1Roberfroid, M (1997) . In Dietary Fiber in Health and Disease (Advances in Experimental Biology), p. 427 [Kritchevsky, D and Bonfield, C, editors]. New York: Plenum Press.
2Chen, WJL, Anderson, JW & Jenkins, DJA (1984) Propionate may mediate the hypocholesterolemic effects of certain soluble plant fibers in cholesterol-fed rats. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 175, 215–218.
3Eastwood, MA, Brydon, WG & Tadesse, K (1980) . In Medical Aspects of Dietary Fiber, pp. 1–26 [Spiller, GA and Kay, RM, editors]. New York: Plenum Press.
4Creutzfeldt, W (1983) . In Delaying Absorption as a Therapeutic Principle in Metabolic Diseases, p. 1 [Creutzfeldt, W and Folsch, RU, editors]. New York, NY: Thiem-Stratton.
5Jenkins, DJA, Ghafari, A, Wolever, TMS, et al. (1982) Relationship between rate of digestion of foods and post-prandial glycemia. Diabetologia 22, 250–255.
6Collier, GR, Giudici, S, Kalmusky, J, et al. (1988) Low glycemic index starchy foods improve glucose control and lower serum cholesterol in diabetic children. Diabetes Nutr Metab 1, 11–19.
7Fontvieille, AM, Acosta, M, Rizkalla, SW, et al. (1988) A moderate switch from high to low glycemic index foods for three weeks improves the metabolic control of type I (IDDM) diabetic subjects. Diabetes Nutr Metab 1, 139–143.
8Brand, JC, Calaguiri, S, Crossman, S, et al. (1991) Low glycemic index foods improve long-term glycemic control in NIDDM. Diabetes Care 14, 95–101.
9Wolever, TMS, Jenkins, DJA, Vuksan, V, et al. (1992) Beneficial effect of a low glycemic index diet in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Med 9, 451–458.
10Mallillin, AC, Trinidad, TP, Raterta, R, et al. (2008) Dietary fiber and fermentability characteristics of root crops and legumes. Br J Nutr 100, 485–488.
11Association of Official Analytical Chemists (1995) Official Methods of Analysis, 991.43 Supplement. Arlington, VA: AOAC.
12Association of Official Analytical Chemists (1986) Phytate in foods: anion exchange method. J Assoc Off Anal Chem 69, 2.
13Earp, CF, Ring, SH & Rooney, LW (1981) Evaluation of several methods to determine tannins in sorghum with varying kernel characteristics. Cereal Chem 58, 134–138.
14Trinidad, TP, Wolever, TMS & Thompson, LU (1996) Availability of calcium for absorption in the small intestine and colon from diets containing available and unavailable carbohydrates: an in vitro assessment. Int J Food Sci Nutr 47, 83–88.
15Wolever, TMS, Katzman-Relle, L, Jenkins, JL, et al. (1994) Glycemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes. Nutr Res 14, 651–669.
16Wolever, TMS, Jenkins, DJA, Mueller, S, et al. (1994) Method of administration influences the serum-cholesterol lowering effect of psyllium. Am J Clin Nutr 59, 1055–1059.
17Cook, JD, Dassenko, SA & Whittaker, P (1991) Calcium supplementation: effect on iron absorption. Am J Clin Nutr 53, 106–111.
18Davidsson, L, Almgren, A, Sandstrom, B, et al. (1995) Zinc absorption in adult humans: the effect of iron fortification. Br J Nutr 74, 417–425.
19Davidsson, L, Kastenmayer, P & Hurrell, RF (1994) Sodium iron EDTA as a food fortificant: the effect on the absorption and retention of zinc and calcium in women. Am J Clin Nutr 60, 231–237.
20Forbes, RM, Erdman, JW Jr, Parker, HM, et al. (1983) Bioavailability of zinc in coagulated soy protein (tofu) to rats and effect of dietary calcium at a constant phytate:zinc ratio. J Nutr 113, 205–210.
21Brune, M, Rossander, L & Hallberg, L (1989) Iron absorption and phenolic compounds: importance of different phenolic structures. Eur J Clin Nutr 43, 547–548.
22Trinidad, TP, Valdez, DH, Loyola, AS, et al. (2003) Glycemic index of coconut flour products in normal and diabetic subjects. Br J Nutr 90, 551–556.
23Jenkins, DJA, Wolever, TMS, Leeds, AR, et al. (1978) Dietary fibers, fiber analogues and glucose tolerance: importance of viscosity. BMJ 2, 1744–1746.
24Simpson, RW, McDonald, J, Wahlqvist, ML, et al. (1985) Macronutrients have different metabolic effects in non-diabetics and diabetics. Am J Clin Nutr 42, 449–453.
25Peters, AL & Davidson, MB (1993) Protein and fat effects on glucose response and insulin requirements in subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Am J Clin Nutr 58, 555–560.
26Nuttall, FD, Mooradian, AD, Gannon, MC, et al. (1984) Effect of protein ingestion on the glucose and insulin response to a standardized oral glucose load. Diabetes Care 7, 465–470.
27Duane, WC (1997) Effects of legume consumption on serum cholesterol, biliary lipids, and sterol metabolism in humans. J Lipid Res 38, 1120–1128.
28Finley, JW, Burrell, JB & Reeves, PG (2007) Pinto bean consumption changes SCFA profiles in fecal fermentation, bacterial populations of the lower bowel, and lipid profiles in blood of humans. J Nutr 135, 2391–2398.
29Jenkins, DJA, Leeds, AR, Newton, C, et al. (1975) Effect of pectin, guar gum and wheat fibre on serum-cholesterol. Lancet i, 1116–1117.
30Bell, LP, Hectorn, KJ, Reynolds, H, et al. (1990) Cholesterol-lowering effects of soluble fiber cereals as part of a prudent diet for patients with mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia. Am J Clin Nutr 52, 1020–1026.
31Anonymous (1984) The Lipid Research Clinics Coronary Primary Prevention Trial results: II. The relationship of reduction in incidence of coronary heart disease to cholesterol lowering. JAMA 251, 365–374.
32Bolton-Smith, C, Woodward, M, Smith, WCS, et al. (1991) Dietary and non-dietary predictors of serum total and HDL-cholesterol in men and women: results from the Scottish Heart Health Study. Int J Epidemiol 20, 95–104.