Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Whole-body calorimetry studies in adult men: 1. The effect of fat over-feeding on 24 h energy expenditure

  • Helen M. Dallosso (a1) and W. P. T. James (a1)
Abstract

1. Eight young men of normal weight were maintained for 1 week on a weight-maintenance diet followed by a 1-week period of over-feeding with extra fat designed to increase energy intake by 50%. Two 36 h calorimetry sessions with low and high physical activities were included in each feeding period. Faecal and urine collections permitted checks on energy malabsorption and nitrogen excretion.

2. Over-feeding led to increases in body-weight, faecal energy and N excretion and in estimated N retention. Faecal energy outputs on the maintenance and over-feeding diets were 5 and 4.4% of the respective gross energy intakes.

3. Energy expenditure on fat over-feeding increased by 5.6% on the low-activity regimen and 6.4% on the high-activity regimen. This amounted, in terms of the extra energy intake, to 9 and 11 % on the inactive and active schedules respectively. The increase affected day- and night-time rates of energy expenditure plus the basal metabolic rate. Individuals with a low percentage body fat showed the greatest response to over-feeding.

4. Nutrient-balance studies derived from calorimetry suggested that fat over-feeding led to substantial fat deposition with no evidence of sparing of carbohydrate oxidation. The theoretical cost of depositing dietary fat was exceeded, suggesting that regulatory thermogenic mechanisms may have been stimulated to a small extent.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Whole-body calorimetry studies in adult men
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Whole-body calorimetry studies in adult men
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Whole-body calorimetry studies in adult men
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Adam J. M., Best T. W. & Edholm O. G. (1961). Journal of Physiology (London) 156, 38P.
Apfelbaum M., Borstarron J. & Lacatis D. (1971). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24, 14081409.
Bingham S., McNeil N. I. & Cummings J. H. (1981). British Journal of Nutrition 45, 2334.
Blaxter K. L. (1969). The Energy Metabolism of Ruminants, 3rd ed. London: Hutchinson & Co. Ltd.
Bourgeois F., Alexin A. & Lemonnier D. (1983). British Journal of Nutrition 49, 1726.
Branch W. J. & Cummings J. H. (1978). Gut 19, 371376.
Bray G. A. & York D. A. (1979). Physiological Reviews 59, 719784.
Consolazio C. F., Johnson R. E. & Pecora L. J. (1963). Physiological measurements of metabolic functions in man. London: McGraw-Hill.
Dallosso H. M. & James W. P. T. (1984). British Journal of Nutrition 52, 6572.
Dallosso H. M., Murgatroyd P. R. & James W. P. T. (1982). Human Nutrition: Clinical Nutrition 36C, 2539.
Danforth E., Horton E. S., O'Connell M., Sims E. A. H., Burger A. G., Ingbar S. H., Braverman L. & Vagenakis A. G. (1979). Journal of Clinical Investigation 64, 13361347.
Dauncey M. J. (1980). British Journal of Nutrition 43, 257269.
Durnin J. V. G. A. & Womersley J. (1974). British Journal of Nutrition 32, 7797.
Elwyn D. H. (1980). Critical care medicine 8 (1), 920.
Flatt J. P. (1978). In Recent Advances in Obesity, vol. 2, pp. 211228 [Bray G. A., editor]. London: Newman publishing.
Garrow J. S. (1974). Energy Balance and Obesity in Man. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Isaksson B. (1980). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 33, 45.
Lin P., Romsos D. R., Vander Tuig J. G. & Leveille G. A. (1979). Journal of Nutrition 109, 11431153.
MacNair A. L. (1979). Lancet ii, 1300.
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. (1960). Statistical bulletin no. 41.
Miller D. S. (1979). In Animal models of obesity, pp. 131141 [Festing M., editor]. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.
Miller D. S. & Mumford P. (1967). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 20, 12121222.
Miller D. S., Mumford P. & Stock M. J. (1967). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 20, 12231229.
Neumann R. O. (1902). Archives of Hygiene 45, 187.
Norgan N. G. & Durnin J. V. G. A. (1980). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 33, 978988.
Passmore R. (1982). Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 41, 161165.
Paul A. A. & Southgate D. A. T. (1978). McCance and widdowson's The Composition of Foods, 4th ed. London: H. M. Stationery Office.
Rai R. M., Malhotra M. S., Dimri G. P. & Sampathkumar T. (1975). American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 28, 242245.
Robbins D. C., Danforth E., Horton E. S., Burse R. L., Goldman R. F. & Sims E. A. H. (1979). Metabolism 28, 908916.
Schemmel R., Mickelson O. & Gill J. L. (1970). Journal of Nutrition 100, 10411048.
Sims E. A. H., Danforth E., Horton E. S., Bray G. A., Glennon J. A. & Salans L. B. (1973). Recent Progress in Hormone Research 29, 457496.
Southgate D. A. T. & Durnin J. V. G. A. (1970). British Journal of Nutrition 24, 517535.
Tepperman H. M., De Witt J. & Tepperman J. (1978). Journal of Nutrition 108, 19241931.
US Senate Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs (1977). Dietary Goals for the United States. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
Zed C. A. & James W. P. T. (1982). Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 41, 32A.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 37 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 81 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.