Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Transmission of Tirmidhī's Jāmi‘

Abstract

Abū ‘Īsā Muḥammad b. ‘Īsā b. Sawra b. Shaddād b. al-Ḍaḥḥāk al-Sulamī al-Būghī al-Tirmidhī is famous for bis collection of traditions which is one of the six books now generally recognized by Sunnīs. He is reported to have said that his grandfather belonged to Marw, but removed from there in the time of Al-Laith b. Sayyār to Tinnidh, a town on the north bank of the Āmū Daryā. Like many others Tirmidhī travelled in pursuit of learning, and heard traditions from numerous Khurāsānīs, ‘Irāqīs, and Ḥijāzīs. He was a pupil of Bukhārī, and also heard traditions from some of Bukhārī's shaikhs, such as Qutaiba b. Sa‘īd al-Baghlānī (d. 240), ‘Alī b. Ḥujr al-Marwazī (d. 244), Abū Kuraib Muḥammad b. al-‘Alā’ al-Kūfī (161–248), and Muḥammad b. Bashshār al-Baṣrī (167–252).4 An interesting story is told to illustrate his power of committing traditions to memory. On the way to Mecca he met a shaikh from whose traditions he had copied out two juz’.

Copyright
References
Hide All

page 258 note 1 Al-Laith b. Naṣr b. Sayyār. Yāqūt cf., Geog. Wörterb., 4, 25; Khalīfa Ḥājjī, 5, 121.

page 258 note 2 Khair Ibn, Fihrisa, 118.

page 258 note 3 Sam‘ānī, Ansāb, 106a; Ḥajar Ibn, Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb (Ḥaidarābād, 1325–8), 9, 387; Wüstenfeld F., Die Geschichtschreiber der Araber und ihre Werke (Göttingen, 1882), No. 75.

page 258 note 4 Sam‘ānī, loc. cit., has Qutaiba b. Ismā‘īl al-Ba‘Iānī, and he mentions also Hanād b. al-Sarī al-Kūfī, Muḥammad b. Mūsā al-Baṣrī, and ‘Abdallāh b. ‘Abd al-Raḥmān al-Dārimī al-Samarqandī, who do not seem to have been shaikhs of Bukhārī. al-Qaisarānī Ibn (K. al-jam‘ bain kitābai Abī Naṣr al-Kalābādhī wa-Abī Bakr al-Iṣbahānī, Ḥaidarābād, 1323) gives Hanād and ‘Abdallāh as authorities quoted by Muslim alone. If Muḥammad b. Mūsā is the man mentioned in Tahdhīb, 9, 482, though Tirmidhī quoted him, there is no indication that Bukhārī did. Khallikān Ibn (De Slane), 2, 679, gives Qutaiba, ‘Alī, Ibn Bashshār ‘ and others ’.

page 258 note 5 Dhahabī, Tadhkirat al-ḥuffāẓ (Ḥaidarābād, 1315), 2, 188; Tahdhīb, 9, 388.

page 258 note 6 Tadh., loc. cit.

page 258 note 7 Tadh., loc. cit.; Tahdhīb, 9, 389.

page 258 note 8 E.I., 4, 796.

page 259 note 1 Dhahabī, Mīzān al-i‘tidāl (Cairo, 1325), 3, 117; Tahdhīb, 9, 388.Mīzān has īṣāl and Tahdhīb has ittiṣāl. Brockelmann, GAL., Supp. 1, 695, mentions both.

page 259 note 2 cf. Brock., op. cit., 578, where it is noted that Ibn Ḥazm praised this work by Ibn al-Faraḍī.

page 259 note 3 Khair Ibn, Fihrisa, 118, says Sunday night, 13th Ramaḍān, 279; Ibn Khall., ii, 679, says Sunday night, 13th Rajab, 279; Tadh., 2, 188, says 13th Rajab, 279; Tahdhīb, 9, 388, says Rajab, 279; Sam‘ānī, Ansāb, 106a, says some years after 270; Yāqūt, Geog. Wōrterb., 1, 844, agrees with Sam‘ānī. Ibn Khali, quotes Sam‘ānī as giving 275, but this does not agree with Ansāb, 106a.

