This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
4 E Giovanucci (1999) Tomatoes, tomato-based products, lycopene, and cancer: review of the epidemiologic literature. J Nat Cancer Inst 91, 317–331.
5 AV Rao & S Agarwal (2000) Role of antioxidant lycopene in cancer and heart disease. J Am Coll Nutr 19, 563–569.
6 J Levy , E Bosin , Feldman , (1995) Lycopene is a more potent inhibitor of human cancer cell proliferation than either α-carotene or β-carotene. Nutr Cancer 24, 257–266.
7 A Rehman , LC Bourne , Halliwell , (1999) Tomato consumption modulates oxidative DNA damage in humans. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 262, 828–831.
8 M Karas , H Amir , D Fishman , (2000) Lycopene interferes with cell cycle progression and insulin-like growth factor I signaling in mammary cancer cells. Nutr Cancer 36, 101–111.
10 S Pennathur , D Maitra , J Byun , (2010) Potent antioxidant activity of lycopene: a potential role in scavenging hypochlorus acid. Free Rad Biol Med 49, 205–213.
11 H-M Yang , Y-T Yen , C-S Uang , (2011) Growth inhibitory efficacy of lycopene and β-carotene against androgen-independent prostate tumor cells xenografted in nude mice. Mol Nutr Food Res 55, 606–612.
12 TA Bhat & RP Singh (2008) Tumor angiogenesis – a potential target in chemoprevention. Food Chem Toxicol 46, 1334–1345.
13 R Auerbach , R Lewis , B Shinners , (2003) Angiogenesis assays: a critical review. Clin Chem 49, 32–40.
14 A Lee , DI Thurnham & M Chopra (2000) Consumption of tomato products with olive oil but not sunflower oil increases the antioxidant activity of plasma. Free Rad Biol Med 29, 1051–1055.
16 G Maiani , MJP Caston , G Catasta , (2009) Carotenoids: actual knowledge on food sources, intakes, stability and bioavailability and their protective role in humans. Mol Nutr Food Res 53, S194–S218.
17 B Olmedilla , F Granado , S Southon , (2002) A European multicentre, placebo controlled supplementation study with α-tocopherol, carotene-rich palm oil, lutein or lycopene: analysis of serum responses. Clin Sci 102, 447–456.
18 M Porrini , P Riso & G Testolin (1998) Absorption of lycopene from single or daily portions of raw and processed tomatoes. Br J Nutr 80, 353–361.
21 JY Kim , JK Paik , OY Kim , (2011) Effects of lycopene supplementation on oxidative stress and markers of endothelial function in healthy men. Atherosclerosis 215, 189–195.
31 J van Eenwyk , FG Davis & PE Bowen (1991) Dietary and serum carotenoids and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Int J Cancer 48, 34–38.
35 A Dembinska-Kiec , A Polus , B Kiec-Wilk , (2005) Proangiogenic activity of beta-carotene is coupled with activation of endothelial cell chemotaxis. Biochim Biophys Acta 1740, 222–239.
36 C Guruvayoorappan & G Kuttan (2007) Beta-carotene inhibits tumor-specific angiogenesis by altering the cytokine profile and inhibits the nuclear translocation of transcription factors in B16F-10 melanoma cells. Integr Cancer Ther 6, 258–270.
39 E Fuhrmann-Benzakein , AN Ma , L Rubbia-Brandt , (2000) Elevated levels of angiogenic cytokines in the plasma of cancer patients. Int J Cancer 85, 40–45.
40 S Minuzzo , L Moserle , S Indraccolo , (2007) Angiogenesis meets immunology: cytokine gene therapy of cancer. Mol Aspects Med 28, 59–86.
41 RCA Sainson , DA Johnston , HC Chu , (2008) TNF primes endothelial cells for angiogenic sprouting by inducing a tip cell phenotype. Blood 111, 4997–5007.
42 L Malaguarnera , R Imbesi , M Di Rosa , (2005) Action of prolactin, IFN-γ, TNF-α and LPS on heme oxygenase-1 expression and VEGF release in human monocytes/macrophages. Int Immunopharmacol 5, 1458–1469.
46 AV Rao , N Fleshner & S Agarwal (1999) Serum and tissue lycopene and biomarkers of oxidation in prostate cancer patients: a case control study. Nutr Cancer 33, 159–164.
48 BA Teicher (1995) Angiogenesis and cancer metastases: therapeutic approaches. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 20, 9–39.
50 H Salman , M Bergman , M Djaldetti , (2007) Lycopene affects proliferation and apoptosis of four malignant cell lines. Biomed Pharmacother 61, 366–369.
51 P Palozza , RE Simone , A Catalano , (2011) Tomato lycopene and lung cancer prevention: from experimental to human studies. Cancers 3, 2333–2357.
52 U Cavallaro & G Christofori (2000) Molecular mechanisms of tumor angiogenesis and tumor progression. J Neurooncol 50, 63–70.
53 A Heidenreich , G Aus , M Bolla , (2008) EAU guidelines on prostate cancer. Eur Urol 53, 68–80.