Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 7
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Hutchison, Amy T. and Heilbronn, Leonie K. 2016. Metabolic impacts of altering meal frequency and timing – Does when we eat matter?. Biochimie, Vol. 124, p. 187.

    Masterson, Travis D. Kirwan, C. Brock Davidson, Lance E. and LeCheminant, James D. 2016. Neural reactivity to visual food stimuli is reduced in some areas of the brain during evening hours compared to morning hours: an fMRI study in women. Brain Imaging and Behavior, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 68.

    Roßbach, Sarah Diederichs, Tanja Bolzenius, Katja Herder, Christian Buyken, Anette E. and Alexy, Ute 2016. Age and time trends in eating frequency and duration of nightly fasting of German children and adolescents. European Journal of Nutrition,

    Patterson, Ruth E. Laughlin, Gail A. LaCroix, Andrea Z. Hartman, Sheri J. Natarajan, Loki Senger, Carolyn M. Martínez, María Elena Villaseñor, Adriana Sears, Dorothy D. Marinac, Catherine R. and Gallo, Linda C. 2015. Intermittent Fasting and Human Metabolic Health. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. 115, Issue. 8, p. 1203.

    Tani, Yukako Asakura, Keiko Sasaki, Satoshi Hirota, Naoko Notsu, Akiko Todoriki, Hidemi Miura, Ayako Fukui, Mitsuru and Date, Chigusa 2015. Higher proportion of total and fat energy intake during the morning may reduce absolute intake of energy within the day. An observational study in free-living Japanese adults. Appetite, Vol. 92, p. 66.

    Rothschild, Jeff Hoddy, Kristin K Jambazian, Pera and Varady, Krista A 2014. Time-restricted feeding and risk of metabolic disease: a review of human and animal studies. Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 72, Issue. 5, p. 308.

    Zilberter, Tanya and Zilberter, Eugene Yuri 2014. Breakfast: To Skip or Not to Skip?. Frontiers in Public Health, Vol. 2,


Restricting night-time eating reduces daily energy intake in healthy young men: a short-term cross-over study

  • James D. LeCheminant (a1), Ed Christenson (a2), Bruce W. Bailey (a3) and Larry A. Tucker (a4)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 23 May 2013

Few experimental data are available to support the notion that reducing night-time eating changes total daily energy intake (EI) or body weight in healthy adults. The present study primarily examined the short-term effect of night eating restriction (NER) on daily EI in healthy young men. It secondarily examined body weight and moods associated with NER. Using a cross-over design, twenty-nine men (20·9 (sd 2·5) years; 24·4 (sd 2·5) kg/m2) initiated a 2-week NER intervention (elimination of EI from 19.00 to 06.00 hours) and a 2-week control condition, counterbalanced and separated by a 1-week washout period. EI and macronutrient intake were assessed using computerised, multiple-pass 24 h food recalls, body weight via a digital scale and mood using the Profile of Mood States survey. Of the twenty-nine participants, twenty-seven (93 %) completed all aspects of the study. During the NER condition, the participants consumed less total energy per d than during the control condition (10 125 v. 11 146 kJ/d; F= 6·41; P= 0·018). During the NER condition, no energy was reported consumed between 19.00 and 06.00 hours; however, during the control condition, the energy intake of participants was 2920 (sd 1347) kJ/d between 19.00 and 06.00 hours. There was a significant difference in weight change between the NER ( − 0·4 (sd 1·1) kg) and control (+0·6 (sd 0·9) kg) conditions (F= 22·68; P< 0·001). Differences in total mood score or mood subscales between the NER and control conditions were not apparent (P>0·05). These findings provide support for NER decreasing short-term EI in healthy young men.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Restricting night-time eating reduces daily energy intake in healthy young men: a short-term cross-over study
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Restricting night-time eating reduces daily energy intake in healthy young men: a short-term cross-over study
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Restricting night-time eating reduces daily energy intake in healthy young men: a short-term cross-over study
      Available formats
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: J. D. LeCheminant, fax +1 801 422 0555, email
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1D Mozaffarian , T Hao , EB Rimm , et al. (2011) Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men. N Engl J Med 364, 23922404.

2SS Gropper , KP Simmons , LJ Connell , et al. (2012) Changes in body weight, composition, and shape: a 4-year study of college students. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 37, 11181123.

3SB Racette , SS Deusinger , MJ Strube , et al. (2008) Changes in weight and health behaviors from freshman through senior year of college. J Nutr Educ Behav 40, 3942.

4SJ Rodearmel , HR Wyatt , N Stroebele , et al. (2007) Small changes in dietary sugar and physical activity as an approach to preventing excessive weight gain: The America on the Move Family Study. Pediatrics 120, e869e879.

5JO Hill (2009) Can a small-changes approach help address the obesity epidemic? A report of the Joint Task Force of the American Society for Nutrition, Institute of Food Technologists, and International Food Information Council. Am J Clin Nutr 89, 477484.

6B Wansink (2004) Environmental factors that increase the food intake and consumption volume of unknowing consumers. Annu Rev Nutr 24, 455479.

8M Thomson , JC Spence , K Raine , et al. (2008) The association of television viewing with snacking behavior and body weight of young adults. Am J Health Promot 22, 329335.

9MC Nelson , R Kocos , LA Lytle , et al. (2009) Understanding the perceived determinants of weight-related behaviors in late adolescence: a qualitative analysis among college youth. J Nutr Educ Behav 41, 287292.

10AJ Stunkard , WJ Grace & HG Wolff (1955) The night-eating syndrome; a pattern of food intake among certain obese patients. Am J Med 19, 7886.

11SL Colles , JB Dixon & PE O'Brien (2007) Night eating syndrome and nocturnal snacking: association with obesity, binge eating and psychological distress. Int J Obes 31, 17221730.

12G Atkinson , S Fullick , C Grindey , et al. (2008) Exercise, energy balance and the shift worker. Sports Med 38, 671685.

13R Hager , JD George , JD LeCheminant , et al. (2012) Evaluation of a university general education health and wellness course delivered by lecture or online. Am J Health Promot 26, 263269.

15B Hanlon , MJ Larson , BW Bailey , et al. (2012) Neural response to pictures of food after exercise in normal-weight and obese women. Med Sci Sports Exerc 44, 18641870.

17RK Johnson (2002) Dietary intake – how do we measure what people are really eating? Obes Res 10, 63S68S.

18BW Bailey , LA Tucker , TR Peterson , et al. (2001) Test–retest reliability of body fat percentage results using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and the Bod Pod. Med Sci Sports Exerc 33, 174S.

19GF Maddalozzo , BJ Cardinal & CA Snow (2002) Concurrent validity of the BOD POD and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry techniques for assessing body composition in young women. J Am Diet Assoc 102, 16771679.

21SG Lemmens , EA Martens , AD Kester , et al. (2011) Changes in gut hormone and glucose concentrations in relation to hunger and fullness. Am J Clin Nutr 94, 717725.

22DL Nyenhuis , C Yamamoto , T Luchetta , et al. (1999) Adult and geriatric normative data and validation of the profile of mood states. J Clin Psychol 55, 7986.

23N Stroebele , JM de Castro , J Stuht , et al. (2009) A small-changes approach reduces energy intake in free-living humans. J Am Coll Nutr 28, 6368.

24L Lissner , AK Lindroos & L Sjostrom (1998) Swedish obese subjects (SOS): an obesity intervention study with a nutritional perspective. Eur J Clin Nutr 52, 316322.

26EL Sullivan , AJ Daniels , FH Koegler , et al. (2005) Evidence in female rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) that nighttime caloric intake is not associated with weight gain. Obes Res 13, 20722080.

27SM Waller , JS Vander Wal , DM Klurfeld , et al. (2004) Evening ready-to-eat cereal consumption contributes to weight management. J Am Coll Nutr 23, 316321.

28RA Breslow , PM Guenther , W Juan , et al. (2010) Alcoholic beverage consumption, nutrient intakes, and diet quality in the US adult population, 1999–2006. J Am Diet Assoc 110, 551562.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *