This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
R Andersen , C Molgaard , LT Skovgaard , (2005) Teenage girls and elderly women living in northern Europe have low winter vitamin D status. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 533–541.
SL Booth , JA Pennington & JA Sadowski (1996) Food sources and dietary intakes of vitamin K-1 (phylloquinone) in the American diet: data from the FDA Total Diet Study. J Am Diet Assoc 96, 149–154.
GP Boucher , LC Lands , JA Hay & L Hornby (1997) Activity levels and the relationship to lung function and nutritional status in children with cystic fibrosis. Am J Phys Med Rehab
LA Braam , MH Knapen , P Geusens , F Brouns , K Hamulyak , MJ Gerichhausen & C Vermeer (2003) Vitamin K1 supplementation retards bone loss in postmenopausal women between 50 and 60 years of age. Calcif Tissue Int 73, 21–26.
SP Conway , SP Wolfe , KG Brownlee , H White , B Oldroyd , JG Truscott , JM Harvey & MJ Shearer (2005) Vitamin K status among children with cystic fibrosis and its relationship to bone mineral density and bone turnover. Pediatrics 115, 1325–1331.
L Doyle , C Jewell , A Mullen , AP Nugent , HM Roche & KD Cashman (2005) Effect of dietary supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid on markers of calcium and bone metabolism in healthy adult men. Eur J Clin Nutr
CM Gundberg , SD Nieman , S Abrams & H Rosen (1998) Vitamin K status and bone health: an analysis of methods for determination of undercarboxylated osteocalcin. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 83, 3258–3266.
KSG Jie , ML Bots , C Vermeer , JCM Witteman & DE Grobbee (1996) Vitamin K status and bone mass in women with and without aortic atherosclerosis: a population-based study. Calcif Tissue Int
HJ Kalkwarf , JC Khoury , J Bean & JG Elliot (2004) Vitamin K, bone turnover, and bone mass in girls. Am J Clin Nutr 80, 1075–1080.
MK Lehtonen-Veromaa , TT Mottonen , IO Nuotio , KM Irjala , AE Leino & JS Viikari (2002) Vitamin D and attainment of peak bone mass among peripubertal Finnish girls: a 3-y prospective study. Am J Clin Nutr 76, 1446–1453.
National Research Council (1989) Recommended Dietary Allowances, 10th ed.Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
CJ Pyrnne , CW Thane , A Prentice & MEJ Wadsworth (2005) Intake and sources of phylloquinone (vitamin K1) in 4-year-old British children: comparison between 1950 and the 1990s. Publ Health Nutr 8, 171–180.
M Shearer (1997) The roles of vitamins D and K in bone health and osteoporosis prevention. Proc Nutr Soc
MJ Shearer (1990) Vitamin K and vitamin K dependent proteins. Br J Haematol 75, 156–162.
T Sugiyama & S Kawai (2001) Carboxylation of osteocalcin may be related to bone quality: a possible mechanism of bone fracture prevention by vitamin K. J Bone Miner Metab
LJ Sokoll & JA Sadowski (1996) Comparison of biochemical indexes for assessing vitamin K status in a healthy adult population. Am J Clin Nutr 63, 566–573.
T Sugiyama & S Kawai (2001) Carboxylation of osteocalcin may be related to bone quality: a possible mechanism of bone fracture prevention by vitamin K. J Bone Miner Metab 19, 146–149.
P Szulc , M Arlot , MC Chapuy , F Duboeuf , PJ Meunier & PD Delmas (1994) Serum undercarboxylated osteocalcin correlates with hip bone mineral density in elderly women. J Bone Miner Res 9, 1591–1595.
P Szulc , MC Chapuy , PJ Meunier & PD Delmas (1996) Serum undercarboxylated osteocalcin is a marker of the risk of hip fracture: a three year follow-up study. Bone 18, 487–488.
CW Thane , CJ Pyrnne , F Ginty , C Bolton-Smith , SJ Stear , SC Jones & A Prentice (2002) Dietary phylloquinone (vitamin K1) intake: comparison between adolescents living in Cambridge and a national British sample. Proc Nutr Soc 61, 146A.
C Vermeer , KSG Jie & MHJ Knapen (1995) Role of vitamin K in bone metabolism. Annu Rev Nutr
C Vermeer , BLMG Gijsbers , AM Craciun , MMCL Groenen-Van Dooren & MHJ Knapen (1996) Effects of vitamin K on bone mass and bone metabolism. J Nutr 126, 1187S–1191S.
HT Viljakainen , A-M Natri , M Kärkkäinen , MM Huttunen , A Palsae , J Jakobsen , KD Cashman , C Molgaard & C Lamberg-Allardt (2006) A positive doseresponse effect of vitamin D supplementation on site-specific bone mineral augmentation in adolescent girls: a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled 1-year intervention. J Bone Miner Res
C Vermeer , MH Knapen , KS Jie & DE Grobbee (1992) Physiological importance of extra-hepatic vitamin K-dependent carboxylation reactions. Ann NY Acad Sci 669, 21–31.
P Weber (2001) Vitamin K and bone health. Nutrition 17, 880–887.