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Low-maintenance energy requirements of obese dogs after weight loss

  • Alexander J. German (a1), Shelley L. Holden (a1), Nicola J. Mather (a1), Penelope J. Morris (a2) and Vincent Biourge (a3)...
Abstract

Weight rebound after successful weight loss is a well-known phenomenon in humans and dogs, possibly due to the fact that energy restriction improves metabolic efficiency, reducing post-weight-loss maintenance energy requirements (MER). The aim of the present study was to estimate post-weight-loss MER in obese pet dogs that had successfully lost weight and did not subsequently rebound. A total of twenty-four obese dogs, successfully completing a weight management programme at the Royal Canin Weight Management Clinic, University of Liverpool (Wirral, UK), were included. In all dogs, a period of >14 d of stable weight ( < 1 % change) was identified post-weight loss, when food intake was constant and activity levels were stable (assessed via owners' diary records). Post-weight-loss MER was indirectly estimated by determining dietary energy consumption during this stable weight period. Multivariable linear regression was used to identify factors that were associated with post-weight-loss MER. The mean length of stable weight after weight loss was 54 (sd 34·1) d. During this time, MER was 285 (sd 54·8) kJ/kg0·75 per d. The rate of prior weight loss and food intake during the weight-loss phase was positively associated with post-weight-loss MER, while the amount of lean tissue lost was negatively associated with post-weight-loss MER. MER are low after weight loss in obese pet dogs (typically only 10 % more than required during weight-loss MER), which has implications for what should constitute the optimal diet during this period. Preserving lean tissue during weight loss may maximise post-weight-loss MER and help prevent rebound.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: A. J. German, fax +44 151 795 6101, email ajgerman@liv.ac.uk
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2 AJ German , SL Holden , T Bissot , (2007) Dietary energy restriction and successful weight loss in obese client-owned dogs. J Vet Intern Med 21, 11741180.

3 J Gossellin , S Peachey , J Sherington , (2007) Evaluation of dirlotapide for sustained weight loss in overweight Labrador retrievers. J Vet Pharmacol Ther 30, 5565.

4 DP Laflamme & G Kuhlman (1995) The effect of weight loss regimen on subsequent weight maintenance in dogs. Nutr Res 15, 10191028.

5 D Nagaoka , Y Mitsuhashi , R Angell , (2010) Re-induction of obese body weight occurs more rapidly and at lower caloric intake in beagles. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr 94, 287292.

8 AJ German , SL Holden , T Bissot , (2010) A high protein high fibre diet improves weight loss in obese dogs. Vet J 183, 294297.

12 M Weber , T Bissot , E Servet , (2007) A high protein, high fiber diet designed for weight loss improves satiety in dogs. J Vet Intern Med 21, 12031208.

14 EB Pouteau , SM Mariot , LJ Martin , (2002) Rate of carbon dioxide production and energy expenditure in fed and food-deprived adult dogs as determined by indirect calorimetry and isotopic methods. Am J Vet Res 63, 111118.

15 BL Heitmann , L Lissner & M Osler (2000) Do we eat less fat, or just report so? Int J Obes 24, 435442.

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British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
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