Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Polydextrose results in a dose-dependent reduction in ad libitum energy intake at a subsequent test meal

  • Nerys M. Astbury (a1) (a2), Moira A. Taylor (a1) and Ian A. Macdonald (a1)
Abstract

Previous studies have reported that polydextrose can reduce food intake; however, the optimal dose required to achieve this effect is currently unknown. The present study investigated the effects of consuming a range of doses of polydextrose on appetite and energy intake (EI) using a randomised within-subject, cross-over design. For this purpose, twenty-one participants (n 12 men, n 9 women) consumed an 837 kJ liquid preload containing 0 g (control), 6·3, 12·5 or 25 g polydextrose. Subjective appetite ratings were collected using visual analogue scales and an ad libitum test meal was served 90 min later. Participants recorded EI for the remainder of the day in a food diary. Test meal EI following the control preload (5756 (sem 423) kJ) was significantly higher than following the 6·3 g (5048 (sem 384) kJ), 12·5 g (4722 (sem 384) kJ) and 25 g (4362 (sem 316) kJ) preloads (P< 0·05), and EI following the 6·3 g preload was significantly higher than following the 25 g preload (P< 0·01). There were no differences in self-reported EI during the remainder of the day between the preloads containing the varying doses of polydextrose. Total EI (breakfast+preload+ad libitum test meal+remainder of the day) was significantly higher when the control preload was consumed (12 051 (sem 805) kJ) compared with either the 12·5 g (10 854 (sem 589) kJ) or 25 g (10 658 (sem 506) kJ) preload (P< 0·05). These differences in EI were not accompanied by corresponding differences in subjective appetite ratings. In summary, polydextrose effectively reduces subsequent EI in a dose-dependent manner.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Polydextrose results in a dose-dependent reduction in ad libitum energy intake at a subsequent test meal
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Polydextrose results in a dose-dependent reduction in ad libitum energy intake at a subsequent test meal
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Polydextrose results in a dose-dependent reduction in ad libitum energy intake at a subsequent test meal
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr N. M. Astbury, fax +1 212 523 4380, email nerys.astbury@gmail.com
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2 MH Auerbach , SA Craig , JF Howlett , et al. (2007) Caloric availability of polydextrose. Nutr Rev 65, 544549.

3 S Craig , J Holden , J Troup , et al. (1999) Polydextrose as a soluble fiber and complex carbohydrate. In Complex Carbohydrates in Foods [ S Cho , editor]. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker.

5 U Schwab , A Louheranta , A Torronen , et al. (2006) Impact of sugar beet pectin and polydextrose on fasting and postprandial glycemia and fasting concentrations of serum total and lipoprotein lipids in middle-aged subjects with abnormal glucose metabolism. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 10731080.

7 AJ Stunkard & S Messick (1985) The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire to measure dietary restraint, disinhibition and hunger. J Psychosom Res 29, 7183.

8 AT Beck , CH Ward , M Mendelson , et al. (1961) An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry 4, 561571.

10 MR Yeomans (2000) Rating changes over the course of meals: what do they tell us about motivation to eat? Neurosci Biobehav Rev 24, 249259.

11 IM Brennan , KL Feltrin , NS Nair , et al. (2009) Effects of the phases of the menstrual cycle on gastric emptying, glycemia, plasma GLP-1 and insulin, and energy intake in healthy lean women. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 297, G602G610.

12 L Dye & JE Blundell (1997) Menstrual cycle and appetite control: implications for weight regulation. Hum Reprod 12, 11421151.

14 NM Astbury , MA Taylor & IA Macdonald (2011) Breakfast consumption affects appetite, energy intake, and the metabolic and endocrine responses to foods consumed later in the day in male habitual breakfast eaters. J Nutr 141, 13811389.

16 EJ Bertenshaw , A Lluch & MR Yeomans (2008) Satiating effects of protein but not carbohydrate consumed in a between-meal beverage context. Physiol Behav 93, 427436.

17 J Lara , MA Taylor & IA Macdonald (2010) Is ad libitum energy intake in overweight subjects reproducible in laboratory studies using the preload paradigm? Eur J Clin Nutr 64, 10281031.

18 A Astrup (1999) Dietary approaches to reducing body weight. Baillieres Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 13, 109120.

20 AE Black , AM Prentice , GR Goldberg , et al. (1993) Measurements of total energy expenditure provide insights into the validity of dietary measurements of energy intake. J Am Diet Assoc 93, 572579.

21 MB Livingstone , AM Prentice , JJ Strain , et al. (1990) Accuracy of weighed dietary records in studies of diet and health. BMJ 300, 708712.

22 AM Prentice , AE Black , WA Coward , et al. (1986) High levels of energy expenditure in obese women. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 292, 983987.

23 SK Figdor & HH Rennhard (1981) Caloric utilization and disposition of [14C]polydextrose in the rat. J Agric Food Chem 29, 11811189.

25 MR Yeomans & EJ Bertenshaw (2008) Appetite and food intake: a human experimental perspective. In Appetite and Food Intake: Behavioural and Psychological Considerations [ RBS Harris and RD Mattes , editors]. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

27 G Nelson , MA Hoon , J Chandrashekar , et al. (2001) Mammalian sweet taste receptors. Cell 106, 381390.

29 J Dyer , KS Salmon , L Zibrik , et al. (2005) Expression of sweet taste receptors of the T1R family in the intestinal tract and enteroendocrine cells. Biochem Soc Trans 33, 302305.

30 Z Kokrashvili , B Mosinger & RF Margolskee (2009) Taste signaling elements expressed in gut enteroendocrine cells regulate nutrient-responsive secretion of gut hormones. Am J Clin Nutr 90, 822S825S.

31 O Chaudhri , C Small & S Bloom (2006) Gastrointestinal hormones regulating appetite. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 361, 11871209.

32 H Tazoe , Y Otomo , S Karaki , et al. (2009) Expression of short-chain fatty acid receptor GPR41 in the human colon. Biomed Res 30, 149156.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 43 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 197 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.