Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The potential health benefits of legumes as a good source of dietary fibre

  • Trinidad P. Trinidad (a1), Aida C. Mallillin (a1), Anacleta S. Loyola (a1), Rosario S. Sagum (a1) and Rosario R. Encabo (a1)...
Abstract

Dietary fibre has been shown to have important health implications in the prevention of risks of chronic diseases. The objective of the present study was to determine the potential health benefits of legumes as a good source of dietary fibre. Six to ten local legumes were studied as follows: cowpeas, mung beans, pole sitao, chickpeas, green peas, groundnuts, pigeon peas, kidney beans, lima beans and soyabeans. The following studies were conducted: (a) mineral availability, in vitro; (b) glycaemic index (GI) in non-diabetic and diabetic human subjects; (c) the cholesterol-lowering effect in human subjects with moderately raised serum cholesterol levels. The highest Fe availability among legumes was for lima beans (9·5 (sem 0·1)) while for Zn and Ca, the highest availability was for kidney beans (49·3 (sem 4·5)) and pigeon peas (75·1 (sem 7·1)), respectively. Groundnuts have the lowest Fe (1·3 (sem 1·1)), Zn (7·9 (sem 1·3)) and Ca (14·6 (sem 2·8)) availability. Legumes are low-GI foods ( < 55), ranging from 6 (chickpeas) to 13 (mung beans). Kidney beans showed significant reductions for both total (6 %) and LDL-cholesterol (9 %), and groundnuts for total cholesterol (7 %; P < 0·05). We conclude that mineral availability from legumes differs and may be attributed to their mineral content, mineral–mineral interaction and from their phytic and tannic acid content; legumes are considered low-GI foods and have shown potential hypocholesterolaemic effects. The above studies can be a scientific basis for considering legumes as functional foods.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The potential health benefits of legumes as a good source of dietary fibre
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The potential health benefits of legumes as a good source of dietary fibre
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The potential health benefits of legumes as a good source of dietary fibre
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Dr Trinidad P. Trinidad, fax +63 2 8391836, email tpt@fnri.dost.gov.ph
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2 WJL Chen , JW Anderson & DJA Jenkins (1984) Propionate may mediate the hypocholesterolemic effects of certain soluble plant fibers in cholesterol-fed rats. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 175, 215218.

3 MA Eastwood , WG Brydon & K Tadesse (1980) Effect of fiber on colonic function. In Medical Aspects of Dietary Fiber, pp. 126 [ GA Spiller and RM Kay , editors]. New York: Plenum Press.

5 DJA Jenkins , A Ghafari , TMS Wolever , (1982) Relationship between rate of digestion of foods and post-prandial glycemia. Diabetologia 22, 250255.

8 JC Brand , S Calaguiri , S Crossman , (1991) Low glycemic index foods improve long-term glycemic control in NIDDM. Diabetes Care 14, 95101.

9 TMS Wolever , DJA Jenkins , V Vuksan , (1992) Beneficial effect of a low glycemic index diet in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Med 9, 451458.

14 TP Trinidad , TMS Wolever & LU Thompson (1996) Availability of calcium for absorption in the small intestine and colon from diets containing available and unavailable carbohydrates: an in vitro assessment. Int J Food Sci Nutr 47, 8388.

15 TMS Wolever , L Katzman-Relle , JL Jenkins , (1994) Glycemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes. Nutr Res 14, 651669.

23 DJA Jenkins , TMS Wolever , AR Leeds , (1978) Dietary fibers, fiber analogues and glucose tolerance: importance of viscosity. BMJ 2, 17441746.

26 FD Nuttall , AD Mooradian , MC Gannon , (1984) Effect of protein ingestion on the glucose and insulin response to a standardized oral glucose load. Diabetes Care 7, 465470.

31Anonymous (1984) The Lipid Research Clinics Coronary Primary Prevention Trial results: II. The relationship of reduction in incidence of coronary heart disease to cholesterol lowering. JAMA 251, 365374.

32 C Bolton-Smith , M Woodward , WCS Smith , (1991) Dietary and non-dietary predictors of serum total and HDL-cholesterol in men and women: results from the Scottish Heart Health Study. Int J Epidemiol 20, 95104.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 51
Total number of PDF views: 269 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 530 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 29th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.