Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 32
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Castro, Michelle A. Carlos, Jackeline V. Lopes, Raíssa C. V. Januário, Bruna L. Marchioni, Dirce M. L. and Fisberg, Regina M. 2014. Dietary Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Nutritional Correlates in Free-Living Elderly Brazilians: A Population-Based Survey. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 33, Issue. 2, p. 111.


    Farvid, Maryam S Homayouni, F Shokoohi, M Fallah, A and Farvid, Monir S 2014. Glycemic index, glycemic load and their association with glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 68, Issue. 4, p. 459.


    Murakami, Kentaro McCaffrey, Tracy A. and Livingstone, M. Barbara E. 2013. Associations of dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load with food and nutrient intake and general and central obesity in British adults. British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 110, Issue. 11, p. 2047.


    van Aerde, Marieke A. Witte, Daniel R. Jeppesen, Charlotte Soedamah-Muthu, Sabita S. Bjerregaard, Peter and Jørgensen, Marit E. 2012. Glycemic index and glycemic load in relation to glucose intolerance among Greenland's Inuit population. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Vol. 97, Issue. 2, p. 298.


    Chiu, Chung-Jung Liu, Simin Willett, Walter C Wolever, Thomas MS Brand-Miller, Jennie C Barclay, Alan W and Taylor, Allen 2011. Informing food choices and health outcomes by use of the dietary glycemic index. Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 69, Issue. 4, p. 231.


    Fabricatore, A.N. Wadden, T.A. Ebbeling, C.B. Thomas, J.G. Stallings, V.A. Schwartz, S. and Ludwig, D.S. 2011. Targeting dietary fat or glycemic load in the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Vol. 92, Issue. 1, p. 37.


    Murakami, K Miyake, Y Sasaki, S Tanaka, K and Arakawa, M 2011. Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in relation to risk of overweight in Japanese children and adolescents: the Ryukyus Child Health Study. International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 35, Issue. 7, p. 925.


    Schlienger, J.-L. 2011. Nutrition clinique pratique.


    Aston, Louise M. Laccetti, Roberta Mander, Adrian P. Hall, Rosemary Moore, Carmel S. and Jebb, Susan A. 2010. No difference in the 24-hour interstitial fluid glucose profile with modulations to the glycemic index of the diet. Nutrition, Vol. 26, Issue. 3, p. 290.


    Aston, L. M. Jackson, D. Monsheimer, S. Whybrow, S. Handjieva-Darlenska, T. Kreutzer, M. Kohl, A. Papadaki, A. Martinez, J. A. Kunova, V. van Baak, M. A. Astrup, A. Saris, W. H. M. Jebb, S. A. and Lindroos, A. K. 2010. Developing a methodology for assigning glycaemic index values to foods consumed across Europe. Obesity Reviews, Vol. 11, Issue. 1, p. 92.


    Esposito, Katherine Maiorino, Maria Ida Di Palo, Carmen and Giugliano, Dario 2010. Dietary Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Are Associated with Metabolic Control in Type 2 Diabetes: The CAPRI Experience. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, Vol. 8, Issue. 3, p. 255.


    Lorenzo, C. Wagenknecht, L. E. Hanley, A. J. G. Rewers, M. J. Karter, A. J. and Haffner, S. M. 2010. A1C Between 5.7 and 6.4% as a Marker for Identifying Pre-Diabetes, Insulin Sensitivity and Secretion, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors: The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS). Diabetes Care, Vol. 33, Issue. 9, p. 2104.


    Murakami, Kentaro Miyake, Yoshihiro Sasaki, Satoshi Tanaka, Keiko Fukushima, Wakaba Kiyohara, Chikako Tsuboi, Yoshio Yamada, Tatsuo Oeda, Tomoko Miki, Takami Kawamura, Nobutoshi Sakae, Nobutaka Fukuyama, Hidenao Hirota, Yoshio and Nagai, Masaki 2010. Dietary glycemic index is inversely associated with the risk of Parkinson's disease: A case–control study in Japan. Nutrition, Vol. 26, Issue. 5, p. 515.


    Shikany, James M. Tinker, Lesley F. Neuhouser, Marian L. Ma, Yunsheng Patterson, Ruth E. Phillips, Lawrence S. Liu, Simin and Redden, David T. 2010. Association of glycemic load with cardiovascular disease risk factors: The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Nutrition, Vol. 26, Issue. 6, p. 641.


    Toeller, Monika 2010. Textbook of Diabetes.


    2010. Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for carbohydrates and dietary fibre. EFSA Journal, Vol. 8, Issue. 3, p. 1462.


    Chavarro, J E Rich-Edwards, J W Rosner, B A and Willett, W C 2009. A prospective study of dietary carbohydrate quantity and quality in relation to risk of ovulatory infertility. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 63, Issue. 1, p. 78.


    Johnson, S. T. Bell, G. J. McCargar, L. J. Welsh, R. S. and Bell, R. C. 2009. Improved cardiovascular health following a progressive walking and dietary intervention for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, Vol. 11, Issue. 9, p. 836.


    McKeown, Nicola M. Meigs, James B. Liu, Simin Rogers, Gail Yoshida, Makiko Saltzman, Edward and Jacques, Paul F. 2009. Dietary Carbohydrates and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in the Framingham Offspring Cohort. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 28, Issue. 2, p. 150.


    Vega-López, Sonia and Mayol-Kreiser, Sandra N. 2009. Use of the glycemic index for weight loss and glycemic control: A review of recent evidence. Current Diabetes Reports, Vol. 9, Issue. 5, p. 379.


    ×

Towards understanding of glycaemic index and glycaemic load in habitual diet: associations with measures of glycaemia in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study

  • Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis (a1), Ashish Dhawan (a1), Angela D. Liese (a1), Karen Teff (a2) and Mandy Schulz (a3)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN20051636
  • Published online: 08 March 2007
Abstract

Epidemiologic studies have applied the glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) to assessments of usual dietary intake. Results have been inconsistent particularly for the association of GI or GL with diabetes incidence. We aimed to advance understanding of the GI and GL as applied to food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) by evaluating GI and GL in relation to plasma measures of glycaemia. Included were 1255 adults at a baseline examination (1994–6) and 813 who returned for the 5-year follow-up examination. Usual diet, at both examinations, was assessed by a validated FFQ. GI and GL were evaluated in relation to average fasting glucose (two measures at each examination) and 2h post-75g glucose load plasma glucose (baseline and follow-up), and glycated haemoglobin (A1c; follow-up only); using generalized linear models. Correlation coefficients (r) for GI and GL related to measures of glycaemia, adjusted for total energy intake, ranged from −0·004 to 0·04 (all NS) for both examinations. Adjustment for potential confounders, for fasting glucose in models for 2h glucose (to model incremental glucose) and for average fasting glucose in models for A1c (to account, in part, for overnight endogenous glucose production) also did not materially alter findings, nor did inclusion of data from both examinations together in linear mixed models. The present results call into question the utility of GI and GL to reflect glycaemic response to food adequately, when used in the context of usual diet. Further work is needed to quantify usual dietary exposures relative to glucose excursion and associated chronic glycaemia and other metabolic parameters.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Towards understanding of glycaemic index and glycaemic load in habitual diet: associations with measures of glycaemia in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Towards understanding of glycaemic index and glycaemic load in habitual diet: associations with measures of glycaemia in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Towards understanding of glycaemic index and glycaemic load in habitual diet: associations with measures of glycaemia in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*corresponding author: Dr Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, fax +1 803 251 7873, email EJMayer@gwm.sc.edu
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

RA Bell , EJ Mayer-Davis , MA Martin , RB Jr D'Agostino & SM Haffner Associations between alcohol consumption and insulin sensitivity and cardiovascular disease risk factors: the Insulin Resistance and Atherosclerosis Study. Diabetes Care. (2000) 23 16301636

RF Coniff , JA Shapiro , D Robbins , R Kleinfield , TB Seaton , P Beisswenger & JB McGill Reduction of glycosylated hemoglobin and postprandial hyperglycemia by acarbose in patients with NIDDM. A placebo-controlled dose-comparison study.Diabetes Care (1995) 18 817824

RF Coniff , JA Shapiro & TB Seaton Long-term efficacy and safety of acarbose in the treatment of obese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Arch Intern Med. (1994) 154 24422448

N Ercan , MC Gannon & FQ Nuttall Effect of added fat on the plasma glucose and insulin response to ingested potato given in various combinations as two meals in normal individuals.Diabetes Care (1994) 17 14531459

ES Ford & S Liu Glycemic index and serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration among US adults.Arch Intern Med (2001) 161 572576

MC Gannon & FQ Nuttall Factors affecting interpretation of postprandial glucose and insulin areas.Diabetes Care (1987) 10 759763

MC Gannon & FQ Nuttall Effect of a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet on blood glucose control in people with type 2 diabetes.Diabetes. (2004) 53 23752382

MC Gulliford & OC Ukoumunne Determinants of glycated haemoglobin in the general population: associations with diet, alcohol and cigarette smoking. Eur J Clin Nutr (2001) 55 615623

AJ Hanley , R Jr D'Agostino , LE Wagenknecht , MF Saad , PJ Savage , R Bergman & SM Haffner Increased proinsulin levels and decreased acute insulin response independently predict the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study Diabetes (2002) 51 12631270

AM Hodge , DR English , K O'Dea & GG Giles Glycemic index and dietary fiber and the risk of type 2 diabetes.Diabetes Care (2004) 27 27012706

RC Littell , J Pendergast & R Natarajan Modeling covariance structure in the analysis of repeated measures data.Stat Med (2000) 19 17931819

EJ Mayer-Davis , R D'Agostino Jr, A Karter , S Haffner , M Rewers , MF Saad & RN Bergman for the IRAS investigators Intensity and amount of physical activity in relation to insulin sensitivity. The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS).JAMA (1998) 279 669674

EJ Mayer-Davis , S Levin & JA Marshall (1999a) Heterogeneity in associations between macronutrient intake and lipoprotein profile in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 22 16321639

EJ Mayer-Davis , MZ Vitolins , SL Carmichael , S Hemphill , G Tsaroucha , J Rushing , S Levin Validity and reproducibility of a food frequency interview in a Multi-Cultural Epidemiology Study. Ann Epidemiol (1999b) 9 314324.

FQ Nuttall , MC Gannon Plasma glucose and insulin response to macronutrients in nondiabetic and NIDDM subjects. Diabetes Care (1991) 14 824838.

FQ Nuttall , MC Gannon , JL Wald , M Ahmed Plasma glucose and insulin profiles in normal subjects ingesting diets of varying carbohydrate, fat, and protein content. J Am Coll Nutr (1985) 4 437450.

TV Perneger What's wrong with Bonferroni adjustments 1. Br Med J (1998) 316 12361238.

J Salmeron , A Ascherio , EB Rimm , GA Colditz , D Spiegelman , DJ Jenkins , MJ Stampfer , AL Wing , WC Willett Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men.Diabetes Care (1997b) 20 545550.

J Salmeron , JE Manson , MJ Stampfer , GA Colditz , AL Wing , WC Willett Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin dependent diabetes in women.JAMA (1997a 277 472477.

J Stevens , K Ahn , Juhaeri . 2002 Dietary fiber intake and glycemic index and incidence of diabetes in African-American and white adults: the ARIC study. Diabetes Care 25 17151721.

Y Tahara , K Shima Kinetics of HbA1c, glycated albumin, and fructosamine and analysis of their weight functions against preceding plasma glucose level 1. Diabetes Care (1995) 18 440447.

LE Wagenknecht , EJ Mayer , M Rewers et al.. The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS): objectives, design, and recruitment results. Ann Epidemiol (1995) 5 464472.

TM Wolever The glycemic index. World Rev Nutr Diet (1990) 62 120185.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: