1998. “Cultural complexes of the Bronze Age in the Tarim Basin and surrounding areas”, in Mair, V.H. (ed.), The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum Publications, 45–62.
1998. “The opening of the Eurasian steppe at 2000 bce
”, in Mair, V.H. (ed.), The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum Publications, 94–113.
2009. Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
1966. The Silk Road. London: Allen & Unwin.
Chen, K. and Hiebert, F.T.. 1995. “The late prehistory of Xinjiang in relation to its neighbors”, Journal of World Prehistory
9, 243–300. doi: 10.1007/BF02221840
2009. “On the date of the eastward export of Xinjing Hotan jade to the hinterland” (关于新疆和田玉东输内地的年代问题). Kaogu (Archaeology), 81–3.
2000. “Silk roads or Steppe roads? The silk roads in world history”, Journal of World History
Cui, Y., Gao, S., Xie, C., Zhang, Q., Wang, H., Zhu, H. and Zhou, H.. 2009. “Analysis of the matrilineal genetic structure of population in the early Iron Age from Tarim Basin, Xinjiang, China”, Chinese Science Bulletin
54, 3916–23. doi: 10.1007/s11434-009-0647-8
2008. Europe between the Oceans. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
1998. “Tribal interaction between the early Iron Age nomads of the southern Ural steppe, Semirechiye and Xinjiang”, in Mair, V.H. (ed.), The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum Publications, 238–63.
2007. La Keriya dans tous ses états: modes de peuplement et paléoenvironnements. Presented at the 3ème Congrès du Réseau Asie – IMASIE, Paris.
Debaine-Francfort, C., Debaine, F. and Idriss, A.. 2010. “The Taklimakan oases: an environmental evolution shown through geoarchaeology”, in Schneier-Madanes, G. and Courel, M.-F. (eds), Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 181–202.
Di Cosmo, N.
2014. “A note on the formation of the ‘Silk Road’ as long-distance exchange network”, in Bulut, M. (ed.), ReSilkroad. Istanbul: Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University Publications, 17–26.
Di Cosmo, N.
2000. “Ancient city-states of the Tarim Basin”, in Hansen, M.H. (ed.), A Comparative Study of Thirty City-State Cultures: An Investigation. Copenhagen: C.A. Reitzels Forlag.
Ferguson, J. and Keynes, M.. 1978. “China and Rome”, in Temporini, H. and Haase, W. (eds), Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 581–603.
1998. “The ground plans of archaic states”, in Feinman, G.M. and Marcus, J. (eds), Archaic States. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press.
2002. “Bronze Age exploitation and political dynamics of the eastern Eurasian steppe zone”, in Boyle, K., Renfrew, C., and Levine, M. (eds), Ancient Interactions: East and West in Eurasia. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 161–70.
2012. “Multiregional emergence of mobile pastoralism and nonuniform institutional complexity across Eurasia”, Current Anthropology
53, 2–38. doi: 10.1086/663692
2011. “Migration concepts in central Eurasian archaeology”, Annual Review of Anthropology
40, 195–212. doi: 10.1146/annurev-anthro-081309-145939
2012. “‘The painted pottery road’ and early Sino-Western cultural exchange”, Anabasis, 25–42.
Hansen, M.H. (ed.). 2000. A Comparative Study of Thirty City-State Cultures: An Investigation. Copenhagen: C.A. Reitzels Forlag.
2012. The Silk Road: A New History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hemphill, B.E. and Mallory, J.P.. 2004. “Horse-mounted invaders from the Russo-Kazakh steppe or agricultural colonists from western Central Asia? A craniometric investigation of the Bronze Age settlement of Xinjiang”, American Journal of Physical Anthropology
124, 199–222. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.10354
2015. Through the Jade Gate: China to Rome. A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty 1st to 2nd centuries ce
(First edition). Lexington: Book Surge Publishing.
2015. Inner Asia and the Spatial Politics of Empire. Archaeology, Mobility and Cultural Contact. New York: Springer.
1998. “Did the Xinjiang Indo-Europeans leave their home because of global cooling?”, in Mair, V.H. (ed.), The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum Publications, 683–98.
IAX (Institute of Archaeology of the Xinjiang Academy of Social Sciences). 1988. “Excavation of the Xintala site, Heshuo, Xinjiang” (新疆和硕新塔拉遗址发掘简报). Kaogu (Archaeology), 399–407.
Jiang, H., Wu, Y., Wang, H., Ferguson, D.K. and Li, C.-S.. 2013. “Ancient plant use at the site of Yuergou, Xinjiang, China: implications from desiccated and charred plant remains”, Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
22, 129–40. doi: 10.1007/s00334-012-0365-z
1998. “Cultural connections of the Tarim Basin people and pastoralists of the Asian steppe in the Bronze Age”, in Mair, V.H. (ed.), The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum Publications, 63–93.
2008. The Prehistory of the Silk Road. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
2012a. “Treasures from the underground palace: tomb treasures of Han China”, Art of Asia
2012b. “The Emperor's new clothes: dressing for the afterlife”, Art of Asia
2010. The Silk Road in World History. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ma, Y. and Sun, Y.. 1996. “The western regions under the Hsiung-nu and the Han”, in Harmatta, J. (ed.), History of Civilizations of Central Asia Vol. 2. Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 227–46.
Ma, Y. and Wang, B.. 1996. “The culture of the Xinjiang region”, in Harmatta, J. (ed.), History of Civilizations of Central Asia Vol. 2. Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 209–25.
1995. “Mummies of the Tarim Basin”, Archaeology, 48, 28–35.
