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ON THE SECOND-LARGEST SYLOW SUBGROUP OF A FINITE SIMPLE GROUP OF LIE TYPE

  • S. P. GLASBY (a1), ALICE C. NIEMEYER (a2) and TOMASZ POPIEL (a3) (a4)

Abstract

Let $T$ be a finite simple group of Lie type in characteristic $p$ , and let $S$ be a Sylow subgroup of $T$ with maximal order. It is well known that $S$ is a Sylow $p$ -subgroup except for an explicit list of exceptions and that $S$ is always ‘large’ in the sense that $|T|^{1/3}<|S|\leq |T|^{1/2}$ . One might anticipate that, moreover, the Sylow $r$ -subgroups of $T$ with $r\neq p$ are usually significantly smaller than $S$ . We verify this hypothesis by proving that, for every $T$ and every prime divisor $r$ of $|T|$ with $r\neq p$ , the order of the Sylow $r$ -subgroup of $T$ is at most $|T|^{2\lfloor \log _{r}(4(\ell +1)r)\rfloor /\ell }=|T|^{O(\log _{r}(\ell )/\ell )}$ , where $\ell$ is the Lie rank of $T$ .

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The authors acknowledge support from the Australian Research Council (ARC) grant DP140100416 and the first author also acknowledges support from DP160102323; the first and third authors are grateful to RWTH Aachen University for financial support and hospitality during their respective visits in 2017, when the research leading to this paper was undertaken.

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