Stevens, GA, Finucane, MM, De-Regil, LM, et al. (2013) Global, regional, and national trends in haemoglobin concentration and prevalence of total and severe anaemia in children and pregnant and non-pregnant women for 1995–2011: a systematic analysis of population-representative data. Lancet Glob Health
Black, RE, Victora, CG, Walker, SP, et al. (2013) Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet
Li, M, Hu, Y, Mao, D, et al. (2017) Prevalence of anemia among Chinese rural residents. Nutrients
Huang, L, Purvarshi, G, Wang, S, et al. (2015) The influence of iron-deficiency anemia during the Pregnancy on preterm birth and birth weight in South China. J Food Nutr Res
Xing, Y, Yan, H, Dang, S, et al. (2009) Hemoglobin levels and anemia evaluation during pregnancy in the highlands of Tibet: a hospital-based study. BMC Public Health
Xing, Y, Yan, H, Dang, SN, et al. (2008) [Levels of hemoglobin concentration and anemia during pregnancy in Lhasa]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
Kang, Y, Li, F, Dang, S, et al. (2014) [Study on the Hemoglobin levels among the Tibetan pregnant women in rural Lhasa]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
Levy, A, Fraser, D, Katz, M, et al. (2005) Maternal anemia during pregnancy is an independent risk factor for low birthweight and preterm delivery. Eur J Obstet Gynecolo Reprod Biol
Williams, LA, Evans, SF & Newnham, JP (1997) Prospective cohort study of factors influencing the relative weights of the placenta and the newborn infant. BMJ
Gonzales, GF, Tapia, V & Fort, AL (2012) Maternal and perinatal outcomes in second hemoglobin measurement in nonanemic women at first booking: effect of altitude of residence in Peru.
ISRN Obstet Gynecol
Jwa, SC, Fujiwara, T, Yamanobe, Y, et al. (2015) Changes in maternal hemoglobin during pregnancy and birth outcomes. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth
Class, QA, Rickert, ME, Lichtenstein, P, et al. (2014) Birth weight, physical morbidity, and mortality: a population-based sibling-comparison study. Am J Epidemiol
Zhou, J, Zeng, L, Dang, S, et al. (2016) Maternal prenatal nutrition and birth outcomes on malnutrition among 7- to 10-year-old children: a 10-year follow-up. J Pediatr
178, 40–46, e43.
Chang, S, Zeng, L, Brouwer, ID, et al. (2013) Effect of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy on child mental development in rural China. Pediatrics
Zhang, TL (1997) Population Development in Tibet and Related Issues, 1st ed. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1995) Altitude Hemoglobin Curve and CDC Anemia Criteria Which Uses the Altitude Adjustment. Atlanta: CDC.
Moore, LG (1990) Maternal O2 transport and fetal growth in Colorado, Peru, and Tibet high-altitude residents. Am J Hum Biol
Wang, Z, Dang, S & Yan, H (2010) Nutrient intakes of rural Tibetan mothers: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health
Dang, S, Yan, H & Yamamoto, S (2008) High altitude and early childhood growth retardation: new evidence from Tibet. Eur J Clin Nutr
Bianba, Z, Pubu, Z & Kang, YJ (2014) Analysis on the status of Tibetan newborn birth weight and its impact factors in Lhasa city. Chin J Perinat Med
Yu, DM, Zhao, LY, Liu, AD, et al. (2007) [Incidence of low birth weight of neonates and the influencing factors in China]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi, 41 Suppl., 150–154.
