soy consumption, markers of inflammation, and endothelial function: a cross-over study in postmenopausal women with the metabolic syndrome. Diabetes Care 30, 967–973.
22 S Dodin , SC Cunnane , B Masse , (2008) Flaxseed on cardiovascular disease markers in healthy menopausal women: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Nutrition 24, 23–30.
23 LT Bloedon , S Balikai , J Chittams , (2008) Flaxseed and cardiovascular risk factors: results from a double blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. J Am Coll Nutr 27, 65–74.
25 DJ Jenkins , CW Kendall , PW Connelly , CJT Jackson , T Parker , D Faulkner & E Vidgen (2002) Effects of high- and low-isoflavone (phytoestrogen) soy foods on inflammatory biomarkers and proinflammatory cytokines in middle-aged men and women. Metabolism 51, 919–924.
27 TW Ng , GF Watts , PH Barrett , KA Rye & DC Chan (2007) Effect of weight loss on LDL and HDL kinetics in the metabolic syndrome: associations with changes in plasma retinol-binding protein-4 and adiponectin levels. Diabetes Care 30, 2945–2950.