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Moderate coffee consumption is inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome in the Korean adult population

  • Youngyo Kim (a1) and Youjin Je (a1)

Abstract

Results from studies investigating the association between coffee consumption and the metabolic syndrome in Koreans have been inconsistent and remain controversial. We examined coffee intake in relation to the metabolic syndrome using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012–2015, with 8387 adults aged 19–64 years. Furthermore, we conducted a stratified analysis by obesity status (BMI <25 v. ≥25 kg/m2) to examine whether the association varied by obesity status. A 112-item FFQ was used to assess diet. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine the association of coffee consumption (<1, 1–2, 3–4 and ≥5 times/d) and the metabolic syndrome. Compared to people who consumed <1 time/d of coffee, the OR for the metabolic syndrome in those who consumed 3–4 times/d of coffee was 0·75 (95 % CI 0·58, 0·97). However, ≥5 times/d of coffee consumption was not significantly associated with the metabolic syndrome. By obesity status, in non-obese people, those consuming more coffee had lower odds of the metabolic syndrome, showing a significant linear trend (P-trend=0·0248). In obese people, the OR for the metabolic syndrome in people with 3–4 times/d of coffee consumption v. <1 time/d was 0·68 (95 % CI 0·50, 0·93), but ≥5 times/d of coffee consumption showed a non-significant positive association. Our findings suggest that moderate coffee consumption of 3–4 times/d is inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome in Korean adults. The association between heavy coffee consumption of ≥5 times/d and the metabolic syndrome varied by obesity status.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Y. Je, fax +82 2 961 0538, email youjinje@khu.ac.kr

References

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British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
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