page 259 note 4 Fihrist (Cairo, 1348), 325; Geog. Wōrterb., 1, 844. The Cairo edition of the Jāmi‘ (1350/1931) entitles it Ṣaḥīḥ al-Tirmidhī.

page 259 note 5 Tadh., 2, 188.

page 259 note 6 Goldziher I. cf., Muhammedanische Studien, 2, 250 ff.

page 259 note 7 This must be an error for Al-Haitham b. Kulaib al-Shāshī mentioned by Yāqūt, Dhahabī, and Ibn Ḥajar. See below.

page 260 note 1 Geog. Wörterb., 1, 844.

page 260 note 2 op. cit., i, 265.

page 260 note 3 op. cit., i, 551.

page 260 note 4 op. cit., i, 747, 844.

page 260 note 5 op. cit., iv, 920.

page 260 note 6 Tadh., 2, 187.

page 260 note 7 Geog. Wörterb., 4, 825, mentions Muḥammad b. Maḥmūd b. ‘Antar b. Abū ĪĪsā. al-Tirmidhī, and says that Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Sulaīmān b. al-Khiḍr (d. 407) transmitted Tirmidhī's K. al-ṣaḥīḥ from him.

page 260 note 8 Tahdhīb, 9, 387.

page 260 note 9 p. 121.

page 260 note 10 Sam‘ānī, Ansāb, 511a. al-Baghdādī Al-Khaṭīb cf., Ta’rīkh Baghdād (Cairo, 1349/1931), No. 3990.

page 260 note 11 Ṣafadī, Das Biographische Lexicon (Bibl. Islamica, 6b), No. 310.

page 261 note 1 Fihrisa, 118.

page 261 note 2 op. cit., 117–19.

page 261 note 3 Ibn Bashkuwāl, Ṣila, No. 1181; Khall. Ibn, 3, 12 ff.; Tadh., 4, 86 ff.; Farḥūn Ibn, Al-dībāj al-mudhahhab (Cairo, 1329/1911), 281 ff.; Makkari, Analectes, 1, 477 ff.

page 261 note 4 Geog. Wōrterb., Register; Mīzān, 3, 5.

page 261 note 5 Khaṭīb, op. cit., No. 2015.

page 261 note 6 Khaṭīb, op. cit., No. 3990; Sam‘ānī, Ansāb, 313b.

page 261 note 7 Ṣila, No. 315; Dībāj, 104.

page 261 note 8 Ṣila, No. 860.

page 261 note 9 See p. 265.

page 261 note 10 pp. 6 f.

page 262 note 1 Ṣila, No. 970.

page 262 note 2 Ḍabbī, Bughyat al-multamis (Madrid, 1885), No. 1055.

page 262 note 3 Ṣila, No. 327; Geog. Wörterb., Register; Dībāj, 104 f.

page 262 note 4 Ibn al-Jazarī, Ghāyat al-nihāya (Bibl. Isl., 8), No. 190; Geog. Wōrterb., Register; al-Athīr Ibn, Kāmil (Cairo, 1301), 10, 88.

page 262 note 5 cf. Fihrīsa, 178; Ḍabbī, No. 655.

page 262 note 6 cf. Geog. Wōrterb., 1, 747.

page 262 note 7 ibid., where he is called Al-Shāshī al-Binkathī; Tadh., iii, 63, where he is called Al-Shashī.

page 262 note 8 For fuller details see BSOAS., 14 (1952), p. 580, n. 6.

page 262 note 9 Geog. Wōrterb., 2, 522 f., where Ṭabarzad is given, and the nisba Dāraqazzī is added. Kāmil, 12, 137, also gives Ṭabarzad.

page 263 note 1 Sam‘ānī, Ansāb, 481a; Geog. Wōrterb., 1, 846, iv, 270. I have followed Sam‘ānī's spelling. Yāqūt, H. 1, H. 2, and H. 3 all give Karūkhī.

page 263 note 2 Bāb, 42.

page 263 note 3 Geog. Wōrterb., 4, 270, merely mentions that Kurūkhī heard from him and from Tiryāqī, in Herāt.

