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Effects of high-oleic peanuts within a hypoenergetic diet on inflammatory and oxidative status of overweight men: a randomised controlled trial

  • Ana Paula Silva Caldas (a1), Raquel Duarte Moreira Alves (a1), Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff (a1), Leandro Licursi de Oliveira (a2) and Josefina Bressan (a1)...

Abstract

The consumption of food with MUFA has been associated with improvement of inflammation and oxidative stress in overweight individuals. In the present study, we evaluate the effect of high-oleic peanut intake within a hypoenergetic diet on inflammatory and oxidative status markers in overweight men. Sixty-four overweight men (BMI 26–35 kg/m2, 18–50 years old) participated in this randomised controlled study for 4 weeks, allocated into three groups: control (CT, n 22), conventional peanut (CVP, n 21) and high-oleic peanut (HOP, n 21). They followed a hypoenergetic diet (−250 kcal/d; −1045 kJ/d) with or without 56 g of high-oleic or conventional peanuts. After the intervention, the inflammatory markers did not show significant changes in fasting concentrations or postprandial response among the experimental groups (P > 0·05). The activity of oxidative status markers remained unchanged after the intervention. However, in the CT, malondialdehyde showed lower concentration in comparison with the baseline (P = 0·020) and among the groups (P = 0·002). In the present study, the daily intake of high-oleic peanuts within a hypoenergetic diet did not modify the inflammatory markers and oxidative status in overweight men. More studies are needed to better understand the effect of high-oleic peanut intake on health outcomes.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Ana Paula Silva Caldas, email paulacaldas06@hotmail.com

References

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Keywords

Effects of high-oleic peanuts within a hypoenergetic diet on inflammatory and oxidative status of overweight men: a randomised controlled trial

  • Ana Paula Silva Caldas (a1), Raquel Duarte Moreira Alves (a1), Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff (a1), Leandro Licursi de Oliveira (a2) and Josefina Bressan (a1)...

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