Skip to main content Accessibility help

Influence of specific nutrients on progression of atherosclerosis, vascular function, haemostasis and inflammation in coronary heart disease patients: a systematic review

  • Mark Hamer (a1) and Andrew Steptoe (a1)


Epidemiological evidence suggests that the diet influences CHD risk, although the protective effects of dietary intervention for patients in diseased states has gained less attention. Secondary care prevention strategies for patients often involves drug therapy that is expensive and can result in undesirable side effects. Therefore, it is potentially beneficial to utilise other strategies, such as diet, in the management of CHD. A systematic review was conducted to examine the effects of specific nutrients on progression of atherosclerosis, vascular function, haemostasis and inflammation in CHD patients. Results show substantial evidence for the efficacy of n–3 oils in reducing cardiovascular mortality and one mechanism may be related to the stabilisation of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques, although the effects on progression of atherosclerosis, haemostatic activity and vascular inflammation remain equivocal. Promising data also exist for the efficacy of flavonoid-rich foods for improving endothelial function, although strong clinical endpoint evidence is lacking. The variation in the efficacy of certain nutrients in CHD patients may be explained by genetics, existing risk factors, psychosocial factors and methodological issues, although these are often not adequately taken into consideration. We conclude that there is a need to undertake more appropriately designed trials in specific clinical populations, controlling for additional lifestyle and risk factors, examining potential interactions with medications, and also establishing methods to increase compliance to dietary recommendations before specific nutrients can be widely prescribed for secondary prevention. Future research should also utilise techniques that provide a direct measure of atherosclerosis.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Influence of specific nutrients on progression of atherosclerosis, vascular function, haemostasis and inflammation in coronary heart disease patients: a systematic review
      Available formats

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Influence of specific nutrients on progression of atherosclerosis, vascular function, haemostasis and inflammation in coronary heart disease patients: a systematic review
      Available formats

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Influence of specific nutrients on progression of atherosclerosis, vascular function, haemostasis and inflammation in coronary heart disease patients: a systematic review
      Available formats


Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Dr Mark Hamer, fax +44 20 7916 8542,


Hide All
Agewall, S, Wright, S, Doughty, RN, Whalley, GA, Duxbury, M & Sharpe, NDoes a glass of red wine improve endothelial function?. Eur Heart J 2000 21 7478.
Aguilar, D, Skali, H, Moye, LAet al. Alcohol consumption and prognosis in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction after a myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004 43 20152021.
Angerer, P, Kothny, W, Stork, S & von Schacky, CEffect of dietary supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids on progression of atherosclerosis in carotid arteries. Cardiovasc Res 2002 54 183190.
Anter, E, Thomas, SR, Schulz, E, Shapira, OM, Vita, JA & Keaney, JFJr Activation of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase by the p38 MAPK in response to black tea polyphenols. J Biol Chem 2004 279 4663746643.
Barth, J, Schumacher, M & Herrmann-Lingen, CDepression as a risk factor for mortality in patients with coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis. Psychosom Med 2004 66 802813.
Barzi, F, Woodward, M, Marfisi, RM, Tavazzi, L, Valagussa, F & Marchioli RGISSI-Prevenzione Investigators Mediterranean diet and all-causes mortality after myocardial infarction: results from the GISSI-Prevenzione trial. Eur J Clin Nutr 2003 57 604611.
Baumann, KH, Hessel, F, Larass, I, Muller, T, Angerer, P, Kiefl, R & von Schacky, CDietary omega-3, omega-6, and omega-9 unsaturated fatty acids and growth factor and cytokine gene expression in unstimulated and stimulated monocytes. A randomized volunteer study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 1999 19 5966.
Berstad, P, Seljeflot, I, Veierod, MB, Hjerkinn, EM, Arnesen, H & Pedersen, JISupplementation with fish oil affects the association between very long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in serum non-esterified fatty acids and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1. Clin Sci (Lond) 2003 105 1320.
Blake, GJ & Ridker, PMNovel clinical markers of vascular wall inflammation. Circ Res 2001 89 763771.
Bobak, M & Marmot, MAlcohol and coronary heart diease. In Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology – from Etiology to Public Health, 2nd ed., Marmot, M & Elliott, POxfordOxford University Press 2005 251263.
Bucher, HC, Hengstler, P, Schindler, C & Meier, Gn-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids in coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Med 2002 112 298304.
Burr, ML, Ashfield-Watt, PA, Dunstan, FD, Fehily, AM, Breay, P, Ashton, T, Zotos, PC, Haboubi, NA & Elwood, PCLack of benefit of dietary advice to men with angina: results of a controlled trial. Eur J Clin Nutr 2003 57 193200.
Burr, ML, Fehily, AM, Gilbert, JF, Rogers, S, Holliday, RM, Sweetnam, PM, Elwood, PC & Deadman, NMEffects of changes in fat, fish, and fibre intakes on death and myocardial reinfarction:diet and reinfarction trial (DART). Lancet 1989 ii 757761.
Chou, EJ, Keevil, JG, Aeschlimann, S, Wiebe, DA, Folts, JD & Stein, JHEffect of ingestion of purple grape juice on endothelial function in patients with coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol 2001 88 553555.
Clouse, ME, Chen, J, Krumholz, HM, Clouse, ME, Chen, J & Krumholz, HMNoninvasive screening for coronary artery disease with computed tomography is useful. Circulation 2006 113 125146.
Collins, TEndothelial nuclear factor-kappa B and the initiation of the atherosclerotic lesion. Lab Invest 1993 68 499508.
Cooper, HA, Exner, DV & Domanski, MJLight-to-moderate alcohol consumption and prognosis in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol 2000 35 17531759.
Danesh, J, Wheeler, JG, Hirschfield, GM, Eda, S, Eiriksdottir, G, Rumley, A, Lowe, GD, Pepys, MB & Gudnason, VC-reactive protein and other circulating markers of inflammation in the prediction of coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med 2004 350 13871397.
Davies, JR, Rudd, JH & Weissberg, PLMolecular and metabolic images of atherosclerosis. J Nucl Med 2004 45 18981907.
de Lorgeril, M & Salen, PDietary prevention of post-angioplasty restenosis. From illusion and disillusion to pragmatism. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2003 13 345348.
de Lorgeril, M, Salen, P, Martin, JL, Boucher, F, Paillard, F & de Leiris, JWine drinking and risks of cardiovascular complications after recent acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 2002 106 14651469.
de Lorgeril, M, Salen, P, Martin, JL, Monjaud, I, Delaye, J & Mamelle, NMediterranean diet, traditional risk factors, and the rate of cardiovascular complications after myocardial infarction: final report of the Lyon Diet Heart Study. Circulation 1999 99 779785.
Djousse, L, Arnett, DK, Carr, JJ, Eckfeldt, JH, Hopkins, PN, Province, MA & Ellison, RCInvestigators of the NHLBI FHS Dietary linolenic acid is inversely associated with calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. Circulation 2005 111 29212926.
Doshi, S, McDowell, I, Moat, S, Lewis, M & Goodfellow, JFolate improves endothelial function in patients with coronary heart disease. Clin Chem Lab Med 2003 41 15051512.
Duffy, SJ, Keaney, JF Jr, Holbrook, M, Gokce, N, Swerdloff, PL, Frei, B & Vita, JAShort- and long-term black tea consumption reverses endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation 2001a 104 151156.
Duffy, SJ, Vita, JA, Holbrook, M, Swerdloff, PL & Jr Keaney, JFEffect of acute and chronic tea consumption on platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2001b 21 10841089.
Eritsland, J, Seljeflot, I, Arnesen, H, Westvik, AB & Kierulf, PEffect of long-term, moderate-dose supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids on monocyte procoagulant activity and release of interleukin-6 in patients with coronary artery disease. Thromb Res 1995 77 337346.
Erkkila, AT, Lichtenstein, AH, Mozaffarian, D & Herrington, DMFish intake is associated with a reduced progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women with coronary artery disease. Am J Clin Nutr 2004 80 626632.
Franco, OH, Bonneux, L, de Laet, C, Peeters, A, Steyerber, EW & Mackenbach, JPThe Polymeal: a more natural, safer, and probably tastier (than the Polypill) strategy to reduce cardiovascular disease by more than 75%. BMJ 2004 329 14471450.
Frasure-Smith, N, Lesperance, F & Julien, PMajor depression is associated with lower omega-3 fatty acid levels in patients with recent acute coronary syndromes. Biol Psychiatry 2004 55 891896.
Frijns, CJ, Kappelle, LJ, van Gijn, J, Nieuwenhuis, HK, Sixma, JJ & Fijnheer, RSoluble adhesion molecules reflect endothelial cell activation in ischemic stroke and in carotid atherosclerosis. Stroke 1997 28 22142218.
GISSI-Prevenzione Investigators Dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E after myocardial infarction: results of the GISSI-Prevenzione trial. Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto miocardico. Lancet 1999 354 447455.
Grimble, RF, Howell, WM, O'Reilly, G, Turner, SJ, Markovi, O, Hirrell, S, East, JM & Calder, PCThe ability of fish oil to suppress tumor necrosis factor alpha production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in healthy men is associated with polymorphisms in genes that influence tumor necrosis factor alpha production. Am J Clin Nutr 2002 76 454459.
Grundt, H, Nilsen, DW, Mansoor, MA, Hetland, O & Nordoy, AReduction in homocysteine by n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids after 1 year in a randomised double-blind study following an acute myocardial infarction: no effect on endothelial adhesion properties. Pathophysiol Haemost Thromb 2003 33 8895.
Hamer, M, Owen, G & Kloek, JThe role of functional foods in the psychobiology of health and disease. Nutr Res Rev 2005 18 113.
Heart Protection Study Collaborative Group MRC/BHF Heart Protection Study of antioxidant vitamin supplementation in 20, 536 high-risk individuals: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2002 360 2333.
Heiss, C, Dejam, A, Kleinbongard, P, Schewe, T, Sies, H & Kelm, MVascular effects of cocoa rich in flavan-3-ols. JAMA 2003 290 10301031.
Hill, ABThe environment and disease: association or causation? Proc Royal Soc Med 1965 58 295300.
Hodgson, M, Burke, V & Puddey, IBAcute effects of tea on fasting and postprandial vascular function and blood pressure in humans. J Hypertens 2005 23 4754.
Hong, MK, Mintz, GS, Popma, JJ, Kent, KM, Pichard, AD, Satler, LF & Leon, MBLimitations of angiography coronary atherosclerosis progression or regression. Ann Intern Med 1994 121 348354.
Hornig, BVitamins, antioxidants and endothelial function in coronary artery disease. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2002 16 401409.
Johansen, O, Seljeflot, I, Hostmark, AT & Arnesen, HThe effect of supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids on soluble markers of endothelial function in patients with coronary heart disease. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 1999 19 16811686.
Joshipura, KJ, Hu, FB, Manson, JEet al. The effect of fruit and vegetable intake on risk for coronary heart disease. Ann Intern Med 2001 134 11061114.
Kalin, R, Righi, A, Del Rosso, A, Bagchi, D, Generini, S, Cerinic, MM & Das, DKActivin, a grape seed-derived proanthocyanidin extract, reduces plasma levels of oxidative stress and adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin) in systemic sclerosis. Free Radic Res 2002 36 819825.
Karatzi, K, Papamichael, C, Aznaouridis, K, Aznaouridis, K, Papaioannou, T, Protogerou, A, Stamatelopoulos, K, Zampelas, A, Lekakis, J & Mavrikakis, MConstituents of red wine other than alcohol improve endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease. Coron Artery Dis 2004 15 485490.
Karatzi, K, Papamichael, C, Karatzis, EN, Papaioannou, TG, Aznaouridis, KA, Katsichti, PP, Stamatelopoulos, KS, Zampelas, A, Lekakis, JP & Mavrikakis, MERed wine induces favourable effects on wave reflections and central pressures in coronary artery disease patients. Am J Hypertens 2005 18 11611167.
Khera, A, de Lemos, JA, Peshock, RM, Lo, HS, Stanek, HG, Murphy, SA, Wians, FH Jr, Grundy, SM & McGuire, DKRelationship between C-reactive protein and subclinical atherosclerosis: the Dallas Heart Study. Circulation 2006 113 3843.
Kothny, W, Angerer, P, Stork, S & von Schacky, CShort term effects of omega-3 fatty acids on the radial artery of patients with coronary artery disease. Atherosclerosis 1998 140 181186.
Kris-Etherton, PM, Harris, WS & Appel, LJFish consumption, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids, and cardiovascular disease. Circulation 2002 106 27472757.
Leeson, CP, Hingorani, AD, Mullen, MJ, Jeerooburkhan, N, Kattenhorn, M, Cole, TJ, Muller, DP, Lucas, A, Humphries, SE & Deanfield, JEGlu298Asp endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphism interacts with environmental and dietary factors to influence endothelial function. Circ Res 2002 90 11531158.
Lembo, G, Vecchione, C, Izzo, R, Fratta, L, Fontana, D, Marino, G, Pilato, G & Trimarco, BNoradrenergic vascular hyper-responsiveness in human hypertension is dependent on oxygen free radical impairment of nitric oxide activity. Circulation 2000 102 552557.
Levine, GN, Frei, B, Koulouris, SN, Gerhard, MD, Keaney, JF Jr & Vita, JAAscorbic acid reverses endothelial vasomotor dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation 1996 93 11071113.
Libby, PInflammation in atherosclerosis. Nature 2002 420 868874.
Liem, A, Reynierse-Buitenwerf, GH, Zwinderman, AH, Jukema, JW & van Veldhuisen, DJSecondary prevention with folic acid: effects on clinical outcomes. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003 41 21052113.
Liu, S, Lee, IM, Ajani, U, Cole, SR, Buring, JE & Manson, JEIntake of vegetables rich in carotenoids and risk of coronary heart disease in men: The Physicians' Health Study. Int J Epidemiol 2001 30 130135.
Lonn, E, Bosch, J & Yusuf, FHOPE et al. Effects of long-term vitamin E supplementation on cardiovascular events and cancer. JAMA 2005 293 13381347.
Lorenz, M, Wessler, S, Follmann, E, Michaelis, W, Dusterhoft, T, Baumann, G, Stangl, K & Stangl, VA constituent of green tea, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, activates endothelial nitric oxide synthase by a phosphatidylinositol-3-OH-kinase-, cAMP-dependent protein kinase-, and Akt-dependent pathway and leads to endothelial-dependent vasorelaxation. J Biol Chem 2004 279 61906195.
Michelson, AD, Barnard, MR, Krueger, LA, Valeri, CR & Furman, MICirculating monocyte-platelet aggregates are a more sensitive marker of in vivo platelet activation than platelet surface Pselectin: studies in baboons, human coronary intervention, and human acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 2001 104 15331537.
Miller, GJDietary fatty acids and the haemostatic system. Atherosclerosis 2005 179 213227.
Moat, SJ, Doshi, SN, Lang, D, McDowell, IF, Lewis, MJ & Goodfellow, JTreatment of coronary heart disease with folic acid: is there a future? Am J Physiol 2004 287H 17.
Mukamal, KJ, Maclure, M, Muller, JE & Mittleman, MABinge drinking and mortality after acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 2005 112 38393845.
Mukamal, KJ, Maclure, M, Muller, JE, Sherwood, JB & Mittleman, MAPrior alcohol consumption and mortality following acute myocardial infarction. JAMA 2001 285 19651970.
Mukamal, KJ, Maclure, M, Muller, JE, Sherwood, JB & Mittleman, MA 2002 Tea consumption and mortality after acute myocardial infarction. Circulation. 105 24762481.
Muntwyler, J, Hennekens, CH, Buring, JE & Gaziano, JM (1998) Mortality and light to moderate alcohol consumption after myocardial infarction. Lancet 352 18821885.
Nielsen, NR, Schnohr, P, Jensen, G & Gronbaek, MIs the relationship between type of alcohol and mortality influenced by socio-economic status? J Intern Med (2004) 255 280288.
Nygard, O, Nordrehaug, JE, Refsum, H, Ueland, PM, Farstad, M & Vollset, SEPlasma homocysteine levels and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. N Engl J Med (1997) 337 230236.
Preli, RB, Klein, KP & Herrington, DMVascular effects of dietary L-arginine supplementation. Atherosclerosis 2002 162 115.
Rapola, JM, Virtamo, J, Ripatti, S, Huttunen, JK, Albanes, D, Taylor, PR & Heinonen, OPRandomised trial of α-tocopherol and β-carotene supplements on incidence of major coronary events in men with previous myocardial infarction. Lancet 1997 349 17151720.
Renaud, S, deLorgeril, M, Delaye, J, Guidollet, J, Jacquard, F, Mamelle, N, Martin, JL, Monjaud, I, Salen, P & Toubol, PCretan Mediterranean diet for prevention of coronary heart disease. Am J Clin Nutr (1995) 61 Suppl. 6 1360S1367S.
Robertson, RM & Smaha, LCan a Mediterranean-style diet reduce heart disease?. Circulation (2001) 103 18211822.
Ross, RMechanisms of disease: atherosclerosis an inflammatory disease. New Eng J Med (1999) 340 115126.
Rozanski, A, Blumenthal, JA, Davidson, KW, Saab, PG & Kubzansky, LThe epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management of psychosocial risk factors in cardiac practice: the emerging field of behavioral cardiology. J Am Coll Cardiol (2005) 45 637651.
Sacks, FM, Stone, PH, Gibson, CMSilverman, DI, Rosner, B & Pasternak, RCControlled trial of fish oil for regression of human coronary atherosclerosis. HARP Research Group. J Am Coll Cardiol (1995) 25 14921498.
Seierstad, SL, Seljeflot, I, Johansen, O, Hansen, R, Haugen, M, Rosenlund, G, Frøyland, L & Arnesen, HDietary intake of differently fed salmon; the influence on markers of human atherosclerosis. Eur J Clin Invest (2005) 35 5259.
Seljeflot, I, Johansen, O, Arnesen, H, Eggesbo, JBWestvik, AB & Kierulf, PProcoagulant activity and cytokine expression in whole blood cultures from patients with atherosclerosis supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids. Thromb Haemost (1999) 81 566570.
Shaper, AG & Wannamethee, SGAlcohol intake and mortality in middle aged men with diagnosed coronary heart disease. Heart (2000) 83 394399.
Solzbach, U, Hornig, B, Jeserich, M & Just, HVitamin C improves endothelial dysfunction of epicardial coronary arteries in hypertensive patients. Circulation (1997) 96 15131519.
Stein, JH, Keevil, JG, Wiebe, DA, Aeschlimann, S & Folts, JDPurple grape juice improves endothelial function and reduces the susceptibility of LDL cholesterol to oxidation in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation (1999) 100 10501055.
Steinberg, DClinical trials of antioxidants in atherosclerosis: are we doing the right thing? Lancet (1995) 346 3638.
Stephens, NG, Parsons, A, Schofield, PM, Kelly, F, Cheeseman, K & Mitchinson, MJRandomised controlled trial of vitamin E in patients with coronary disease: Cambridge Heart Antioxidant Study. Lancet (1996) 347 781786.
Strike, PC, Magid, K, Brydon, L, Edwards, S, McEwan, JR & Steptoe, AExaggerated platelet and hemodynamic reactivity to mental stress in men with coronary artery disease. Psychosom Med (2004) 66 492500.
Strike, PC & Steptoe, ASystematic review of mental stress-induced myocardial ischaemia. Eur Heart J (2003) 24 690703.
Strike, PC, Steptoe, ABehavioral and emotional triggers of acute coronary syndromes: a systematic review and critique. Psychosom Med (2005) 67 179186.
Taddei, S, Virdis, A, Ghiadoni, L, Magagna, A & Salvetti, AVitamin C improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation by restoring nitric oxide activity in essential hypertension. Circulation (1998) 97 22222229.
Thies, F, Garry, JM, Yaqoob, P, Rerkasem, K, Williams, J, Shearman, CP, Gallagher, PJ, Calder, PC & Grimble, RFAssociation of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with stability of atherosclerotic plaques: a randomised controlled trial. uLancet (2003) 361 477485.
Thun, MJ, Peto, R, Lopez, AD, Monaco, JH, Henley, SJ, Heath, CW Jr & Doll, RAlcohol consumption and mortality among middle-aged and elderly U.S. adults. N Engl J Med (1997) 337 17051714.
Toole, JF, Malinow, MR, Chambless, LESpence, JD, Pettigrew, LC, Howard, VJ, Sides, EG, Wang, CH & Stampfer, MLowering homocysteine in patients with ischemic stroke to prevent recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, and death: the Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention (VISP) randomized controlled trial. JAMA (2004) 291 565575.
Vita, JATea consumption and cardiovascular disease: effects on endothelial function. J Nutr (2003) 133 3293S3297S.
Vita, JAThe effects of flavonoids on the vascular endothelium Am J Clin Nutr (2005) 81 292S297S.
Vita, JA & Keaney, JF JrEndothelial function: a barometer for cardiovascular risk? Circulation (2002) 106 640642.
von Schacky, C, Angerer, P, Kothny, W, Theisen, K & Mudra, HThe effect of dietary omega-3 fatty acids on coronary atherosclerosis. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Intern Med (1999) 130 554562.
Waters, DD, Alderman, EL & Hsia, JEffects of hormone replacement therapy and antioxidant vitamin supplements on coronary atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA (2002) 288 24322440.
Whelan, AP, Sutherland, WH, McCormick, MP, Yeoman, DJ, de Jong, SA & Williams, MJEffects of white and red wine on endothelial function in subjects with coronary artery disease. Intern Med J (2004) 34 224228.
Whelton, SP, He, J, Whelton, PK & Muntner, PMeta-analysis of observational studies on fish intake and coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol (2004) 93 11191123.
White, CSuspected research fraud: difficulties of getting at the truth. BMJ (2005) 331 281288.
Widlansky, ME, Duffy, SJ, Hamburg, NM, Gokce, N, Warden, BA, Wiseman, S, Keaney, JF JrFrei, B & Vita, JAEffects of black tea consumption on plasma catechins and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in patients with coronary artery disease. Free Radic Biol Med (2005) 38 499506.
Williams, MJ, Sutherland, WH, Whelan, AP, McCormick, MP & de Jong, SAAcute effect of drinking red and white wines on circulating levels of inflammation-sensitive molecules in men with coronary artery disease. Metabolism (2004) 53 318323.
Zeitler, H, Ko, Y, Zimmermann, C, Nickenig, G, Glanzer, K, Walger, P, Sachinidis, A & Vetter, HElevated serum concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules in coronary artery disease and acute myocardial infarction. Eur J Med Res (1997) 2 389394.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed