Age-Related Eye, Disease Study & Research Group (2001) A randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of high-dose supplementation with vitamins C and E, beta carotene, and zinc for age-related macular degeneration and vision loss: AREDS report no. 8. Arch Opthalmol 119, 1417–1436.
Age-Related Eye, Disease Study & Research Group (2002) The effect of five-year zinc supplementation on serum zinc, serum cholesterol and hematocrit in persons randomly assigned to treatment group in the age-related eye disease study: AREDS report no. 7. J Nutr 132, 697–702.
Andriollo-Sanchez, M, Hininger-Favier, I & Meunier, N (2005) Zinc intake and status in middle-aged and older European subjects: the ZENITH study. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, S37–S41.
Arnaud, J, Bellanger, J, Bienvenu, F, Chappuis, P & Favier, A (1986) Recommended method for assaying serum zinc with flame atomic absorption. Ann Biol Clin (Paris) 44, 77–87.
Bhatnagar, S & Taneja, S (2001) Zinc and cognitive development. Br J Nutr 85, Suppl., S139–S145.
Black, MM (1998) Zinc deficiency and child development. Am J Clin Nutr 68, 464S–469S.
Blumberg, J (1997) Nutritional needs of seniors. J Am Coll Nutr 16, 517–523.
Briefel, RR, Bialostosky, K, Kennedy-Stephenson, J, McDowell, MA, Ervin, RB & Wright, JD (2000) Zinc intake of the U.S. population: findings from the third national health and nutrition examination survey, 1988–1994. J Nutr 130 1367S – 1373S
Calvaresi, E & Bryan, J (2001) B vitamins, cognition, and aging: a review. J Gerontol 56, P327–P339.
Canter, PH & Ernst, E (2004) Herbal supplement use by persons aged over 50 years in Britain: frequently used herbs, concomitant use of herbs, nutritional supplements and prescription drugs, rate of informing doctors and potential for negative interactions. Drugs Aging 21, 597–605.
De Luca, CR, Wood, J, Anderson, V, Buchanan, J-A, Proffitt, TM, Mahony, K & Pantelis, C (2003) Normative data from the Cantab. I: development of executive function over the lifespan. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 25, 242–254.
Elliott, R & Sahakian, BJ (1995) The neuropsychology of schizophrenia: relations with clinical and neurobiological dimensions. Psychol Med 25, 581–594.
Fernstrom, JD (2000) Can nutrient supplements modify brain function?. Am J Clin Nutr 71 1669S – 1673S
Folstein, MF, Folstein, SF & McHugh, PR (1975) “Mini-Mental State”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatr Res 12, 189–198.
Food and Nutrition BoardFood and Nutrition Board (2000) Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc Washington, DC National Academy Press
Food and Nutrition BoardFood and Nutrition Board (1989) Recommended Dietary Allowances 10th ed Washington, DC National Academy Press
Fray, PJ & Robbins, TW (1996) CANTAB battery: proposed utility in neurotoxicology. Neurotoxicol Teratol 18, 499–504.
Fray, PJ, Robbins, TW & Sahakian, BJ (1996) Neuropsychiatyric applications of CANTAB. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 11, 329–336.
Hambidge, M (2000) Human zinc deficiency. J Nutr 130, 1344S–1349S.
Joyal, CC, Lalonde, R, Vikis-Freibergs, V & Botez, MI (1993) Are age-related behavioral disorders improved by folate administration?. Exp Aging Res 19, 367–376.
Kiely, M, Flynn, A, Harrington, KE, Robson, PJ, O'Connor, N, Hannon, EM, O'Brien, MM, Bell, S & Strain, JJ (2001) The efficacy and safety of nutritional supplement use in a representative sample of adults in the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey. Public Health Nutr 4, 1089–1097.
Louis, WJ, Mander, AG, Dawson, M, O'Callaghan, C & Conway, EL (1999) Use of computerized neuropsychological tests (CANTAB) to assess cognitive effects of antihypertensive drugs in the elderly. J Hypertens 17, 1813–1819.
Lowe, C & Rabbitt, P (1998) Test/re-test reliability of the CANTAB and ISPOCD neuropsychological batteries: theoretical and practical issues. Neuropsychologia 36, 915–923.
Luciana, M & Nelson, CA (2002) Assessment of neuropsychological function through use of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Testing Automated Battery (CANTAB): performance in 4- to 12-year-old children. Dev Neuropsychol 22, 595–624.
Ma, J & Betts, NM (2000) Zinc and copper intakes and their major food sources for older adults in the 1994–96 continuing survey of food intakes by individuals (CSFII). J Nutr 130, 2838–2843.
McClain, CJ, McClain, M, Barve, S & Boosalis, MG (2002) Trace metals and the elderly. Clin Geriatr Med 18, 801–818.
McDaniel, MA, Maier, SF & Einstein, GO (2002) “Brain-specific” nutrients: a memory cure?. Psychol Sci Public Interest 3, 12–38.
Masaki, KH, Losonczy, KG, Izmirlian, G, Foley, DJ, Ross, GW, Petrovitch, H, Havlik, R & White, LR (2000) Association of vitamin E and C supplement use with cognitive function and dementia in elderly men. Neurology 54, 1265–1272.