Haider, BA & Bhutta, ZA (2015) Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, issue 11, CD004905.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1998) Recommendations to prevent and control iron deficiency in the United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR Recomm Rep
Haider, BA, Olofin, I, Wang, M, et al. (2013) Anaemia, prenatal iron use, and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ
Osrin, D, Vaidya, A, Shrestha, Y, et al. (2005) Effects of antenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation on birthweight and gestational duration in Nepal: double-blind, randomised controlled trial. Lancet
McLean, E, Cogswell, M, Egli, I, et al. (2009) Worldwide prevalence of anaemia, WHO Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System, 1993–2005. Public Health Nutr
Steer, P, Alam, MA, Wadsworth, J, et al. (1995) Relation between maternal haemoglobin concentration and birth weight in different ethnic groups. BMJ
Zeng, L, Yan, H & Chen, Z (2008) [Measurement of the living standards of family in rural area and relationship between wealth index and perinatal care status]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
Yue, LQ (2007) Statistical and regulatory issues with the application of propensity score analysis to nonrandomized medical device clinical studies. J Biopharm Stat
17, 1–13 discussion 15–17, 19–21, 23–17 passim.
Zeng, L, Dibley, MJ, Cheng, Y, et al. (2008) Impact of micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy on birth weight, duration of gestation, and perinatal mortality in rural western China: double blind cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ
Wu, G (2009) Amino acids: metabolism, functions, and nutrition. Amino Acids
Zimmermann, MB (2006) The influence of iron status on iodine utilization and thyroid function. Annu Rev Nutr
Wu, G, Imhoff-Kunsch, B & Girard, AW (2012) Biological mechanisms for nutritional regulation of maternal health and fetal development. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol, 26 Suppl. 1, 4–26.
McNulty, H & Scott, JM (2008) Intake and status of folate and related B-vitamins: considerations and challenges in achieving optimal status. Br J Nutr, 99 Suppl. 3, S48–S54.
Said, HM (2011) Intestinal absorption of water-soluble vitamins in health and disease. Biochem J
Zhao, G, Xu, G, Zhou, M, et al. (2015) Prenatal iron supplementation reduces maternal anemia, iron deficiency, and iron deficiency anemia in a randomized clinical trial in Rural China, but iron deficiency remains widespread in mothers and neonates. J Nutr
Scholl, TO (2005) Iron status during pregnancy: setting the stage for mother and infant. Am J Clin Nutr
Bothwell, TH (2000) Iron requirements in pregnancy and strategies to meet them. Am J Clin Nutr
Krayenbuehl, PA, Naumann, KU, Kaser, L, et al. (2007) [Iron deficiency anemia in adults. Main symptoms: fatigue, pallor, (stress-) dyspnea, headache, concentration disorders]. Praxis (Bern 1994)
96, 1241–1247; quiz 1248.
Lasch, KF, Evans, CJ & Schatell, D (2009) A qualitative analysis of patient-reported symptoms of anemia. Nephrol Nurs J
36, 621–624, 631–632; quiz 633.
Brunner, C & Wuillemin, WA (2010) [Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia - symptoms and therapy]. Ther Umsch
Alexander, GR, Himes, JH, Kaufman, RB, et al. (1996) A United States national reference for fetal growth. Obstet Gynecol
Furness, D, Fenech, M, Dekker, G, et al. (2013) Folate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6 and homocysteine: impact on pregnancy outcome. Matern Child Nutr
Qureshi, SB, Ahmad, M, Qureshi, PMA, et al. (2010) Hyperhomocysteinaemia, vascular related pregnancy complications and the response to vitamin supplementation in pregnant women of Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc
Ashworth, CJ & Antipatis, C (2001) Micronutrient programming of development throughout gestation. Reproduction
Siega-Riz, AM, Hartzema, AG, Turnbull, C, et al. (2006) The effects of prophylactic iron given in prenatal supplements on iron status and birth outcomes: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol
Liu, JM, Mei, Z, Ye, R, et al. (2013) Micronutrient supplementation and pregnancy outcomes: double-blind randomized controlled trial in China. JAMA Intern Med
Shankar, AH, Jahari, AB, Sebayang, SK, et al. (2008) Effect of maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation on fetal loss and infant death in Indonesia: a double-blind cluster-randomised trial. Lancet