Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 24
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Khoo, Joan Chen, Richard and Wittert, Gary 2015. Nutrition, Fertility, and Human Reproductive Function.


    Korhonen, Marko Haverinen, Marko and Degens, Hans 2014. Nutrition and Performance in Masters Athletes.


    Sáez-López, Cristina Soriguer, Federico Hernandez, Cristina Rojo-Martinez, Gemma Rubio-Martín, Elehazara Simó, Rafael and Selva, David M. 2014. Oleic acid increases hepatic sex hormone binding globulin production in men. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, Vol. 58, Issue. 4, p. 760.


    Alvarado, Louis Calistro 2013. Do evolutionary life-history trade-offs influence prostate cancer risk? a review of population variation in testosterone levels and prostate cancer disparities. Evolutionary Applications, Vol. 6, Issue. 1, p. 117.


    O'Neill, B. 2010. A scientific review of the reported effects of vegan nutrition on the occurrence and prevalence of cancer and cardiovascular disease. Bioscience Horizons, Vol. 3, Issue. 2, p. 197.


    Suzuki, Reiko Allen, Naomi E. Appleby, Paul N. Key, Timothy J. Dossus, Laure Tjønneland, Anne Føns Johnsen, Nina Overvad, Kim Sacerdote, Carlotta Palli, Domenico Krogh, Vittorio Tumino, Rosario Rohrmann, Sabine Linseisen, Jakob Boeing, Heiner Trichopoulou, Antonia Makrygiannis, Georgios Misirli, Gesthimani Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas May, Anne M. Díaz, María José Tormo Sánchez, Maria-José Barricarte Gurrea, Aurelio Rodríguez Suárez, Laudina Buckland, Genevieve Larrañaga, Nerea Bingham, Sheila Khaw, Kay-Tee Rinaldi, Sabina Slimani, Nadia Jenab, Mazda Riboli, Elio and Kaaks, Rudolf 2009. Lifestyle factors and serum androgens among 636 middle aged men from seven countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Cancer Causes & Control, Vol. 20, Issue. 6, p. 811.


    Key, Timothy J. Appleby, Paul N. Allen, Naomi E. Davey, Gwyneth K. Thorogood, Margaret and Mann, Jim I. 2008. Nutrition and Health.


    Morisset, Anne-Sophie Blouin, Karine and Tchernof, André 2008. Impact of diet and adiposity on circulating levels of sex hormone-binding globulin and androgens. Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 66, Issue. 9, p. 506.


    Sampson, N Untergasser, G Plas, E and Berger, P 2007. The ageing male reproductive tract. The Journal of Pathology, Vol. 211, Issue. 2, p. 206.


    Campbell, Benjamin Leslie, Paul and Campbell, Kenneth 2006. Age-related changes in testosterone and SHBG among Turkana males. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 71.


    Muehlenbein, Michael P. 2006. Adaptive variation in testosterone levels in response to immune activation: Empirical and theoretical perspectives. Biodemography and Social Biology, Vol. 53, Issue. 1-2, p. 13.


    Campbell, Benjamin C. Leslie, Paul W. Little, Michael A. and Campbell, Kenneth L. 2005. Pubertal timing, hormones, and body composition among adolescent Turkana males. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 128, Issue. 4, p. 896.


    DUNCAN, ALISON M. PHIPPS, WILLIAM R. and KURZER, MINDY S. 2004. Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine.


    Hajamor, Samah Després, Jean-Pierre Couillard, Charles Lemieux, Simone Tremblay, Angelo Prud’homme, Denis and Tchernof, André 2003. Relationship between sex hormone-binding globulin levels and features of the metabolic syndrome. Metabolism, Vol. 52, Issue. 6, p. 724.


    Moyad, Mark A 2002. Lifestyle/dietary supplement partial androgen suppression and/or estrogen manipulation. Urologic Clinics of North America, Vol. 29, Issue. 1, p. 115.


    Allen, Naomi E and Key, Timothy J 2000. The effects of diet on circulating sex hormone levels in men. Nutrition Research Reviews, Vol. 13, Issue. 02, p. 159.


    Habito, Raymundo C. Montalto, Joseph Leslie, Eva and Ball, Madeleine J. 2000. Effects of replacing meat with soyabean in the diet on sex hormone concentrations in healthy adult males. British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 84, Issue. 04, p. 557.


    Nagata, Chisato Inaba, Shizuyo Kawakami, Norito Kakizoe, Tadao and Shimizu, Hiroyuki 2000. Inverse Association of Soy Product Intake With Serum Androgen and Estrogen Concentrations in Japanese Men. Nutrition and Cancer, Vol. 36, Issue. 1, p. 14.


    Nagata, Chisato Takatsuka, Naoyoshi Kawakami, Norito and Shimizu, Hiroyuki 2000. Relationships Between Types of Fat Consumed and SerumEstrogen and Androgen Concentrations in Japanese Men. Nutrition and Cancer, Vol. 38, Issue. 2, p. 163.


    McCarty, M.F 1999. Vegan proteins may reduce risk of cancer, obesity, and cardiovascular disease by promoting increased glucagon activity. Medical Hypotheses, Vol. 53, Issue. 6, p. 459.


    ×

Testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, calculated free testosterone, and oestradiol in male vegans and omnivores

  • Timothy J. A. Key (a1), Liane Roe (a2), Margaret Thorogood (a2), John W. Moore (a3), Graham M. G. Clark (a3) and Dennis Y. Wang (a3)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN19900014
  • Published online: 01 March 2007
Abstract

Total testosterone (T), total oestradiol (E2) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations were measured in plasma samples from fifty-one male vegans and fifty-seven omnivores of similar age. Free T concentration was estimated by calculation, in comparison with the omnivores, the vegans had 7% higher total T (P = 0.250), 23% higher SHBG (P = 0.001), 3% lower free T (P = 0.580), and 11% higher E2 (P = 0.194). In a subset of eighteen vegans and twenty-two omnivores for whom 4 d diet records were available, there were statistically significant correlations between T and polyunsaturated fatty acids (r 0.37), SHBG and fat (r 0.43 for total fat, 0.46 for saturated fatty acids and 0.33 for polyunsaturated fatty acids), and SHBG and alcohol (r–0.39). It is concluded that a vegan diet causes a substantial increase in SHBG but has little effect on total or free T or on E2.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, calculated free testosterone, and oestradiol in male vegans and omnivores
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, calculated free testosterone, and oestradiol in male vegans and omnivores
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, calculated free testosterone, and oestradiol in male vegans and omnivores
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

H. Adlercreutz , K. Hockerstedt , C. Bannwart , S. Bloigu , E. Hamalainen , T. Fotsis & A. Ollus (1987). Effect of dietary components, including lignans and phytoestrogens, on enterohepatic circulation and liver metabolism of estrogens and on sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). Journal of Steroid Biochemistry 27, 11351144.

E. Barrett-Connor & K. Khaw -T. (1987). Cigarette smoking and increased endogenous estrogen levels in men. American Journal of Epidemiology 126, 187192.

A. Belanger , A. Locong , C. Noel , L. Cusan , A. Dupont , J. Prevost , S. Caron & J. Sevigny (1989). Influence of diet on plasma steroid and sex plasma binding globulin levels in adult men. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry 32, 829833.

D. T. Bishop , A. W. Meikle , M. L. Slattery , J. D. Stringham , M. H. Ford & D. W. West (1988). The effect of nutritional factors on sex hormone levels in male twins. Genetic Epidemiology 5, 4359.

G. D. Carter , S. M. Holland , J. Alaghband-Zadeh , G. Rayman , P. Dorrington-Ward & P. H. Wise (1983). Investigation of hirsutism: testosterone is not enough. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 20, 262263.

J. F. Dunn , B. C. Nisula & D. Rodbard (1981). Transport of steroid hormones: binding of 21 endogenous steroids to both testosterone-binding globulin and corticosteroid-binding globulin in human plasma. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 53, 5868.

M. B. Rosenthal , R. J. Barnard , D. P. Rose , S. Inkeles , J. Hall & N. Pritikin (1985). Effects of a high-complex-carbohydrate, low-fat, low-cholesterol diet on levels of serum lipids and estradiol. American Journal of Medicine 78, 2327.

K. Ruutiainen , E. Sannikka , R. Santti , R. Erkkola & H. Adlercreutz (1987). Salivary testosterone in hirsutism: correlations with serum testosterone and the degree of hair growth. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 64, 10151020.

D. Sparrow , R. Bosse & J. W. Rowe (1980). The influence of age, alcohol consumption, and body build on gonadal function in men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 51, 508512.

M. L. Stefanick , P. T. Williams , R. M. Krauss , R. B. Terry , K. M. Vranizan & P. D. Wood (1987). Relationships of plasma estradiol, testosterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin with lipoproteins, apolipoproteins, and high density lipoprotein subtractions in men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 64, 723729.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: