Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-67wsf Total loading time: 0.306 Render date: 2022-05-29T08:07:41.752Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Swallowing food without chewing; a simple way to reduce postprandial glycaemia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

N. W. Read
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
I. McL. Welch
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
C. J. Austen
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
C. Barnish
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
C. E. Bartlett
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
A. J. Baxter
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
G. Brown
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
M. E. Comption
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
K. E Hume
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
I. Storie
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
J. Worlding
Affiliation:
Clinical Research Unit, H Floor, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Shefield S10 2JF
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

HTML view is not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

1. The degree to which disruption by mastication affects the glycaemic response to four different carbohydrate foods was investigated in healthy human volunteers; each food was eaten by six subjects.

2. Subjects ate meals of sweetcorn, white rice, diced apple or potato on two occasions; on one occasion they chewed the food thoroughly, on the other occasion they swallowed each mouthful without chewing it.

3. When the foods were chewed the postprandial blood glucose levels rose to levels which vaned according to the food ingested.

4. Swallowing without chewing reduced the glycaemic response to each food, achieving a similar effect as administration of viscous polysaccharides or ‘slow-release’ carbohydrates.

Type
Papers of direct relevance to Clinical and Human Nutrition
Copyright
Copyright © The Nutrition Society 1986

References

Anand, B. K. (1974). In Obesity Symposium, pp. 116145 [Burland, W. Z., Samuel, P. D. and Yudkin, J., editors] Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.Google Scholar
Blackburn, N. A., Redfern, J. S., Jarjis, H., Holgate, A. M., Hanning, I., Scarpello, J. H., Johnson, I. T. & Read, N. W. (1984). Clinical Science 66, 329336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bohanum, I. V. V., Karam, J. H. & Forsham, P. H. (1978). Diabetes 27, 438.Google Scholar
Collings, P., Williams, C. & McDonald, I. (1981). British Medical Journal 282, 1032.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crapo, P. A., Kolterman, O. G., Waldeck, N., Reaven, G. M. & Olefsky, J. M. (1980). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 33, 17231728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crapo, P. A., Reaven, G. & Olefsky, J. (1977). Diabetes 26, 11781183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haber, G. B., Heaton, K. W., Murphy, D. & Burroughs, L. F. (1977). Lancet, 2 679682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holt, S., Heading, R. C., Carter, D. C., Prescott, L. F. & Tothill, P. (1979). Lancet 1 636639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jenkins, D. J. A. (1983). In Delaying absorption as a therapeutic principle in metabolic diseases, pp. 4556. [Creutzfeldt, W. and Folsch, U. R., editors]. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag.Google Scholar
Jenkins, D. J. A., Thomas, D. M., Wolever, M. S., Taylor, R. H., Barker, H., Fielden, H., Baldwin, J. M., Bowling, A. C., Newman, H. C., Jenkins, A. L. & Goff, D. V. (1981). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 34, 362366.Google Scholar
Leeds, A. R., Ralphs, D. N., Baulas, P., Ebied, F., Metz, G. L., Dilawari, J., Elliot, A. & Jenkins, D. J. A. (1978). Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 37, 23A.Google Scholar
Leeds, A. R., Ralphs, D. N., Ebied, F., Metz, G. & Dilawari, J. (1981). Lancet 1 10751078.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meyer, J. H., Thomson, J. B., Cohen, M. B., Shadchehr, A. & Mandiola, S. A. (1979). Gastroenterology 76, 804813.Google Scholar
Minami, H. & McCallum, R. W. (1984). Gastroenterology 86, 15921610.Google Scholar
O'Dea, K., Nestel, P. J. & Antonoff, L. (1980). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 33, 760765.Google Scholar
O'Dea, K., Snow, P. & Nestel, P. (1981). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 34, 19911993.Google Scholar
Paul, A. A. & Southgate, D. A. T. (1978). Mccance and widdowson's the composition of Foods. London: H. M. stationery office.Google ScholarPubMed
Schauberger, G., Brink, U. C., Guldner, G., Spaethe, R., Niklas, L. & Otto, H. (1977). Diabetes 26, 246.Google Scholar
Wald, A., Van Thiel, D. H., Hoechstetter, L., Gavaler, J. S., Egler, K. M., Verm, R., Scott, L. & Lester, R. (1981). Gastroenterology 80, 14971500.Google Scholar
You have Access
91
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Swallowing food without chewing; a simple way to reduce postprandial glycaemia
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Swallowing food without chewing; a simple way to reduce postprandial glycaemia
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Swallowing food without chewing; a simple way to reduce postprandial glycaemia
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *