Bland JM and Altman DG (1986) Statistical methods for assessing agreements between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet 1, 307–310.
Blundell JE (1979) Hunger, appetite and satiety — constructs in search of identities. In Nutrition and Lifestyles, pp. 21–42 [Turner M, editor]. London: Applied Science Publishers.
Blundell JE and Hill AJ (1988) On the mechanism of action of dexfenfluramine: effect on allesthesia and appetite motivation in lean and obese subjects. Clinical Neuropharmacology 11, S121–S134.
Blundell JE & Stubbs RJ (1998) Diet composition and the control of food intake in humans. In International Handbook of Obesity [Bray GA, Bouchard C and James WPT, editors]. New York, NY: Dekker Inc.
Campfield LA, Smith FJ, Rosenbaum M and Geary N (1992) Human hunger monitoring of motivation to eat. International Journal of Obesity 20 (Suppl. 4), 104.
de Castro J and Elmore DK (1988) Subjective hunger relationships with meal patterns in the spontaneous feeding behaviour of humans, evidence for a casual connection. Physiology and Behaviour 43, 159–165.
De Graaf C (1993) The validity of appetite ratings. Appetite 21, 156–160.
De Graaf C, Schreurs A and Blauw GH (1993) Short term effects of different amounts of sweet and non sweet carbohydrates on satiety and energy intake. Physiology and Behaviour 54, 833–843.
Delargy HJ, Lawton CL, Smith FC, King NA and Blundell JE (1996) Electronic appetite rating system (EARS): validation of continuous automated monitoring of motivation to eat. International Journal of Obesity 20 (Suppl. 4), 104.
Downie WW, Leatham PA, Rhind VM, Wright V, Branco JA and Anderson JA (1978) Studies with pain rating scales. Annals of Rheumatic Disease 37, 378–281.
Drummond HE, Ghosh S, Ferguson A, Brackenridge D and Tiplady B (1995) Electronic quality of life questionnaires: a comparison of pen-based electronic questionnaires with conventional paper in a gastrointestinal study. Quality of Life Research 4, 21–26.
Freyd MT (1923) The graphic rating scale. Journal of Educational Psychology 14, 83–102.
Hill AJ and Blundell JE (1982) Nutrients and behaviour: research strategies for the investigation of taste characteristics, food p, hunger sensations and eating patterns in man. Journal of Psychological Research 17, 203–212.
Hill AJ and Blundell JE (1990) Sensitivity of the appetite control system in obese subjects to nutritional and serotoninergic challenges. International Journal of Obesity 14, 219–233.
Hill AJ, Rogers PJ and Blundell JE (1995) Techniques for the experimental measurement of human eating behaviour and food intake: a practical guide. International Journal of Obesity 19, 361–375.
Hunt SM, McKenna SP, McEwen J, Williams J and Papp E (1981) The Nottingham Health Profile: subjective health status and medical consultations. Social Science and Medicine 15, 221–229.
Johnstone AM, Stubbs RJ and Harbron CG (1996) Effect of overfeeding macronutrients on day-to-day food intake in man. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 50, 418–430.
Keys A, Brozek J, Henschel A, Mickelsen O & Taylor HL (1950) The biology of human starvation. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Lappalainen R, Mennen L, van Weert L and Mykkanen H (1993) Drinking water with a meal: a simple method of coping with feelings of hunger, satiety and desire to eat. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 47, 815–819.
Leathwood P and Pollet P (1988) Effects of slow release carbohydrates in the form of bean flakes on the evolution of hunger and satiety in man. Appetite 10, 1–11.
Lissner L, Levitsky D, Strupp B, Kalkwarf H and Roe D (1987) Dietary fat and the regulation of energy intake in human subject. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, 886–892.
Mattes R (1990) Hunger ratings are not a valid proxy measure of reported food intake in humans. Appetite 15, 103–113.
Mayer J (1955) The regulation of energy intake and body weight. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 63, 15–43.
Monello MF and Mayer J (1967) Hunger and satiety sensations in men, women, boys and girls. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 20, 253–261.
Ohnhaus EE and Alder R (1975) Methodological problems in the measurement of pain: a comparison between the verbal rating scale and the visual analogue scale. Pain 1, 379–384.
Pi-Sunyer X, Kissileff HR, Thornton J and Smith GP (1982) C-terminal octopeptide of cholescystokinin decreases food intake in obese men. Physiology and Behaviour 29, 627–630.
Raben A (1995) Appetite and carbohydrate metabolism. PhD Thesis., Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen.
Raben A, Tagliabue A and Astrup A (1995) The reproducibility of subjective appetite scores. British Journal of Nutrition 73, 517–530.
Reid CA, Harbron CG and Blundell JE & Stubbs RJ (1998) What are psychometric assessments of appetite asking: a preliminary multivariate analysis. International Journal of Obesity 22 (Suppl. 3), 151A.
Rogers PJ, Carlyle J, Hill AJ and Blundell JE (1988) Uncoupling sweet taste and calories: comparison of the effects of glucose and three intense sweeteners on hunger and food intake. Physiology and Behaviour 43, 547–552.
Rolls BJ, Hetherington M and Laster LJ (1988) Comparison of the effects of aspartame and sucrose on appetite and food intake. Appetite 11, 62–67.
Silverstone T & Goodall E (1986) Measurement of hunger and food intake. In Disorders of Eating Behaviour, a Psychoneuroendocrine Approach, pp. 129–134 [Ferrari E, editor]. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Speigel TA, Stunkard AJ, Shrager EE, O'Brian CP, Morrison MF and Stellar E (1987) Effect of naltrexone on food intake, hunger and satiety in obese men. Physiology and Behaviour 40, 135–141.
Spitzer L and Rodin J (1981) Human eating behaviour: a critical review of studies in normal weight and overweight individuals. Appetite 2, 293–329.
Stratton RJ, Stubbs RJ and Elia M (1998) Appetite and food intake during artificial nutrition. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 57, 96A.
Stratton RJ, Stubbs RJ, Hughes DA, King N, Blundell JE and Elia M (1998) Comparison of the traditional paper visual analogue scales questionnaires with an Apple Newton electronic rating system (EARS) in free living subjects feeding. ad libitum. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 52, 737–741.
Stubbs RJ (1995) Macronutrient effects on appetite. International Journal of Obesity 19 (Suppl. 5), S11–S19.
Stubbs RJ, Harbron CG, Murgatroyd PR and Prentice AM (1995) Covert manipulation of dietary fat and energy density: effect on substrate flux and food intake in men feeding. ad libitum. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 62, 316–330.
Stubbs RJ, Johnstone AM, Harbron CG and Reid C (1998) Covert manipulation of the mixed energy density diets: effect on. ad libitum food intake in "pseudo free-living" humans. International Journal of Obesity 22, 980–987.
Stubbs RJ, Johnstone AM, O'Reilly LM and Poppitt SD (1998) Methodological issues relating to the measurement of food, energy and nutrient intake in human laboratory-based studies. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 57, 357–372.
Stubbs RJ, O'Reilly LM, Johnstone AM, Franklin MF and Reid C (1998) Description and evaluation of an experimental model to examine changes in qualitative and quantitative feeding behaviour in humans. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53, 13–21.
Stubbs RJ, Rowley E, Hughes DA, Johnstone AM, Reid CA, King N, Blundell J, Elia M and Stratton RJ (1997) Evaluating a new electronic appetite rating system (EARS). International Journal of Obesity 21 (Suppl. 2), 391.
Stubbs RJ, Van Wyk MCW, Johnstone AM and Harbron C (1996) Breakfasts high in protein, fat or carbohydrate: effect on within-day appetite and energy balance. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 50, 409–417.
Thompson DA and Campbell RG (1977) Hunger in humans induced by 2 deoxy-D-glucose glucoprivic control of taste p and food intake. Science 198, 1065–1068.
Thompson DA & Campbell RG (1978) Experimental hunger in man: Behavioural and metabolic correlates of intracellular glucopenia. In Central Mechanisms of Anorectic Drugs, pp. 437–445 [Garrattini S and Samanin R, editors]. New York, NY: Raven Press.
Thompson DA, Welle Sl, Lilavivat U, Penicaud L and Campbell RG (1982) Opiate receptor blockade in man reduces 2-deoxy-D-glucose induced food intake but not hunger, thirst, and hypothermia. Life Sciences 31, 847–852.
Trenchard E and Silverstone T (1983) Naloxone reduces the food intake of normal human volunteers. Appetite 4, 43–50.
Westrate JA (1992) Effect of nutrients on the regulation of food intake. In Unilever Research. Vlaardingen: Unilever.
Wolkowitz OM, Breier A, Doran A, Rubinow D and Berrettini W (1988) Prednisone-induced behavioural and biological changes in medically healthy volunteers. Psychopharmacology Bulletin 24, 492–494.
Yeomans MR, Gray RW, Mitchell CJ and True S (1997) Independent effects of palatability and within meal pauses on intake and appetite ratings in human volunteers. Appetite 29, 61–76.