2010. Rome and the Distant East: Trade Routes to the Ancient Lands of Arabia, India and China. London: Continuum.
Mei, J. and Shell, C.. 1998. “Copper and bronze metallurgy in late prehistoric Xinjiang”, in Mair, V.H. (ed.), The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum Publications, 581–603.
Mei, J., Wang, P., Chen, K., Wang, L., Wang, Y. and Liu, Y.. 2015. “Archaeometallurgical studies in China: some recent developments and challenging issues”, Journal of Archaeological Science
56, 221–32. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2015.02.026
2013. “City and hinterland: villages and estates north of Palmyra. New perspectives”, Studia Palmyreńskie, 269–85.
2011. Chinese Jade. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1998. “The Andronovo bronze artifacts discovered in Toquztara County in Ili, Xinjiang”, in Mair, V.H. (ed.), The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum Publications, 573–80.
2008. Tin in Antiquity: Its Mining and Trade throughout the Ancient World with Particular Reference to Cornwall. Leeds: Maney Publishing.
2009. “Metals and related minerals and ores”, in Archaeomineralogy. Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer, 143–82.
1978. “New studies in Roman commerce with the East”, in Temporini, H. and Haase, W. (eds), Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 604–1361.
1998. “The Tarim Basin, Tocharian, and Indo-European origin: a view from the West”, in Mair, V.H. (ed.), The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern Central Asia. Philadelphia: The University of Pennsylvania Museum Publications, 202–14.
2008. “Questions of ancient human settlement in Xinjiang and the early Silk Road trade, with an overview of Silk Road research institutions and scholars in Beijing, Gansu and Xinjiang”, Sino-Platonic Papers, 3–119. Available at: http://www.sino-platonic.org/
Sanders, W.T. and Webster, D.. 1978. “Unilinealism, multilinealism, and the evolution of complex societies”, in Redman, C.L. (ed.), Social Archeology, Beyond Subsistence and Dating. New York: Academic Press.
1903. Sand-Buried Ruins of Khotan. London: T. Fisher Unwin.
Tang, Z., Chen, D., Wu, X. and Mu, G.. 2013. “Redistribution of prehistoric Tarim people in response to climate change”, Quaternary International
308–9: 36–41. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.01.021
Tan, J., L. Li, Zhang, J., Fu, W., Guan, H., Ao, X., Wang, L., Wu, X., Han, K., Jin, L. and Li, H.. 2013. “Craniometrical evidence for population admixture between eastern and western Eurasians in Bronze Age southwest Xinjiang”, Chinese Science Bulletin
58, 299–306. doi: 10.1007/s11434-012-5459-6
1969. “The development of trade between the Roman Empire and the East under Augustus”, Greece and Rome (Second Series)
1971. “The silk trade between China and the Roman Empire at its height, circa AD 90–130”, Greece and Rome (Second Series)
1979. “The Roman Empire and the Kushans”, Greece and Rome (Second Series)
1997. Mounted Archers: The Beginnings of Central Asian History. Durham: Durham Academic Press.
2007. Culture and Change in Central European Prehistory. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.
Wagner, M., Wu, X., Tarasov, P., Aisha, A., Ramsey, C.B., Schultz, M., Schmidt-Schultz, T. and Gresky, J.. 2011. “Radiocarbon-dated archaeological record of early first millennium B.C. mounted pastoralists in the Kunlun Mountains, China”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
108: 15733–8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1105273108
1981. “Excavation report of the vertical-pit wooden coffin chamber tombs of Alagou in Xinjiang” (新疆阿拉沟竖穴木撑墓发掘简报), Wenwu, 18–22.
Wang, Helen. 2004. Money on the Silk Road: The Evidence from eastern Central Asia to c. ad 800. London: British Museum Press.
XAT (Xinjiang Archaeology Team), Administration for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Bayingolin Autonomous Mongolian Prefecture, Xinjiang. 1990a. “Excavation of Cemetery No. 2 at Chawuhu Pass, Hejing, Xinjiang” (新疆和静县察吾乎沟口二号墓地发掘简报), Kaogu (Archaeology), 511–8.
XAT (Xinjiang Archaeology Team), Administration for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Bayingolin Autonomous Mongolian Prefecture, Xinjiang. 1990b. “Excavation of Cemetery No. 3 at Chawuhu Pass, Hejiang County, Xinjiang” (新碑和静粤察吾乎沟口三号墓地发掘简报), Kaogu (Archaeology), 882–9.
XAT (Xinjiang Archaeology Team), Administration for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Bayingolin Autonomous Mongolian Prefecture, Xinjiang. 1988. Cemetery No.1 at Chawuhu Pass, Hejing County, Xinjiang (新疆和静县察吾乎沟口一号墓地), Kaogu Xuebao, 75–99.
Xinjiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology. 2014. “The Yu'ergou site and Alagou Cemetery in Urumqi City” (乌鲁木齐市鱼儿沟遗址与阿拉沟墓地), Kaogu (Archaeology), 19–35.
1998. “The ancient cemetery of Alagou (Awrighul), Tianshan, Xinjiang Province: R.C.”, Circle of Inner Asian Art: Newsletter, 13–5.
Zhao, K., Li, X., Zhou, X., Dodson, J. and Ji, M.. 2013. “Impact of agriculture on an oasis landscape during the late Holocene: palynological evidence from the Xintala site in Xinjiang, NW China”, Quaternary International
311, 81–86. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.06.035
1998. “The Chawuhu culture in Xinjiang”, Circle of Inner Asian Art: Newsletter, 3–6.
Zu, R., Gao, Q., Qu, J. and Qiang, M.. 2003. “Environmental changes of oases at southern margin of Tarim Basin, China”, Environmental Geology
44, 639–44. doi: 10.1007/s00254-003-0808-z