This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1 PE Ronksley , SE Brien , BJ Turner , (2011) Association of alcohol consumption with selected cardiovascular disease outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 342, d671.
2 DO Baliunas , BJ Taylor , H Irving , (2009) Alcohol as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes Care 32, 2123–2132.
3 P Libby , PM Ridker & GK Hansson (2011) Progress and challenges in translating the biology of atherosclerosis. Nature 473, 317–325.
4 JK Pai , T Pischon , J Ma , (2004) Inflammatory markers and the risk of coronary heart disease in men and women. N Engl J Med 351, 2599–2610.
5 JC Pickup (2004) Inflammation and activated innate immunity in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 27, 813–823.
7 G Szabo & P Mandrekar (2009) A recent perspective on alcohol, immunity, and host defense. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33, 220–232.
8 JK Pai , SE Hankinson , R Thadhani , (2006) Moderate alcohol consumption and lower levels of inflammatory markers in US men and women. Atherosclerosis 186, 113–120.
9 A Imhof , M Froehlich , H Brenner , (2001) Effect of alcohol consumption on systemic markers of inflammation. Lancet 357, 763–767.
10 MA Albert , RJ Glynn & PM Ridker (2003) Alcohol consumption and plasma concentration of C-reactive protein. Circulation 107, 443–447.
11 J Romeo , J Warnberg , E Nova , (2007) Changes in the immune system after moderate beer consumption. Ann Nutr Metab 51, 359–366.
12 A Sierksma , MS van der Gaag , C Kluft , (2001) Effect of moderate alcohol consumption on fibrinogen levels in healthy volunteers is discordant with effects on C-reactive protein. Ann N Y Acad Sci 936, 630–633.
14 JW Beulens , R van den Berg , FJ Kok , (2008) Moderate alcohol consumption and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18, 539–544.
15 P Mandrekar , A Dolganiuc , G Bellerose , (2002) Acute alcohol inhibits the induction of nuclear regulatory factor kappa B activation through CD14/toll-like receptor 4, interleukin-1, and tumor necrosis factor receptors: a common mechanism independent of inhibitory kappa B alpha degradation? Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26, 1609–1614.
16 P Mandrekar , D Catalano , B White , (2006) Moderate alcohol intake in humans attenuates monocyte inflammatory responses: inhibition of nuclear regulatory factor kappa B and induction of interleukin 10. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30, 135–139.
18 M Bouwens , O van de Rest , N Dellschaft , (2009) Fish-oil supplementation induces anti-inflammatory gene expression profiles in human blood mononuclear cells. Am J Clin Nutr 90, 415–424.
19 GC Bakker , MJ van Erk , L Pellis , (2010) An anti-inflammatory dietary mix modulates inflammation and oxidative and metabolic stress in overweight men: a nutrigenomics approach. Am J Clin Nutr 91, 1044–1059.
20 M Bottcher , O Beck & A Helander (2008) Evaluation of a new immunoassay for urinary ethyl glucuronide testing. Alcohol Alcohol 43, 46–48.
21 SE Brien , PE Ronksley , BJ Turner , (2011) Effect of alcohol consumption on biological markers associated with risk of coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of interventional studies. BMJ 342, d636.
22 S Bijlsma , I Bobeldijk , ER Verheij , (2006) Large-scale human metabolomics studies: a strategy for data (pre-) processing and validation. Anal Chem 78, 567–574.
23 MM Joosten , JW Beulens , S Kersten , (2008) Moderate alcohol consumption increases insulin sensitivity and ADIPOQ expression in postmenopausal women: a randomised, crossover trial. Diabetologia 51, 1375–1381.
24 R Marfella , F Cacciapuoti , M Siniscalchi , (2006) Effect of moderate red wine intake on cardiac prognosis after recent acute myocardial infarction of subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabet Med 23, 974–981.
25 C Thamer , M Haap , A Fritsche , (2004) Relationship between moderate alcohol consumption and adiponectin and insulin sensitivity in a large heterogeneous population. Diabetes Care 27, 1240.
26 MM Joosten , SE Chiuve , KJ Mukamal , (2011) Changes in alcohol consumption and subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes in men. Diabetes 60, 74–79.
27 JW Beulens , LJ van Loon , FJ Kok , (2007) The effect of moderate alcohol consumption on adiponectin oligomers and muscle oxidative capacity: a human intervention study. Diabetologia 50, 1388–1392.
28 MM Joosten , RF Witkamp & HF Hendriks (2011) Alterations in total and high-molecular-weight adiponectin after 3 weeks of moderate alcohol consumption in premenopausal women. Metabolism 60, 1058–1063.
29 J Hung , BM McQuillan , PL Thompson , (2008) Circulating adiponectin levels associate with inflammatory markers, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome independent of obesity. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, 772–779.
30 K Kantartzis , K Rittig , B Balletshofer , (2006) The relationships of plasma adiponectin with a favorable lipid profile, decreased inflammation, and less ectopic fat accumulation depend on adiposity. Clin Chem 52, 1934–1942.
31 G Pelaia , A Vatrella , G Cuda , (2003) Molecular mechanisms of corticosteroid actions in chronic inflammatory airway diseases. Life Sci 72, 1549–1561.
32 CE Wrede , R Buettner , LC Bollheimer , (2006) Association between serum ferritin and the insulin resistance syndrome in a representative population. Eur J Endocrinol 154, 333–340.
33 JB Whitfield , G Zhu , AC Heath , (2001) Effects of alcohol consumption on indices of iron stores and of iron stores on alcohol intake markers. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 25, 1037–1045.
34 R Jiang , JE Manson , JB Meigs , (2004) Body iron stores in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in apparently healthy women. JAMA 291, 711–717.
35 KJ Mukamal , SE Chiuve & EB Rimm (2006) Alcohol consumption and risk for coronary heart disease in men with healthy lifestyles. Arch Intern Med 166, 2145–2150.
36 MM Joosten , DE Grobbee , DL van der A , (2010) Combined effect of alcohol consumption and lifestyle behaviors on risk of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr 91, 1777–1783.