1Gatlin, DM III, Barrows, FT, Brown, P, et al. (2007) Expanding the utilization of sustainable plant products in aquafeeds: a review. Aquacult Res 38, 551–579.
2Lim, SJ, Kim, SS, Ko, GY, et al. (2011) Fish meal replacement by soybean meal in diets for Tiger puffer, Takifugu rubripes. Aquaculture 313, 165–170.
3Peres, H, Lim, C & Klesius, PH (2003) Nutritional value of heat-treated soybean meal for channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquaculture 225, 67–82.
4Bureau, DP (2007) Fish meal replacement in aquaculture feeds: opportunities for rendered products. Render 8, 10–12.
5Tocher, DR, Bendiksen, EÅ, Campbell, PJ, et al. (2008) The role of phospholipids in nutrition and metabolism of teleost fish. Aquaculture 280, 21–34.
6Hossain, MA, Focken, U & Becker, K (2001) Effect of soaking and soaking followed by autoclaving of Sesbania seeds on growth and feed utilisation in common carp, Cyprinus carpio L. Aquaculture 203, 133–148.
7Deng, JM, Mai, KS, Ai, QH, et al. (2012) Effects of antinutritional factors on plasma lipoprotein levels in Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. J Fish Biol 80, 286–300.
8Sagstad, A, Sanden, M, Krogdahl, Å, et al. (2008) Organs development, gene expression and health of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) fed genetically modified soybeans compared to the near-isogenic non-modified parental line. Aquacult Nutr 14, 556–572.
9Kader, MA, Koshio, S, Ishikawa, M, et al. (2011) Growth, nutrient utilization, oxidative condition, and element composition of juvenile red sea bream Pagrus major fed with fermented soybean meal and scallop by-product blend as fishmeal replacement. Fish Sci 77, 119–128.
10Vilhelmsson, OT, Martin, SAM, Médale, F, et al. (2004) Dietary plant-protein substitution affects hepatic metabolism in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Br J Nutr 92, 71–80.
11Geay, F, Ferraresso, S, Zambonino-Infante, JL, et al. (2011) Effects of the total replacement of fish-based diet with plant-based diet on the hepatic transcriptome of two European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) half-sibfamilies showing different growth rates with the plant-based diet. BMC Genomics 12, 522.
12Russell, DW (1992) Cholesterol biosynthesis and metabolism. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 6, 103–110.
13Hansen, AC, Karlsen, Ø, Rosenlund, G, et al. (2007) Dietary plant protein utilization in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhus L. Aquacult Nutr 13, 200–215.
14Maita, M, Satoh, K, Fukuda, Y, et al. (1998) Correlation between plasma component levels of cultured fish and resistance to bacterial infection. Fish Pathol 33, 129–133.
15Maita, M, Maekawa, J, Satoh, K, et al. (2006) Disease resistance and hypocholesterolemia in yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata fed a non-fishmeal diet. Fish Sci 72, 513–519.
16Schoknecht, PA, Ebner, S, Pond, WG, et al. (1994) Dietary cholesterol supplementation improves growth and behavioural response of pigs selected for genetically high and low serum cholesterol. J Nutr 124, 305–314.
17Twibell, RG & Wilson, RP (2004) Preliminary evidence that cholesterol improves growth and feed intake of soybean meal-based diets in aquaria studies with juvenile channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Aquaculture 236, 539–546.
18Deng, J, Mai, K, Ai, Q, et al. (2010) Interactive effects of dietary cholesterol and protein sources on growth performance and cholesterol metabolism of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). Aquacult Nutr 16, 419–429.
19Yun, B, Mai, K, Zhang, W, et al. (2011) Effects of dietary cholesterol on growth performance, feed intake and cholesterol metabolism in juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) fed high plant protein diets. Aquaculture 319, 105–110.
20Yun, B, Ai, Q, Mai, K, et al. (2012) Synergistic effects of dietary cholesterol and taurine on growth performance and cholesterol metabolism in juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) fed high plant protein diets. Aquaculture 324–325, 85–91.
21Deng, J, Zhang, X, Bi, B, et al. (2011) Dietary protein requirement of juvenile Asian red-tailed catﬁsh Hemibagrus wyckioides. Anim Feed Sci Technol 170, 231–238.
22Ueda, H & Shigemizu, G (2001) Feeding response to tea saponin in chicks given diet selection. J Poult Sci 38, 333–342.
23Ueda, H & Suehiro, K (2005) Feeding behaviour in chicks given the same diet simultaneously by two feeders: right- and left-handed chicks. J Poult Sci 42, 182–192.
24Association of Official Analytical Chemists (1995) Official Methods of Analysis of Official Analytical Chemists International, 16th ed.Washington, DC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
25Brett, JR & Groves, TDD (1979) Physiological energetics. In Fish Physiology, vol. 8, pp. 280–351 [Hoar, WS, Randall, DJ and Brett, JR, editors]. New York, NY: Academic Press.
26Friedewald, WT, Levy, RI & Fredrickson, DS (1972) Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma, without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin Chem 18, 499–502.
27Folch, J, Lees, M & Sloane Stanley, GH (1957) A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipides from animal tissues. J Biol Chem 226, 497–509.
28Martinez, I, Dreyer, B, Argersborg, A, et al. (1995) Effect of T3 and rearing temperature on growth and skeletal myosin heavy chain isoform transition during early development in salmonid Salvelinus alpinus (L.). Comp Biochem Physiol 112B, 717–725.
29Metz, JR, Geven, EJW, van den Burg, EH, et al. (2005) ACTH, α-MSH and control of cortisol release: cloning, sequencing and functional expression of the melanocortin-2 and melanocortin-5 receptor in Cyprinus carpio. Am J Physiol 289, R814–R826.
30Rasmussen, MK, Ekstrand, B & Zamaratskaia, G (2011) Comparison of cytochrome P450 concentrations and metabolic activities in porcine hepatic microsomes prepared with two different methods. Toxicol In Vitro 25, 343–346.
31Bradford, MM (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantification of microgram quantities of proteins utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal Biochem 72, 248–254.
33Bjerkeng, B, Storebakken, T & Wathne, E (1999) Cholesterol and short-chain fatty acids in diets for Atlantic salmon Salmo salar (L.): effects on growth, organ indices, macronutrient digestibility, and fatty acid composition. Aquacult Nutr 5, 181–191.
34Sealey, WM, Craig, SR & Gatlin, DM III (2001) Dietary cholesterol and lecithin have limited effects on growth and body composition of hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops× M. saxatilis). Aquacult Nutr 7, 25–31.
35Estévez, A, Delgado, A, Hortelano, P, et al. (1996) Characterization of mevalonate metabolism in the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) liver. Fish Physiol Biochem 15, 205–211.
37Hossain, MA, Focken, U & Becker, K (2002) Nutritional evaluation of dhaincha (Sesbania aculeata) seeds as dietary protein source for tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Aquacult Res 33, 653–662.
38Afuang, WB, Siddhuraju, P & Becker, K (2003) Comparative nutritional evaluation of raw, methanol extracted residues and methanol extracts of moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves on growth performance and feed utilization in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Aquacult Res 34, 1147–1159.
39Lu, K, Lee, MH & Patel, SB (2001) Dietary cholesterol absorption: more than just bile. Trends Endocrinol Metab 12, 314–320.
40Park, YB, Jeon, SM, Byun, SJ, et al. (2002) Absorption of intestinal free cholesterol is lowered by supplementation of Areca catechu L. extract in rats. Life Sci 70, 1849–1859.
41Krogdahl, A, Hemre, GI & Mommsen, TP (2005) Carbohydrates in fish nutrition: digestion and absorption in postlarval stages. Aquacult Nutr 11, 103–122.
42Hansen, AC, Rosenlund, G, Karlsen, Ø, et al. (2007) Total replacement of fish meal with plant proteins in diets for Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) I – effects on growth and protein retention. Aquaculture 272, 599–611.
43Kumar, V, Makkar, HPS & Becker, K (2011) Nutritional, physiological and haematological responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) juveniles fed detoxified Jatropha curcas kernel meal. Aquacult Nutr 17, 451–467.
44Garcia-Gonzalez, M, Segovia, JL & Alejandre, MJ (1992) Homeostatic restoration of microsomal lipids and enzyme changes in HMG-CoA reductase and acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase in chick liver. Mol Cell Biochem 115, 173–178.
45Sun, D, Fernandez, ML, Lin, EC, et al. (1999) Regulation of guinea pig hepatic acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase activity by dietary fat saturation and cholesterol. J Nutr Biochem 10, 172–180.
46Wang, YM, Zhang, B, Xue, Y, et al. (2010) The mechanism of dietary cholesterol effects on lipids metabolism in rats. Lipids Health Dis 9, 4.
47Erickson, SK, Shrewsbury, MA, Brooks, C, et al. (1980) Rat liver acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase activity: its regulation in vivo and some of its properties in vitro. J Lipid Res 21, 930–941.
48Mitropoulos, KA, Venkatesan, S, Synouri-Vrettakou, S, et al. (1984) The role of plasma membranes in the transfer of non-esterified cholesterol to the acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase substrate pool in liver microsomal fraction. Biochim Biophys Acta 792, 227–237.
49Bucher, NLR, Overath, P & Lynen, F (1960) 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, cleavage, and condensing enzymes in relation to cholesterol formation in rat liver. Biochim Biophys Acta 40, 491–501.
50Ness, GC & Chambers, CM (2000) Feedback and hormonal regulation of hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase: the concept of cholesterol buffering capacity. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 224, 8–19.
51Andersen, JM, Turley, SD & Dietschy, JM (1982) Relative rates of sterol synthesis in the liver and various extrahepatic tissues of normal and cholesterol-fed rabbits: relationship to plasma lipoprotein and tissue cholesterol levels. Biochim Biophys Acta 711, 421–430.
52Chambers, CM & Ness, GC (1998) Dietary cholesterol regulates hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase gene expression in rats primarily at the level of translation. Arch Biochem Biphys 354, 317–322.
53Turley, SD, Spady, DK & Dietschy, JM (1997) Regulation of fecal bile acid excretion in male golden Syrian hamsters fed a cereal-based diet with and without added cholesterol. Hepatology 25, 797–803.
55Jelinek, DF, Andersson, S, Slaughter, CA, et al. (1990) Cloning and regulation of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme in bile acid biosynthesis. J Biol Chem 265, 8190–8197.
56Chapman, MJ (1980) Animal lipoproteins: chemistry, structure, and comparative aspects. J Lipid Res 21, 789–853.
57Higgs, DA, Fagerlund, UHM, Eales, JG, et al. (1982) Application of thyroid and steroid hormones as anabolic agents in fish culture. Comp Biochem Physiol 73B, 143–176.
58Sumpter, JP (1992) Control of growth of rainbow trout. Aquaculture 100, 299–320.
59Regost, C, Arzel, J & Kaushik, SJ (1999) Partial or total replacement of fish meal by corn gluten meal in diet for turbot Psetta maxima. Aquaculture 180, 99–117.
60Glencross, B, Evans, D, Rutherford, N, et al. (2006) The influence of the dietary inclusion of the alkaloid gramine, on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) growth, feed utilization and gastrointestinal histology. Aquaculture 253, 512–522.
61Reddy, PK & Leatherland, JF (2003) Influences of photoperiod and alternate days of feeding on plasma growth hormone and thyroid hormone levels in juvenile rainbow trout. J Fish Biol 63, 197–212.
62Fevolden, SE, Røed, KH & Fjalestad, KT (2002) Selection response of cortisol and lysozyme in rainbow trout and correlation to growth. Aquaculture 205, 61–75.
63Zhou, Q, Jimi, S, Smith, TL, et al. (1991) The effect of cholesterol on the accumulation of intracellular calcium. Biochim Biophys Acta 1085, 1–6.
64Newcomb, TW (1974) Changes in blood chemistry of juvenile steelhead trout, Salmo gairdneri, following sublethal exposure to nitrogen supersaturation. J Fish Res Board Can 31, 1953–1957.
65Hirai, K, Hasegawa, M, Takezoe, R, et al. (1993) Increases in serum levels of calcium and ratio of calcium to magnesium due to dietary cholesterol and their relationship to tocopherol in rats. Nutr Res 13, 489–497.
66Sloan, DR, Harms, RH, Russeld, GB, et al. (1964) The relationship of egg cholesterol to serum cholesterol, serum calcium, fed consumption and dietary cholecalciferol. Poult Sci 73, 472–475.
67Ueda, H, Matsumoto, S & Tanoue, K (2004) Growth response and crop emptying in chicks force-fed diets containing various saponins. J Poult Sci 41, 298–306.
68Mel'nikov, SM, Seijen ten Hoorn, JWM & Eijkelenboom, APAM (2004) Effect of phytosterols and phytostanols on the solubilisation of cholesterol by dietary mixed micelles: an in vitro study. Chem Phys Lipids 127, 121–141.
69Farrell, AP, Saunders, RL, Freeman, HC, et al. (1986) Arteriosclerosis in Atlantic salmon. Effects of dietary cholesterol and maturation. Arteriosclerosis 6, 453–461.