1Bellisle, F, Rolland-Cachera, MF & Kellogg Scientific Advisory Committee ‘Child and Nutrition’ (2000) Three consecutive (1993,1995,1997) surveys of food intake, nutritional attitudes and knowledge, and lifestyle in 1000 French children, aged 9–11 years. J Hum Nutr Diet 13, 101–111.
2Cooke, L & Wardle, J (2005) Age and gender differences in children's food preferences. Br J Nutr 93, 741–746.
3Diehl, JM (1999) Food preferences of 10- to 14-year-old boys and girls. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 129, 151–161.
4Skinner, JD, Caruth, BR, Bounds, W & Zeigler, PJ (2002 b) Children's food preferences: a longitudinal analysis. J Am Diet Assoc 102, 1638–1647.
5Ton Nu, C, MacLeod, P & Barthelemy, J (1996) Effects of age and gender on adolescents' food habits and preferences. Food Qual Preferences 7, 251–262.
6Wardle, J, Guthrie, CA, Sanderson, S, Birch, LL & Plomin, R (2001 a) Food and activity preferences in children of lean and obese parents. Int J Obes 25, 977.
7Perez-Rodrigo, C, Ribas, L, Serra-Majem, L & Aranceta, J (2003) Food preferences of Spanish children and young people: the enKid study. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, Suppl. 1, S45–S48.
8Beauchamp, GK & Moran, M (1982) Dietary experience and sweet taste preference in human infants. Appetite 3, 139–152.
9Desor, JA, Maller, O & Turner, RE (1973) Taste in acceptance of sugars by human infants. J Comp Physiol Psychol 3, 496–501.
10Desor, JA, Maller, O & Turner, RE (1977) Preference for sweet in humans: infants, children, and adults. In Taste and Development: the Genesis of Sweet Preference, pp. 161–172 [Weiffenbach, JM, editor]. US Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.
11Desor, JA, Maller, O & Andrews, K (1975) Ingestive responses of human newborns to salty, sour, and bitter stimuli. J Comp Physiol Psychol 89, 966–970.
12Steiner, JE (1979) Facial expressions of the neonate infant indicating the hedonics of food related stimuli. In Taste and Development: the Genesis of Sweet Preference, pp. 173–189 [Weiffenbach, JM, editor]. US Department of Health and Human Sciences: Washington, DC.
13Rozin, P & Schiller, D (1980) The nature and acquisition of a preference for chili pepper by humans. Motiv Emotion 4, 77–101.
14Harris, G, Thomas, A & Booth, DA (1990) Development of salt taste preference in infancy. Dev Psychol 26, 534–538.
15Beauchamp, GK, Bachmanov, A & Stein, LJ (1998) Development and genetics of glutamate taste preference. Ann N Y Acad Sci 855, 412–416.
16Beauchamp, GK & Pearson, P (1991) Human development and umami taste. Physiol Behav 49, 1009–1012.
17Vazquez, M, Pearson, PB & Beauchamp, GK (1982) Flavor preferences in malnourished Mexican infants. Physiol Behav 28, 513–519.
18Birch, LL, McPhee, L, Steinberg, L & Sullivan, S (1990 a) Conditioned flavor preferences in young children. Physiol Behav 47, 501–505.
19Birch, LL (1992) Children's preferences for high-fat foods. Nutr Rev 50, 249–255.
20Gibson, EL & Wardle, J (2003) Energy density predicts preferences for fruit and vegetables in 4 year-old children. Appetite 41, 97–98.
21Booth, DA, Mather, P & Fuller, J (1982) Starch content of ordinary foods associatively conditions human appetite and satiation, indexed by intake and eating pleasantness of starch-paired flavours. Appetite 3, 163–184.
22Birch, LL, McPhee, L, Steinberg, L & Sullivan, S (1990 b) Conditioned flavor preferences in young children. Physiol Behav 47, 501–505.
23Johnson, SL, McPhee, L & Birch, LL (1991) Conditioned preferences: young children prefer flavors associated with high dietary fat. Physiol Behav 50, 1245–1251.
24McFarlane, T & Pliner, P (1997) Increasing willingness to taste novel foods: effects of nutrition and taste information. Appetite 28, 227–238.
25Birch, LL (1979) Dimensions of preschool children's food preferences. J Nutr Educ 11, 77–80.
26Pliner, P & Stallberg-White, C (2000) “Pass the ketchup, please”: familiar flavors increase children's willingness to taste novel foods. Appetite 34, 95–103.
27Galef, BG Jr (1996) Food selection: problems in understanding how we choose foods to eat. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 20, 67–73.
28Visalberghi, E & Addessi, E (2000) Seeing group members eating a familiar food enhances the acceptance of novel foods in capuchin monkeys. Anim Behav 60, 69–76.
29Addessi, E, Galloway, AT, Visalberghi, E & Birch, LL (2005) Specific social influences on the acceptance of novel foods in 2–5-year-old children. Appetite 45, 264–271.
30Birch, LL, Billman, J & Richards, SS (1984) Time of day influences food acceptability. Appetite 5, 109–116.
31Wardle, J, Sanderson, S, Gibson, EL & Rapoport, L (2001 b) Factor-analytic structure of food preferences in four-year-old children in the UK. Appetite 37, 217–223.
32Cooke, L, Wardle, J, Gibson, EL, Sapochnik, M, Sheiham, A & Lawson, M (2004) Demographic, familial and trait predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption by preschool children. Public Health Nutr 7, 295–302.
33Cooke, L, Carnell, S & Wardle, J (2006) Food neophobia and mealtime food consumption in 4–5 year old children. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 6, 3–14.
34Galloway, AT, Lee, Y & Birch, LL (2003) Predictors and consequences of food neophobia and pickiness in young girls. J Am Diet Assoc 103, 692–698.
35Jacobi, C, Agras, WS, Bryson, S, et al. (2003) Behavioural validation, precursors and concomitants of picky eating in childhood. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42, 76–84.
36Galloway, AT, Fiorito, L, Lee, Y & Birch, LL (2005) Parental pressure, dietary patterns, and weight status among girls who are “picky eaters”. J Am Diet Assoc 105, 541–548.
37Carruth, BR, Skinner, J, Houck, J, Moran, J 3rd, Coletta, F & Ott, D (1998) The phenomenon of “picky eater”: a behavioral marker in eating patterns of toddlers. J Am Coll Nutr 17, 180–186.
38Carruth, BR, Ziegler, PJ, Gordon, A & Barr, SI (2004) Prevalence of picky eaters among infants and toddlers and their caregivers' decisions about offering a new food. J Am Diet Assoc 104, Suppl. 1, S57–S64.
39Birch, LL (1980 b) The relationship between children's food preferences and those of their parents. J Nutr Educ 12, 14–18.
40Logue, AW, Logue, CM, Uzzo, RG, McCarty, MJ & Smith, ME (1988) Food preferences in families. Appetite 10, 169–180.
41Pliner, P & Pelchat, M (1986) Similarities in food preferences between children and their siblings and parents. Appetite 7, 333–342.
42Rozin, P & Millman, L (1987) Family environment, not heredity, accounts for family resemblances in food preferences and attitudes: a twin study. Appetite 8, 125–134.
43Falciglia, GA & Norton, PA (1994) Evidence for a genetic influence on preference for some foods. J Am Diet Assoc 94, 154–158.
44Krondl, M, Coleman, P, Wade, J & Milner, J (1983) A twin study examining the genetic influence on food selection. Hum Nutr Appl Nutr 37A, 189–198.
45Breen, FM, Plomin, R & Wardle, J (2006) Heritability of food preferences in young children. Physiol Behav 88, 443–447.
46Bartoshuk, LM & Beauchamp, GK (1994) Chemical senses. Annu Rev Psychol 45, 419–449.
47Dinehart, ME, Hayes, JE, Bartoshuk, LM, Lanier, SL & Duffy, VB (2006) Bitter taste markers explain variability in vegetable sweetness, bitterness, and intake. Physiol Behav 87, 304–313.
48Drewnowski, A, Henderson, SA, Shore, AB & Barratt-Fornell, A (1998) Sensory responses to 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) or sucrose solutions and food preferences in young women. Ann N Y Acad Sci 855, 797–801.
49Drewnowski, A, Henderson, SA, Hann, CS, Berg, WA & Ruffin, MT (2000) Genetic taste markers and preferences for vegetables and fruit of female breast care patients. J Am Diet Assoc 100, 191–197.
50Yackinous, CA & Guinard, JX (2002) Relation between PROP (6-n-propylthiouracil) taster status, taste anatomy and dietary intake measures for young men and women. Appetite 38, 201–209.
51Drewnowski, A, Henderson, SA, Levine, A & Hann, C (1999) Taste and food preferences as predictors of dietary practices in young women. Public Health Nutr 2, 513–519.
52Gayathri, DA, Henderson, SA & Drewnowski, A (1997) Sensory acceptance of Japanese green tea and soy products is linked to genetic sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil. Nutr Cancer 29, 146–151.
53Pasquet, P, Oberti, B, El, AJ & Hladik, CM (2002) Relationships between threshold-based PROP sensitivity and food preferences of Tunisians. Appetite 39, 167–173.
54Duffy, VB & Bartoshuk, LM (2000) Food acceptance and genetic variation in taste. J Am Diet Assoc 100, 647–655.
55Bell, KI & Tepper, BJ (2006) Short-term vegetable intake by young children classified by 6-n-propylthoiuracil bitter-taste phenotype. Am J Clin Nutr 84, 245–251.
56Keller, KL, Steinmann, L, Nurse, RJ & Tepper, BJ (2002) Genetic taste sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil influences food preference and reported intake in preschool children. Appetite 38, 3–12.
57Turnbull, B & Matisoo-Smith, E (2002) Taste sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil predicts acceptance of bitter-tasting spinach in 3–6-y-old children. Am J Clin Nutr 76, 1101–1105.
58Keller, KL & Tepper, BJ (2004) Inherited taste sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil in diet and body weight in children. Obes Res 12, 904–912.
59Looy, H & Weingarten, HP (1992) Facial expressions and genetic sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil predict hedonic response to sweet. Physiol Behav 52, 75–82.
60Drewnowski, A (1997) Taste preferences and food intake. Annu Rev Nutr 17, 237–253.
61Pliner, P & Loewen, ER (1997) Temperament and food neophobia in children and their mothers. Appetite 28, 239–254.
62Pliner, P, Pelchat, M & Grabski, M (1993) Reduction of neophobia in humans by exposure to novel foods. Appetite 20, 111–123.
63Falciglia, GA, Pabst, SM, Couch, SC & Goody, C (2004) Impact of parental food choices on child food neophobia. Children's Health Care 33, 217–225.
64Koivisto Hursti, UK & Sjoden, PO (1997) Food and general neophobia and their relationship with self-reported food choice: familial resemblance in swedish families with children of ages 7–17 years. Appetite 29, 89–103.
65Koivisto, UK & Sjoden, PO (1996) Food and general neophobia in swedish families: parent-child comparisons and relationships with serving specific foods. Appetite 26, 107–118.
66Pliner, P (1994) Development of measures of food neophobia in children. Appetite 23, 147–163.
67Cooke, LJ, Haworth, CA & Wardle, J (2007) Genetic and environmental influences on children's food neophobia. Am J Clin Nutr 86, 428–433.
68Knaapila, A, Tuorila, H, Silventoinen, K, et al. (2007) Food neophobia shows heritable variation in humans. Physiol Behav, .
69Mennella, JA, Jagnow, CP & Beauchamp, GK (2001) Prenatal and postnatal flavor learning by human infants. Pediatrics 107, E88.
70Cashdan, E (1994) A sensitive period for learning about food. Hum Nat 5, 279–291.
71Skinner, JD, Carruth, BR, Bounds, W, Ziegler, PJ & Reidy, K (2002 a) Do food-related experiences in the first 2 years of life predict dietary variety in school-aged children? J Nutr Educ Behav 34, 310–315.
72Birch, LL, McPhee, L, Shoba, BC, Pirok, E & Steinberg, L (1987) What kind of exposure reduces children's children's food neophobia? Looking vs tasting. Appetite 9, 171–178.
73Birch, LL & Marlin, DW (1982) I don't like it; I never tried it: effects of exposure on two-year-old children's food preferences. Appetite 3, 353–360.
74Pliner, P (1982) The effects of mere exposure on liking for edible substances. Appetite 3, 283–290.
75Sullivan, SA & Birch, LL (1990) Pass the sugar, pass the salt: experience dictates preference. Dev Psychol 26, 546–551.
76Sullivan, SA & Birch, LL (1994) Infant dietary experience and acceptance of solid foods. Paediatrics 93, 271–277.
77Wardle, J, Herrera, ML, Cooke, L & Gibson, EL (2003 b) Modifying children's food preferences: the effects of exposure and reward on acceptance of an unfamiliar vegetable. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 341–348.
78Wardle, J, Cooke, L, Gibson, EL, Sapochnik, M, Sheiham, A & Lawson, M (2003 a) Increasing children's acceptance of vegetables: a randomised trial of guidance to parents. Appetite 40, 155–162.
79Cooke, L (2007) The importance of exposure for healthy eating in childhood: a review. J Hum Nutr Diet 20, 294–301.
80Birch, LL (1980 a) Effects of peer models' food choices and eating behaviors on preschoolers' food preferences. Child Dev 51, 489–496.
81Duncker, K (1938) Experimental modification of children's food preferences through social suggestion. J Abnorm Soc Psychol 33, 489–507.
82Harper, L & Sanders, KM (1975) The effect of adults' eating on young children's acceptance of unfamiliar foods. J Exp Child Psychol 20, 206–214.
83Hobden, K & Pliner, P (1995) Effects of a model on food neophobia in humans. Appetite 25, 101–114.
84Birch, LL, Marlin, DW & Rotter, J (1984) Eating as the ‘means’ activity in a contingency: effects on young children's food preference. Child Dev 55, 431–439.
85Newman, J & Taylor, A (1992) Effect of a means-end contingency on young children's food preferences. J Exp Child Psychol 64, 200–216.
86Birch, LL, Zimmerman, S & Hind, H (1980) The influence of social-affective context on the development of children's food preferences. Child Dev 52, 856–861.
87Birch, LL, Birch, D, Marlin, DW & Kramer, L (1982) Effects of instrumental consumption on children's food preference. Appetite 3, 125–134.
88Deci, EL, Koestner, R & Ryan, RM (1999) A meta-analytic review of experiments examining the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation. Psychol Bull 125, 627–668.
89Cameron, J, Banko, KM & Pierce, WD (2001) Pervasive negative effects of rewards on intrinsic motivation: The myth continues. Behav Anal 24, 1–44.