page 263 note 4 Sam‘ānī, Ansāb, 481a, mentions him among those from whom Kurūkhī heard traditions.

page 263 note 5 op. cit., 106b. Geog. Wörterb., 1, 846, calls him Abū Naṣr ‘Abd al-‘Azīz b. Muḥammad b. Thumāma al-Tiryāqī and says that Kurūkhī was the last to transmit traditions from him in Baghdād. This does not necessarily contradict what is said in n. 3, above, as Kurūkhī moved to Baghdād and stayed there till he went to Mecca, where he died (Ansāb, 481a).

page 263 note 6 Ansāb, 125b. Geog. Wörterb., 1, 846, says Tiryāqī transmitted from him.

page 263 note 7 op. cit., 3, 866, and Register; Yāqūt, Dictionary of Learned Men (Gibb Mem. Ser.), 4, 286.

page 263 note 8 Geog. Wörterb., 4, 210, and Register; Ḥ.Kh., items 3083, 5539, 5822.

page 264 note 1 Geog. Wörterb., 4, 784, gives the nisba as Nashtabrī and says that ‘Abd al-Khāliq was called a ḥāfiẓ not because he was a traditionist. He heard few traditions. H. 4 (p. 19) gives Shatīrī in a footnote as an alternative for Tustarī.

page 264 note 2 Subkī, Ṭabaqāt al-Shāfi‘īya al-kubrā (Cairo, 1323–1334), 5, 56, gives Zāhir b. Rustum b. Abul Rajā’, but omits the notice he evidently intended to include. He places him among those who died in the 7th century.

page 264 note 3 R. A. Nicholson, in Sarrāj, Luma‘ (G.M.S.), p. 1, finds difficulty with this same name, and suggests reading Abul Haijā’ and Laithī, but this seems unnecessary. His text had Abul Munajjā and Lattī, as in H. 5 above, and so these forms are presumably correct. It is of interest to notice that in Luma‘, as in H. 5, Abul Munajjā quotes Abul Waqt.

page 264 note 4 Geog. Wörterb., Register; Khall. Ibn, 2, 171 f.

page 264 note 5 Brock., GAL., Supp., 1, 566.

page 264 note 6 I am indebted to Dr. P. Voorhoeve, Conservator of Or. MSS., Univ. Lib., Leiden, for sending me a microfilm of this passage.

page 264 note 7 p. 2.

page 265 note 1 Ṣila, No. 1187.

page 265 note 2 Ṣila, No. 315; Dībāj, 104.

page 265 note 3 Ṣila, No. 860.

page 265 note 4 Ansāb, 24b, gives Ardastānī, and Geog. Wōrterb., 1, 198, calls the place Ardistān. I have kept Ibn Khair’s form.

page 265 note 5 Khaṭīb, op. cit., No. 197.

page 265 note 6 He is ‘Abd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad. See Ṣila, No. 744; Ḍabbī, No. 986; Dībāj, 150.

page 265 note 7 Ṣila, No. 1276; Ghāyat, No. 3645.

page 266 note 1 Geog. Wōrterb., 1, 388.

page 266 note 2 It is interesting to find in this otherwise unknown chain one of the most distinguished names to appear in any of the transmissions of Tirmidhī's Jāmi‘. See GAL., Supp., 1, 628, where the reference to Dībāj should be 357 and not 301.

page 266 note 3 Ṣila, No. 876; Dībāj, 188 f.

page 266 note 4 Geog. Wōrterb., 3, 6, may refer to this man.

page 267 note 1 See p. 260.

page 267 note 2 See p. 263.

page 267 note 3 See p. 261.

page 267 note 4 See p. 265.

page 267 note 5 It has already been seen (p. 262) how this same passage was supplied by a chain of authorities tracing it to Tirmidhī through Haitham.

page 267 note 6 H. 3 (p. 6 f.), H. 4 (p. 20), and H. 5 (p. 44) give chains in which Kurūkhī quotes Azdī without indicating that anything was missing.

page 268 note 1 Goldziher, MS., 2, 262.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
  • ISSN: 0041-977X
  • EISSN: 1474-0699
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-the-school-of-oriental-and-african-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 5 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 97 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.