Achten, J, Gleeson, M & Jeukendrup, AE (2002) Determination of the exercise intensity that elicits maximal fat oxidation. Med Sci Sports Exerc 34, 92–97.
Bjorck, I, Liljeberg, H & Ostman, E (2000) Low glycaemic-index foods. Br J Nut 83, Suppl. 1S149–S155.
Borg, GA (1973) Perceived exertion: a note on "history" and methods. Med Sci Sports 5, 90–93.
Burke, LM, Collier, GR, Beasley, SK, et al. . (1995) Effect of coingestion of fat and protein with carbohydrate feedings on muscle glycogen storage. J Appl Physiol 78, 2187–2192.
Coulston, AM, Hollenbeck, CB, Liu, GC, et al. . (1984a) Effect of source of dietary carbohydrate on plasma glucose, insulin, and gastric inhibitory polypeptide responses to test meals in subjects with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Am J Clin Nutr 40, 965–970.
Coulston, AM, Hollenbeck, CB & Reaven, GM (1984b) Utility of studies measuring glucose and insulin responses to various carbohydrate-containing foods. Am J Clin Nutr 39, 163–167.
Coyle, EF, Jeukendrup, AE, Wagenmakers, AJ & Saris, WH (1997) Fatty acid oxidation is directly regulated by carbohydrate metabolism during exercise. Am J Physiol 273, E268–E275.
Decombaz, DS, Arnaud, MJ, Thelin, AL, Schurch, P & Howald, H (1985) Oxidation and metabolic effects of fructose or glucose ingested before exercise. Int J Sports Med 6, 282–286.
DeMarco, HM, Sucher, KP, Cisar, CJ & Butterfield, GE (1999) Pre-exercise carbohydrate meals: application of glycemic index. Med Sci Sports Exerc 31, 164–170.
Dill, DB & Costill, DL (1974) Calculation of percentage changes in volumes of blood, plasma, and red cells in dehydration. J Appl Physiol 37, 247–248.
Febbraio, MA, Chiu, A, Angus, DJ, Arkinstall, MJ & Hawley, JA (2000a) Effects of carbohydrate ingestion before and during exercise on glucose kinetics and performance. J Appl Physiol 89, 2220–2226.
Febbraio, MA, Keenan, J, Angus, DJ, Campbell, SE & Garnham, AP (2000b) Preexercise carbohydrate ingestion, glucose kinetics, and muscle glycogen use: effect of the glycemic index. J Appl Physiol 89, 1845–1851.
Febbraio, MA & Stewart, KL (1996) CHO feeding before prolonged exercise: effect of glycemic index on muscle glycogenolysis and exercise performance. J Appl Physiol 81, 1115–1120.
Fielding, RA, Costill, DL, Fink, WJ, King, DS, Kovaleski, JE & Kirwan, JP (1987) Effects of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on muscle glycogen use during exercise in well-trained runners. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 56, 225–229.
Foster-Powell, K & Miller, JB (1995) International table of glycaemic index. Am J Clin Nutr 62, 871S–890S.
Frayn, KN (1983) Calculation of substrate oxidation rates in vivo from gaseous exchange. J Appl Physiol 55, 628–634.
Hargreaves, M, Costill, DL, Fink, WJ, King, DS & Fielding, RA (1987) Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on endurance cycling performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 19, 33–36.
Hollenbeck, CB, Coulston, AM & Reaven, GM (1988) Comparison of plasma glucose and insulin responses to mixed meals of high-, intermediate-, and low-glycemic potential. Diabetes Care 11, 323–329.
Horowitz, JF, Mora-Rodriguez, R, Byerley, LO & Coyle, EF (1997) Lipolytic suppression following carbohydrate ingestion limits fat oxidation during exercise. Am J Physiol 273, E768–E775.
Ivy, JL, Lee, MC, Brozinick, JT Jr & Reed, MJ (1988) Muscle glycogen storage after different amounts of carbohydrate ingestion. J Appl Physiol 65, 2018–2023.
Jenkins, DJ, Wolever, TM & Taylor, RH (1981) Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Am J Clin Nutr 34, 362–366.
Kirwan, JP, Cyr-Campbell, D, Campbell, WW, Scheiber, J & Evans, WJ (2001a) Effects of moderate and high glycemic index meals on metabolism and exercise performance. Metab Clin Exp 50, 849–855.
Kirwan, JP, O'Gorman, DJ, Cyr-Campbell, D, Campbell, WW, Yarasheski, KE & Evans, WJ (2001b) Effects of a moderate glycemic meal on exercise duration and substrate utilization. Med Sci Exerc 33, 1517–1523.
Laurell, S & Tibbling, G (1966) An enzymatic fluorometric micromethod for the determination of glycerol. Clin Chim Acta 13, 317–322.
Maughan, RJ (1982) A simple, rapid method for the determination of glucose, lactate, pyruvate, alanine, 3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate on a single 20-μl blood sample. Clin Chim Acta 122, 231–240.
Murray, R, Paul, GL, Seifert, JG, Eddy, DE & Halaby, GA (1989a) The effects of glucose, fructose, and sucrose ingestion during exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 21, 275–282.
Murray, R, Seifert, JG, Eddy, DE, Paul, GL & Halaby, GA (1989b) Carbohydrate feeding and exercise: effect of beverage carbohydrate content. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 59, 152–158.
Nilsson, LH & Hultman, E (1973) Liver glycogen in man – the effect of total starvation or a carbohydrate-poor diet followed by carbohydrate refeeding. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 32, 325–330.
Sparks, MJ, Selig, SS & Febbraio, MA (1998) Pre-exercise carbohydrate ingestion: effect of the glycemic index on endurance exercise performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30, 844–849.
Stannard, SR, Constantini, NW & Miller, JC (2000) The effect of glycemic index on plasma glucose and lactate levels during incremental exercise. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 10, 51–61.
Tarnopolsky, MA, Bosman, M, Macdonald, JR, Vandeputte, D, Martin, J & Roy, BD (1997) Postexercise protein–carbohydrate and carbohydrate supplements increase muscle glycogen in men and women. J Appl Physiol 83, 1877–1883.
Thomas, DE, Brotherhood, JR & Brand, JC (1991) Carbohydrate feeding before exercise: effect of glycemic index. Int J Sports Med 12, 180–186.
Thomas, DE, Brotherhood, JR & Miller, JB (1994) Plasma glucose levels after prolonged strenuous exercise correlate inversely with glycemic response to food consumed before exercise. Int J Sport Nutr 4, 361–373.
Ventura, JL, Estruch, A, Rodas, G & Segura, R (1994) Effect of prior ingestion of glucose or fructose on the performance of exercise of intermediate duration. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 68, 345–349.
Wee, SL, Williams, C, Gray, S & Horabin, J (1999) Influence of high and low glycemic index meals on endurance running capacity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 31, 393–399.
Williams, C, Nute, MG, Broadbank, L & Vinall, S (1990) Influence of fluid intake on endurance running performance. A comparison between water, glucose and fructose solutions. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 60, 112–119.
Wolever, TM & Bolognesi, C (1996) Prediction of glucose and insulin responses of normal subjects after consuming mixed meals varying in energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate and glycemic index. J Nutr 126, 2807–2812.
Wolever, TM & Jenkins, DJ (1986) The use of the glycemic index in predicting the blood glucose response to mixed meals. Am J Clin Nutr 43, 167–172.