Baeuerle, PA & Baltimore, D (1988) Activation of DNA binding activity in an apparently cytoplasmic precursor of the NF-κB transcriptional factor. Cell 53, 211–217.
Davies, KJA, Quintanilha, AT, Brooks, GA & Packer, L (1982) Free radicals and tissue damage produced by exercise. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 107, 1198–1205.
Gomez-Cabrera, MC, Pallardo, FV, Sastre, J, Viña, J, Garcia-del-Moral, L (2003) Allopurinol and markers of muscle damage among participants in the Tour de France. JAMA 289, 2503–2504.
Harris, R & Ukaejiofo, EO (1970) Tissue typing using a routine one-step lymphocyte separation procedure. Br J Haematol 18, 229–235.
Heunks, LM, Viña, J, van Herwaarden, CL, Folgering, HT, Gimeno, A & Dekhuijzen, PN (1999) Xanthine oxidase is involved in exercise-induced oxidative stress in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Physiol 277, 1697–1704.
Hollander, J, Fiebig, R, Gore, M, Ookawara, T, Ohno, H & Ji, LL (2001) Superoxide dismutase gene expression is activated by a single bout of exercise in rat skeletal muscle. Pflugers Arch 442, 426–434.
Ji, LL, Gomez-Cabrera, MC, Steinhafel, N, Viña, J (2004) Acute exercise activates nuclear factor (NF) κB signaling pathway in rat skeletal muscle. FASEB J 18 1500–1506.
Khassaf, M, McArdle, A & Esanu, C et al. (2003) Effect of vitamin C supplements on antioxidant defence and stress proteins in human lymphocytes and skeletal muscle. J Physiol 549, 645–652.
Reid, MB (2001) Redox modulation of skeletal muscle contraction: what we know and what we don't. J Appl Physiol 90, 724–731.
Salminen, A, Kainulainen, H & Vihko, V (1984) Endurance training and antioxidants of lung. Experientia 15, 822–823.
Sastre, J, Asensi, N & Gascó, E et al. (1992) Exhaustive physical exercise causes oxidation of glutathione status in blood: prevention by antioxidant administration. Am J Physiol 32, R992–R995.
Vider, J, Laaksonen, DE & Kilk, A et al. (2001) Physical exercise induces activation of NF-κB in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Antioxid Redox Signal 3, 1131–1137.
Viña, J, Gimeno, A & Sastre, J et al. (2000 a) Mechanism of free radical production in exhaustive exercise in humans and rats; role of xanthine oxidase and protection by allopurinol. IUBMB Life 49, 539–544.
Viña, J, Gomez-Cabrera, MC & Lloret, A et al. (2000 b) Free radicals in exhaustive physical exercise: mechanism of production, and protection by antioxidants. IUBMB Life 50, 271–277.
Young, SHY, Knight, JA, Hopfer, SM, Zaharia, O, Leach, CN & Sunderman, FW (1987) Lipoperoxides in plasma as measured by liquid-chromatographic separation of malondialdehyde–thiobarbituric acid adduct. Clin Chem 33, 214–220.