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Some insights into the derivation and early uses of the word ‘probiotic’

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

J. M. T. Hamilton-Miller*
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Microbiology Royal Free University College Medical SchoolLondon NW3 2PFUK
G. R. Gibson
Affiliation:
Unit of Food Microbial Sciences School of Food Biosciences University of Reading Reading RG6 6AP UK
W. Bruck
Affiliation:
Unit of Food Microbial Sciences School of Food Biosciences University of Reading Reading RG6 6AP UK
*
*Corresponding author: Professor J. M. T. Hamilton-Miller, fax +44 20 7435 9694, email j.hamilton-miller@rfc.ucl.ac.uk
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Abstract

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Type
Letter to the Editor
Copyright
Copyright © The Nutrition Society 2003

References

Alvarez-Olmos, MI & Oberhelman, RA (2001) Probiotic agents and infectious diseases: a modern perspective on a traditional therapy. Clin Infect Dis 32, 15671576.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Fuller, R (1992) History and development of probiotics. In Probiotics – the Scientific Basis, pp. 18 [R Fuller, editor]. London: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
Kollath, W (1953) Ernahrung und Zahnsystem (Nutrition and the tooth system). Dtsch Zahnarztl Z 8(11), 716.Google Scholar
Lilly, DM & Stillwell, RH (1965) Probiotics: growth-promoting factors produced by microorganisms. Science 147, 747748.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Parker, RB (1974) Probiotics. The other half of the antibiotics story. Anim Nutr Health 29(Dec), 48.Google Scholar
Reid, GG, Sanders, ME, Gaskins, HR, et al. (2003) New scientific paradigms for probiotics and prebiotics. J Clin Gastroenterol 37, (In the Press).Google Scholar
Teitelbaum, JE & Walker, WA (2002) Nutritional impact of pre- and probiotics as protective gastrointestinal organisms. Annu Rev Nutr 22, 107138.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vergin, F (1954) Anti- und Probiotika (Anti- and probiotics). Hippokrates 25(4), 116119.Google Scholar
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