1Allan K & Devereux G (2011) Diet and asthma: nutrition implications from prevention to treatment. J Am Diet Assoc 111, 258–268.
2Tricon S, Willers S, Smit HA, et al. (2006) Nutrition and allergic disease. Clin Experimen Aller Rev 6, 117–188.
3Varraso R (2012) Nutrition and asthma. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 12, 201–210.
4Willers SM, Devereux G, Craig LC, et al. (2007) Maternal food consumption during pregnancy and asthma, respiratory and atopic symptoms in 5-year-old children. Thorax 62, 773–779.
5Miyake Y, Sasaki S, Tanaka K, et al. (2010) Consumption of vegetables, fruit, and antioxidants during pregnancy and wheeze and eczema in infants. Allergy 65, 758–765.
6Romieu I, Torrent M, Garcia-Esteban R, et al. (2007) Maternal fish intake during pregnancy and atopy and asthma in infancy. Clin Exp Allergy 37, 518–525.
7Sausenthaler S, Koletzko S, Schaaf B, et al. (2007) Maternal diet during pregnancy in relation to eczema and allergic sensitization in the offspring at 2 y of age. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 530–537.
8Salam MT, Li YF, Langholz B, et al. (2005) Maternal fish consumption during pregnancy and risk of early childhood asthma. J Asthma 42, 513–518.
9Miyake Y, Sasaki S, Tanaka K, et al. (2009) Maternal fat consumption during pregnancy and risk of wheeze and eczema in Japanese infants aged 16–24 months: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Thorax 64, 815–821.
10Martindale S, McNeill G, Devereux G, et al. (2005) Antioxidant intake in pregnancy in relation to wheeze and eczema in the first two years of life. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 171, 121–128.
11Litonjua AA, Rifas-Shiman SL, Ly NP, et al. (2006) Maternal antioxidant intake in pregnancy and wheezing illnesses in children at 2 y of age. Am J Clin Nutr 84, 903–911.
12Devereux G, Turner SW, Craig LC, et al. (2006) Low maternal vitamin E intake during pregnancy is associated with asthma in 5-year-old children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 174, 499–507.
13Camargo CA Jr, Rifas-Shiman SL, Litonjua AA, et al. (2007) Maternal intake of vitamin D during pregnancy and risk of recurrent wheeze in children at 3 y of age. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 788–795.
14Devereux G, Litonjua AA, Turner SW, et al. (2007) Maternal vitamin D intake during pregnancy and early childhood wheezing. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 853–859.
15Jacobs DR Jr & Steffen LM (2003) Nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns as exposures in research: a framework for food synergy. Am J Clin Nutr 78, 508S–513S.
16Shaheen SO, Northstone K, Newson RB, et al. (2009) Dietary patterns in pregnancy and respiratory and atopic outcomes in childhood. Thorax 64, 411–417.
17Lange NE, Rifas-Shiman SL, Camargo CA, et al. (2010) Maternal dietary pattern during pregnancy is not associated with recurrent wheeze in children. J Allergy Clin Immunol 126, .
18Chatzi L, Torrent M, Romieu I, et al. (2008) Mediterranean diet in pregnancy is protective for wheeze and atopy in childhood. Thorax 63, 507–513.
19Miyake Y, Okubo H, Sasaki S, et al. (2011) Maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy and risk of wheeze and eczema in Japanese infants aged 16–24 months: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 22, 734–741.
20Guxens M, Ballester F, Espada M, et al. (2012) Cohort Profile: The INMA – INfancia y Medio Ambiente – (Environment and Childhood) Project. Int J Epidemiol 41, 930–940.
21Chatzi L & Kogevinas M (2009) Prenatal and childhood Mediterranean diet and the development of asthma and allergies in children. Public Health Nutr 12, 1629–1634.
22Regidor E, Martinez D, Calle ME, et al. (2008) Socioeconomic patterns in the use of public and private health services and equity in health care. BMC Health Serv Res 8, 183.
23Davey GK, Spencer EA, Appleby PN, et al. (2003) EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK. Public Health Nutr 6, 259–269.
24Chatzi L, Plana E, Daraki V, et al. (2009) Metabolic syndrome in early pregnancy and risk of preterm birth. Am J Epidemiol 170, 829–836.
25Willett WC, Sampson L, Stampfer MJ, et al. (1985) Reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol 122, 51–65.
26Vioque J, Navarette-Muñoz EM, Gimerez-Monzó D, et al. (2013) Reproducibility and validity of a food frequency questionnaire among pregnant women in a Mediterranear area. Nutr J 12, 26.
27Chatzi L, Melaki V, Sarri K, et al. (2011) Dietary patterns during pregnancy and the risk of postpartum depression: the mother–child ‘Rhea’ cohort in Crete, Greece. Public Health Nutr 14, 1663–1670.
28Trichopoulou A, Costacou T, Bamia C, et al. (2003) Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and survival in a Greek population. N Engl J Med 348, 2599–2608.
29Chatzi L, Mendez M, Garcia R, et al. (2012) Mediterranean diet adherence during pregnancy and fetal growth: INMA (Spain) and RHEA (Greece) mother–child cohort studies. Br J Nutr 107, 135–145.
30Anonymous (1998) Worldwide variations in the prevalence of asthma symptoms: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Eur Respir J 12, 315–335.
31Pattenden S, Antova T, Neuberger M, et al. (2006) Parental smoking and children's respiratory health: independent effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure. Tob Control 15, 294–301.
32Palaniappan U, Jacobs Starkey L, O'Loughlin J, et al. (2001) Fruit and vegetable consumption is lower and saturated fat intake is higher among Canadians reporting smoking. J Nutr 131, 1952–1958.
33Willett WC, Sacks F, Trichopoulou A, et al. (1995) Mediterranean diet pyramid: a cultural model for healthy eating. Am J Clin Nutr 61, 1402S–1406S.
34Trichopoulou A & Lagiou P (1997) Healthy traditional Mediterranean diet: an expression of culture, history, and lifestyle. Nutr Rev 55, 383–389.
35Bach A, Serra-Majem L, Carrasco JL, et al. (2006) The use of indexes evaluating the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in epidemiological studies: a review. Public Health Nutr 9, 132–146.
36Bloomberg GR (2011) The influence of environment, as represented by diet and air pollution, upon incidence and prevalence of wheezing illnesses in young children. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 11, 144–149.
37Nurmatov U, Devereux G & Sheikh A (2011) Nutrients and foods for the primary prevention of asthma and allergy: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 127, 724–733.e1–e30.
38Nagel G, Weinmayr G, Kleiner A, et al. (2010) Effect of diet on asthma and allergic sensitisation in the International Study on Allergies and Asthma in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Two. Thorax 65, 516–522.
39Barros R, Moreira A, Fonseca J, et al. (2008) Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and fresh fruit intake are associated with improved asthma control. Allergy 63, 917–923.
40Barros R, Moreira A, Fonseca J, et al. (2011) Dietary intake of alpha-linolenic acid and low ratio of n-6:n-3 PUFA are associated with decreased exhaled NO and improved asthma control. Br J Nutr 106, 441–450.
41de Batlle J, Garcia-Aymerich J, Barraza-Villarreal A, et al. (2008) Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced asthma and rhinitis in Mexican children. Allergy 63, 1310–1316.
42Martinez FD, Wright AL, Taussig LM, et al. (1995) Asthma and wheezing in the first six years of life. The Group Health Medical Associates. N Engl J Med 332, 133–138.
43Wright AL, Taussig LM, Ray CG, et al. (1989) The Tucson Children's Respiratory Study. II. Lower respiratory tract illness in the first year of life. Am J Epidemiol 129, 1232–1246.
44Samet JM, Tager IB & Speizer FE (1983) The relationship between respiratory illness in childhood and chronic air-flow obstruction in adulthood. Am Rev Respir Dis 127, 508–523.
45Jakszyn P, Agudo A, Ibanez R, et al. (2004) Development of a food database of nitrosamines, heterocyclic amines, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. J Nutr 134, 2011–2014.
46Weiland SK, von Mutius E, Husing A, et al. (1999) Intake of trans fatty acids and prevalence of childhood asthma and allergies in Europe. ISAAC Steering Committee. Lancet 353, 2040–2041.
47Thijs C, Muller A, Rist L, et al. (2011) Fatty acids in breast milk and development of atopic eczema and allergic sensitisation in infancy. Allergy 66, 58–67.
48Wijga AH, van Houwelingen AC, Kerkhof M, et al. (2006) Breast milk fatty acids and allergic disease in preschool children: the Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy birth cohort study. J Allergy Clin Immunol 117, 440–447.
49Ricciardolo FL, Di Stefano A, Sabatini F, et al. (2006) Reactive nitrogen species in the respiratory tract. Eur J Pharmacol 533, 240–252.
50Kharitonov SA & Barnes PJ (2003) Nitric oxide, nitrotyrosine, and nitric oxide modulators in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 3, 121–129.
51Varraso R, Jiang R, Barr RG, et al. (2007) Prospective study of cured meats consumption and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in men. Am J Epidemiol 166, 1438–1445.
52Wickens K, Barry D, Friezema A, et al. (2005) Fast foods – are they a risk factor for asthma? Allergy 60, 1537–1541.
53Garcia-Marcos L, Canflanca IM, Garrido JB, et al. (2007) Relationship of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis with obesity, exercise and Mediterranean diet in Spanish schoolchildren. Thorax 62, 503–508.
54Saito K, Yokoyama T, Miyake Y, et al. (2010) Maternal meat and fat consumption during pregnancy and suspected atopic eczema in Japanese infants aged 3–4 months: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 21, 38–46.
55Riedler J, Braun-Fahrlander C, Eder W, et al. (2001) Exposure to farming in early life and development of asthma and allergy: a cross-sectional survey. Lancet 358, 1129–1133.
56Miyake Y, Sasaki S, Tanaka K, et al. (2010) Dairy food, calcium and vitamin D intake in pregnancy, and wheeze and eczema in infants. Eur Respir J 35, 1228–1234.
57Willers SM, Wijga AH, Brunekreef B, et al. (2008) Maternal food consumption during pregnancy and the longitudinal development of childhood asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 178, 124–131.
58Maslova E, Halldorsson TI, Strom M, et al. (2012) Low-fat yoghurt intake in pregnancy associated with increased child asthma and allergic rhinitis risk: a prospective cohort study. J Nutr Sci (Epublication ahead of print version 6 July 2012).
59Meltzer HM, Brantsaeter AL, Ydersbond TA, et al. (2008) Methodological challenges when monitoring the diet of pregnant women in a large study: experiences from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Matern Child Nutr 4, 14–27.
60Goksor E, Thengilsdottir H, Alm B, et al. (2011) Prenatal paracetamol exposure and risk of wheeze at preschool age. Acta Paediatr 100, 1567–1571.
61Kummeling I, Stelma FF, Dagnelie PC, et al. (2007) Early life exposure to antibiotics and the subsequent development of eczema, wheeze, and allergic sensitization in the first 2 years of life: the KOALA Birth Cohort Study. Pediatrics 119, e225–e231.
62Wennergren G (2011) Paracetamol – accumulating reports of an association with allergy and asthma. Acta Paediatr 100, 12–13.