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The Khwarezmian glossary—I

  • D. N. MacKenzie

Khwarezmian linguistic studies have progressed but slowly since their inception in 1927, when A. Z. V. Togan published his discovery of some Khwarezmian (hereafter Xw.) sentences in an Arabic fiqh book. W. B. Henning's first article appeared after nine years and a quarter of a century later H. W. Bailey could still refer to ‘the slowly emerging Chorasmian’. The latest bibliography cannot boast more than two dozen titles. It is our tragic loss that Henning, having studied all the available Xw. material in the course of four decades, should have left ready for publication only the first 260 entries (from '– to ' kiv) of the Khwarezmian dictionary on which he was working at his most untimely death. Of course, Togan's publication in 1951 of the facsimile of a manuscript of Zamakhshari's Arabic dictionary Muqaddimatu 'l-adab, almost completely glossed in Xw., made the greater part of the extant Xw. material generally available, but, not least because of the labour involved, few have cared to duplicate or anticipate Henning's work. Now suddenly, however, in the words of a colleague, ‘everyone has become a Khwarezmologist’, through the publication of a transliteration and translation of this same linguistic material by Johannes Benzing.

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1 Ḫwārezmische Satze in einem arabischen Fiqh-Werke’, Islamica, III, 1927, 190213.

2 Über die Sprache der Chvarezmier’, ZDMG, xc, 1936, *30–*34.

3 In a review in JRAS, 1961, 54.

4 This fragment is to be published shortly as a supplement to Asia Major. Its contents are not anticipated here but are referred to as Diet.

5 Documents on Khorezmian culture, 1. Muqaddimat al-adab, with the translation in Khorezmian, Istanbul.

6 Das chwaresmische Sprachmaterial einer Handschrift der ‘Muqaddimat al-adab’ von Zamaxšarī. I. Text, xx, 403 pp. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag GmbH, 1968. DM 184.

7 It remains to be seen whether by ‘samtliche vorkommende Worter‘ the author means analysed dictionary forms, i.e. the nominatives of nouns and stems of verbs, or the various inflected forms actually occurring.

8 Samachscharii lexicon arabicum persicum ex codicibus manuscriptis… edidit atque indicem arabicum adiecit Dr.… Wetzstein, Leipzig, 1850. In addition to this, I have had considerable use of the available parts of an edition by Imām, Muhammad Kāzim, Pīshrav-i adab, Tehran, 19631965(hereafter Pishro, the editor's spelling). The work is cited by Benzing (p. xiii), but has evidently not been used.

9 There are very few sure cases of over-pointing.

10 In my transliteration of Xw. words, a penultimate raised y represents the letter written only when the word is in pause.

11 Henning's articles are quoted thus:

Hb. =Handbuch der Orientalistik, Abt. I, iv. Bd., Iranistik, 1, Linguistik, ‘Mitteliranisch’.

‘Lg.’ =‘The Khwarezmian language’, in Zeki Velidi Togan'a armağan, Istanbul, 1955, 421–36.

‘Verb’ = The structure of the Khwarezmian verb’, AM, NS, v, 1, 1955, 43–9.

12 [See now Schwartz, M., ‘Miscellanea iranica’, in Boyce, M. and Gershevitch, I. (ed.), W. B. Henning memorial volume, London, 1970, p. 386, n. 6.]

13 M. N. Bogoljubov's articles will be cited thus:

‘Čast.’ = Časticy v xorezmijskom jazyke’, UZLU, No. 305, 12, 1961, 81–4.

‘Lič.’ = Ličnye mestoimenija v xor. jaz.’, UZLU, No. 306, 16, 1962, 615.

‘Mest.’ = ‘Mestoimenija v xor. jaz.’, KSINA, LXVII, 1963, 99103.

‘Piśm.’ = O nekotoryx osobennostjax arabo-xorezmijskoj piśmennosti‘, NAA, 1961, No. 4, 182–7.

14 Frejman, A. A., Xorezmijskij jazyk, Moscow-Leningrad, 1951.

15 [On which, see now Schwartz, , art. cit., p. 389.]

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