Skip to main content
×
Home

Haematological studies on pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian vegetarians compared with Caucasian omnivores

  • Sheela Reddy (a1) and T. A. B. Sanders (a1)
Abstract

Full blood counts, serum ferritin, vitamin B12 and folate, erythrocyte folate concentrations and nutrient intakes were estimated in twenty-three Indian vegetarian, twenty-two Caucasian omnivores and eighteen Caucasian vegetarian women aged 25–40 years. Energy and copper intakes were lower in the Indian women than in the Caucasians. Intakes of dietary fibre, vitamin C and folate were greater and the proportion of energy derived from fat was lower in the vegetarians than in the omnivores. Vitamin B12 and protein intakes were lower in both vegetarian groups than in the omnivores. Fe intake was similar in all the groups but haem Fe provided one-quarter of the Fe intake of the omnivores. Haemoglobin concentrations were generally inside the normal range in all groups, but were lower in the Indians as were mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH). Higher MCV, MCH and lower erythrocyte (RBC) counts were observed in Caucasian vegetarians compared with the Caucasian omnivores. In both groups of vegetarians, concentrations of serum vitamin B12 and ferritin were markedly lower than in the omnivores. RBC folate concentrations were lower in the Indians than in either of the Caucasian groups when subjects taking supplements were excluded. It is concluded that vegetarians need to ensure they have adequate intakes of Fe and vitamin B12.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Haematological studies on pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian vegetarians compared with Caucasian omnivores
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Haematological studies on pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian vegetarians compared with Caucasian omnivores
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Haematological studies on pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian vegetarians compared with Caucasian omnivores
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*For reprints.
References
Hide All
Armstrong B. K., Davis R. E., Nicol D. J., Van Merwick A. J. & Larwood C. J. (1974). Haematological vitamin B12 and folate studies on Seventh-Day Adventists vegetarians. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 27, 712718.
Bindra G. S. & Gibson R. S. (1986). Fe status of predominantly lacto-ovo vegetarian East Indian immigrants to Canada: a model approach. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 44, 643652.
Britt R. P., Harper C. & Spray G. H. (1971). Megaloblastic anaemia among Indians in Britain. Quarterly Journal of Medicine 40, 499520.
Chanarin I., Malkowska V., O'Hea A. & Rinsler M. G. (1985). Megaloblastic anaemia in a vegetarian Hindu community. Lancet ii, 11681172.
Cook J. D. & Skikne B. S. (1982). Serum ferritin: a possible model for the assessment of nutrient stores. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 35, 11801185.
Crawley H. (1988). Food Portion Sizes. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food publication. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
Department of Health and Social Security (1979). Recommended daily amounts of food energy and nutrients for groups of people in the United Kingdom. Report on Health and Social Subjects, no. 15. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
Ganapathy S. & Dhanda S. (1980). Protein and Fe nutrition in lacto-ovo vegetarian Indo-Aryan United States residents. Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics 17, 4552.
Gear J. S., Mann J. I., Thorogood M., Carter R. & Jelfs R. (1980). Biochemical and haematological variables in vegetarians. British Medical Journal 280, 1415.
Holland B., Unwin I. D. & Buss D. H. (1988). Cereal and Cereal Products. The Supplement to McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods. London: Royal Society of Chemistry, and MAFF.
Lewis J. & Buss D. H. (1988). Trace nutrients. 5. Minerals and vitamins in the British Household Food Supply. British Journal of Nutrition 60, 413424.
McKenzie S, B. (1988). Textbook of Haematology, p. 108. Philadelphia: Lee & Febiger.
MacPhail A. P., Bothwell T. H. & Torrance J. D. (1981). Fe nutrition in Indian women at different ages. South African Medical Journal 59, 939942.
Matthews J. H. & Wood J. K. (1984). Megaloblastic anaemia in vegetarian Asians. Clinical Laboratory Haematology 6, 17.
National Academy of Sciences (1989). Recommended Dietary Allowances, revised ed. Washington DC: National Academy of Sciences.
Paul A. A. & Southgate D. A. T. (1978). McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
Sanders T. A. B., Ellis F. R. & Dickerson J. W. T. (1978). Haematological studies on vegans. British Journal of Nutrition 40, 915.
Tan S. P., Wenlock R. W. & Buss D. H. (1985). Immigrant Foods. Second Supplement to McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
United States Department of Agriculture (1979). Composition of Foods. Agriculture Handbook no. 8. Washington DC: United States Department of Agriculture.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 54 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 102 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.