Milner, B (1971) Interhemispheric differences in the localization of psychological processes in man. Br Med Bull 27, 272–277.
Mocchegiani, E, Bertoni-Freddari, C, Marcellini, F & Malavolta, M (2005) Brain, aging and neurodegeneration: role of zinc ion availability. Prog Neurobiol 75, 367–390.
Morris, RG, Evenden, JL, Sahakian, BJ & Robbins, TW (1986) Computer-aided assessment of dementia: comparative studies of neuropsychological deficits in Alzheimer-type dementia and Parkinson's disease. In Cognitive Neurochemistry, 21–36 [Stahl, SM, Iverson, SD, Goodman, EC, editors]. OxfordOxford University Press.
Ortega, RM, Requejo, AM, Andrés, P, López-Sobaler, AM, Quintas, ME, Redondo, MR, Navia, B & Rivas, T (1997) Dietary intake and cognitive function in a group of elderly people. Am J Clin Nutr 66, 803–809.
Owen, AM, Downes, JJ, Sahakian, BJ, Polkey, CE & Robbins, TW (1990) Planning and spatial working memory following frontal lobe lesions in man. Neuropsychologia 28, 1021–1034.
Owen, AM, Morris, RG, Sahakian, BJ, Polkey, CE & Robbins, TW (1996) Double dissociations of memory and executive functions in working memory tasks following frontal lobe excisions, temporal lobe excisions or amygdalo-hippocampectomy in man. Brain 119, 1597–1615.
Penland, JG (2000) Behavioral data and methodology issues in studies of zinc nutrition in humans. J Nutr 130 361S – 364S
Pepersack, T, Rotsaert, P, Benoit, F, Willems, D, Fuss, M, Bourdoux, P & Duchateau, J (2001) Prevalence of zinc deficiency and its clinical relevance among hospitalised elderly. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 33, 243–253.
Polito, A, Meunier, N, Andriollo-Sanchez, M (2005) Screening and recruitment procedure of late-middle aged and older subjects: the ZENITH study. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, S8–S12.
Prasad, AS, Fitzgerald, JT, Hess, JW, Kaplan, J, Pelen, F & Dardenne, M (1993) Zinc deficiency in elderly patients. Nutrition 9, 218–224.
Rabbitt, P & Lowe, C (2000) Patterns of cognitive ageing. Psychol Res 63, 308–316.
Robbins, TW, James, M, Owen, AM, Sahakian, BJ, Lawrence, AD, McInnes, L & Rabbitt, PMA (1998) A study of performance on tests from the CANTAB battery sensitive to frontal lobe dysfunction in a large sample of normal volunteers: implications for theories of executive function and cognitive aging. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 4, 474–490.
Robbins, TW, James, M, Owen, AM, Sahakian, BJ, McInnes, L & Rabbitt, P (1994) Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB): a factor analytic study of a large sample of normal elderly volunteers. Dementia 5, 266–281.
Robbins, TW, James, M, Owen, AM, Sahakian, BJ, McInnes, L & Rabbitt, P (1997) A neural systems approach to the cognitive psychology of ageing using the CANTAB battery. In Methodology of Frontal and Executive Function, pp. 215–238 [Rabbitt, P, editors]. Hove, East Sussex: Psychology Press.
Sahakian, BJ & Owen, AM (1992) Computerised assessment in neuropsychiatry using CANTAB. J Roy Soc Med 85, 399–402.
Salgueiro, MJ, Zubillaga, MB, Lysionek, AE, Caro, RA, Weill, R & Boccio, JR (2002) The role of zinc in the growth and development of children. Nutrition 18, 510–519.
Salgueiro, MJ, Zubillaga, M, Lysionek, A, Sarabia, MI, Caro, R, De Paoli, T, Hager, A, Weill, R & Boccio, J (2000) Zinc as an essential micronutrient: a review. Nutr Res 20, 737–755.
Sandstead, HH (2000) Causes of iron and zinc deficiencies and their effects on brain. J Nutr 130 347S – 349S
Sandstead, HH (2003) Zinc is essential for brain development and function. J Trace Elem Exp Med 16, 165–173.
Schmuck, A, Roussel, AM, Arnaud, J, Ducros, V, Favier, A & Franco, A (1996) Analyzed dietary intakes, plasma concentrations of zinc, copper, and selenium, and related antioxidant enzyme activities in hospitalized elderly women. J Am Coll Nutr 15, 462–468.
Semple, J & Link, CGG (1991) CANTAB Parallel Battery: a suitable tool for investigating drug effects on cognition. Soc Neurosci Abstr 273, 2
Takeda, A (2000) Movement of zinc and its functional significance in the brain. Brain Res Rev 34, 137–148.
Vitoux, D, Arnaud, J & Chappuis, P (1999) Are copper, zinc and selenium in erythrocytes valuable biological indexes of nutrition and pathology?. J Trace Elem Med Biol 13, 113–128.
Yaffe, K, Clemons, TE, McBee, WL & Lindblad, AS (2004) Impact of antioxidants, zinc, and copper on cognition in the elderly: a randomized, controlled trial. Neurology 63, 1705–1707.
Yesavage, JA, Brink, TL, Rose, TL, Lum, O, Huang, V, Adey, M & Leirer, VO (1983) Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report. J Psychiatr Res 17, 37–49.