1 Howlett J & Ashwell M (2008) Glycemic response and health: summary of a workshop. Am J Clin Nutr 87, suppl, 212S–216S.
2 Dickinson S & Brand-Miller J (2005) Glycemic index, postprandial glycemia and cardiovascular disease. Curr Opin Lipidol 16, 69–75.
3 Augustin LS, Franceschi S, Jenkins DJ, et al. (2002) Glycemic index in chronic disease: a review. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 1049–1071.
4 Livesey G, Taylor R, Hulshof T, et al. (2008) Glycemic response and health – a systematic review and meta-analysis: relations between dietary glycemic properties and health outcomes. Am J Clin Nutr 87, Suppl., 258S–268S.
5 Benton D & Nabb S (2003) Carbohydrate, memory, and mood. Nutr Rev 61, S61–S67.
6 Siu PM & Wong SH (2004) Use of the glycemic index: effects on feeding patterns and exercise performance. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci 23, 1–6.
7 Lina BAR, Jonker D & Kozianowski G (2002) Isomaltulose (Palatinose): a review of biological and toxicological studies. Food Chem Toxicol 40, 1383–1389.
8 Mauch W & Schmidt-Berg-Lorenz S (1964) Über den bakteriell-enzymatischen Umlagerungsmechanismus Saccharose. Isomaltulose (6-(α-d-Glucosyl)-d-Fruktose) (About the mechanism of bacterial-enzymatic rearrangement of sucrose. Isomaltulose (6-(α-d-glucosyl)-d-fructose)). Zeitschrift für die Zuckerindustrie 14, 309–315 .
9 Schiweck H (1980) Palatinit® Herstellung, technologische Eigenschaften und Analytik palatinithaltiger Lebensmittel (Palatinit® production, technological characteristics and analysis of Palatinit-containing food). Alimenta 19, 5–16.
10 Schiweck H, Munir M, Rapp KM, et al. (1990) New developments in the use of sucrose as an industrial bulk chemical. Neue Entwicklungen in der Verwendung von Saccharose als Rohstoffe für die chemische Industrie. 1. Zuckerindustrie 115, 555–565.
11 EU Commission Decision 2005/581/EC of 25th July 2005 authorising the placing on the market of isomaltulose as a novel food or novel food ingredient under Regulation (EC) no 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council. .
12 FDA (2006) .
13 Jonker D, Lina BAR & Kozianowski G (2002) 13-Week oral toxicity study with isomaltulose (Palatinose) in rats. Food Chem Toxicol 40, 1383–1389.
14 Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K & Brand-Miller JC (2008) International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008. Diabetes Care 31, 2281–2283.
15 Graham I, Atar D, Borch-Johnsen K, et al. (2007) European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: executive summary. Eur Heart J 28, 2375–2414.
16 Cummings JH & Wiggings HS (1976) Transit through the gut measured by analysis of a single stool. Gut 17, 219–223.
17 Gostner A, Schäffer V, Theis S, et al. (2005) Effects of isomalt consumption on gastrointestinal and metabolic parameters in healthy volunteers. Br J Nutr 94, 575–581.
18 Matthews DR, Hosker JP, Rudenski AS, et al. (1985) Homeostasis model assessment: insulin resistance and beta-cell function from fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in man. Diabetologia 28, 412–419.
19 Sandberg AS, Ahderinne R, Andersson H, et al. (1983) The effect of citrus pectin on the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 37, 171–183.
20 Sandberg AS, Andersson H, Hallgren B, et al. (1981) Experimental model for in vivo determination of dietary fibre and its effect on the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Br J Nutr 45, 283–294.
21 Sandberg AS, Andersson H, Kivistö B, et al. (1986) Extrusion cooking of a high-fibre cereal product. 1. Effects on digestibility and absorption of protein, fat, starch, dietary fibre and phytate in the small intestine. Br J Nutr 55, 245–254.
22 Englyst HN & Cummings JH (1985) Digestion of the polysaccharides of some cereal foods in the human small intestine. Am J Clin Nutr 42, 778–787.
23 Englyst HN & Cummings JH (1987) Digestion of polysaccharides of potato in the small intestine of man. Am J Clin Nutr 45, 423–431.
24 Normén L, Laerke HN, Jensen BB, et al. (2001) Small-bowel absorption of D-tagatose and related effects on carbohydrate digestibility: an ileostomy study. Am J Clin Nutr 73, 105–110. .
25 Liu S, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, et al. (2001) Dietary glycemic load assessed by food-frequency questionnaire in relation to plasma high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and fasting plasma triacylglycerols in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 73, 560–566.
26 Amano Y, Kawakubo K, Lee JS, et al. (2004) Correlation between dietary glycemic index and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Japanese women. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 1472–1478.
27 Slyper A, Jurva J, Pleuss J, et al. (2005) Influence of glycemic load on HDL cholesterol in youth. Am J Clin Nutr 81, 376–379.
28 Murakami K, Sasaki S, Takahashi Y, et al. (2006) Dietary glycemic index and load in relation to metabolic risk factors in Japanese female farmers with traditional dietary habits. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 1161–1169.
29 Opperman AM, Venter CS, Oosthuizen W, et al. (2004) Meta-analysis of the health effects of using the glycemic index in meal-planning. Br J Nutr 92, 367–381.
30 Jenkins DJ, Wolever TM, Kalmusky J, et al. (1987) Low-glycemic index diet in hyperlipidemia: use of traditional starchy foods. Am J Clin Nutr 46, 66–71.
31 Brand-Miller J, Hayne S, Petocz P, et al. (2003) Low-glycemic index diets in the management of diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Diabetes Care 26, 2261–2267.