Boirie, Y, Gachon, P, Corny, S, Fauquant, J, Maubois, JL & Beaufrere, B (1996) Acute postprandial changes in leucine metabolism as assessed with an intrinsically labeled milk protein. American Journal of Physiology 271, E1083–E1091.
Capaldo, B, Gastaldelli, A, Antoniello, S, Auletta, M, Pardo, F, Ciociaro, D, Guida, R, Ferrannini, E & Sacca, L (1999) Splanchnic and leg substrate exchange after ingestion of a natural mixed meal in humans. Diabetes 48, 958–966.
Delarue, J, Normand, S, Pachiaudi, C, Beylot, M, Lamisse, F & Riou, JP (1993) The contribution of naturally labelled 13C fructose to glucose appearance in humans. Diabetologia 36, 338–345.
Donahue, RP, Prineas, RJ, DeCarlo Donahue, R & Skyler, JS (1996) The female 'insulin advantage' in a biracial cohort: Results from the Miami Community Health Study. International Journal of Obesity 20, 76–82.
Elia, M & Livesey, G (1992) Energy expenditure and fuel selection in biological systems: the theory and practice of calculations based on indirect calorimetry and tracer methods. In Metabolic Control of Eating, Energy Expenditure and the Bioenergetics of Obesity, pp. 68–131 [Simopoulos, AP, editor]. Basel: Karger.
Englyst, KN, Englyst, HN, Hudson, GJ, Cole, TJ & Cummings, JH (1999) Rapidly available glucose in foods: an in vitro measurement that reflects the glycemic response. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 69, 448–454.
Faulks, RM, Roe, MA & Livesey, G (1994) Production of 13C labelled peas for studies of starch metabolism. In EURESTA: European Commission – Science, Research and Development, [Asp, N-G, Van, JMMAmelsvoort, and Hautvast, JGAJ, editors], EURESTA.
Gregory, J, Foster, K, Tyler, H & Wiseman, M (1990) The Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
Hampton, SM (1984) C-peptide of pro-insulin: its diagnostic use and a possible physiological role. PhD Thesis, University of Survey.
Kahn, SE, Prigeon, RL, McCulloch, DK, Boyko, EJ, Bergman, RN, Schwartz, MW, Neifing, JL, Ward, WK, Beard, JC, Palmer, JP & Porte, D Jr (1994) The contribution of insulin-dependent and insulin-independent glucose uptake to intravenous glucose tolerance in healthy human subjects. Diabetes 43, 587–592.
Kannel, WB & Abbott, RD (1987) Incidence and prognosis of myocardial infarction in women: the Framingham study. In Coronary Heart Disease in Women, pp. 208–214 [Eaker, ED, Packard, B, Wenger, NK, Clarkson, TB and Tyroler, HA, editors]. New York, NY: Haymarket-Doyma.
Leijssen, DPC & Elia, M (1996) Recovery of 13CO2 and 14CO2 in human bicarbonate studies: a critical review with original data. Clinical Science 91, 665–677.
Livesey, G, Wilson, PDG, Dainty, JR, Brown, JC, Faulks, RM, Roe, MA, Newman, TA, Eagles, J, Mellon, FA & Greenwood, RH (1998) Simultaneous time-varying systematic appearance of oral and hepatic glucose in adults monitored with stable isotopes. American Journal of Physiology 275, E717–E728.
Mathers, JC & Daly, ME (2001) Food polysaccharides, glucose absorption and insulin sensitivity. In Advanced Dietary Fibre Technology, pp. 186–197 [McCleary, B and Prosky, L, editors]. Oxford: Blackwell Science.
Nilsson, PM, Lind, L, Pollare, T, Berne, C & Lithell, H (2000) Differences in insulin sensitivity and risk markers due to gender and age in hypertensives. Journal of Human Hypertension 14, 51–56.
Noah, L, Krempe, M, Lecannu, G, Maugere, P & Champ, M (2000) Bioavailability of starch and postprandial changes in splanchnic glucose metabolism in pigs. American Journal of Physiology 278, E181–E188.
Normand, S, Pachiaudi, C, Khalfallah, Y, Guilluy, R, Mornex, R & Riou, JP (1992) 13C appearance in plasma glucose and breath CO2 during feeding with naturally enriched 13C-enriched starchy food in normal humans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 55, 430–435.
Nuutila, P, Knuuti, MJ, Maki, M, Laine, H, Ruotsalainen, U, Teras, M, Haaparanta, M, Solin, O & Yki-Jarvinen, H (1995) Gender and insulin sensitivity in the heart and in skeletal muscles: studies using positron emission tomography. Diabetes 44, 31–36.
Pickert, A, Overkamp, D, Renn, W, Liebich, H & Eggstein, M (1991) Selected ion monitoring gas chromatography/mass spectrometry using uniformly labeled 13C glucose for determination of glucose turnover in man. Biological Mass Spectrometry 20, 203–209.
Reaven, GM (1988) Role of insulin resistance in human disease. Diabetes 31, 670–673.
Robertson, MD (1997) Starch absorption and glucose kinetics in normal and colectomized humans. PhD Thesis, University of Newcastle.
Robertson, MD, Livesey, G, Hampton, SM & Mathers, JC (2000) Evidence for altered control of glucose disposal after total colectomy. British Journal of Nutrition 84, 813–819.
Robertson, MD, Mathers, JC, Mishra, V & Livesey, G (1996) Is the ileostomist a good model for studies of starch digestion in man? Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 55, 50A.
Schrauwen, P, Blaak, EE, Van, Aggel Leijssen, DPC, Borghouts, LB & Wagenmakers, AJM (2000) Determinants of the acetate recovery factor: Implications for estimation of 13C substrate oxidation. Clinical Science 98, 587–592.
Steele, R (1959) Influence of glucose loading and of injected insulin on hepatic glucose output. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 82, 420–430.
Tissot, S, Normand, S, Guilluy, R, Pachiaudi, C, Beylot, M, Laville, M, Cohen, R, Mornex, R & Riou, JP (1990) Use of a new gas chromatograph isotope ratio spectrometer to trace exogenous 13C-labelled glucose at a very low level of enrichment in man. Diabetologia 33, 449–456.
Van-Hall, G (1999) Correction factors for 13C labelled substrate oxidation at whole-body and muscle level. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 58, 979–986.
Wieko, J & Shernam, WR (1976) Boroacetylation of carbohydrates. Correlations between structure and mass spectral behaviour inmonoacetylhexose cyclic boronic esters. Journal of the American Chemical Society 98, 7631–7637.
Yip, J, Facchini, FS & Reaven, GM (1998) Resistance to insulin-mediated glucose disposal as a predictor of cardiovascular disease. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 83, 2773–2776.