Skip to main content
×
×
Home

La non-participation politique des jeunes : Une étude des barrières temporaires et permanentes de l'engagement

  • Valérie-Anne Mahéo (a1), Yves Dejaeghere (a2) and Dietlind Stolle (a1)
Abstract

Résumé. Avec une méthodologie double, nous portons notre attention sur un groupe très peu étudié : les jeunes non-engagés. Grâce à des entrevues, nous distinguons quatre types de non-engagés: les critiques, ceux qui manquent de ressources politiques, les occupés, et ceux en attente de mobilisation. Les critiques ne représentent qu'une minorité des non-engagés, alors que les jeunes manquant de ressources sont plus nombreux. Cette étude démontre qu'une grande proportion de jeunes présente un potentiel d'engagement futur et que c'est principalement des barrières temporaires qui réduisent leur niveau d'engagement. L'analyse quantitative dévoile des variations d'attitudes, de profils démographiques et de volontés d'engagement entre types de non-engagés. Les non-engagés ne sont donc pas un groupe homogène.

Abstract. With a two-pronged methodology, this article takes a closer look at an understudied group: the disengaged youth. Using interviews, we discern four different types within this disengaged group: the criticals, those lacking political resources, the busy and those waiting for mobilization. The ‘criticals’ constitute only a minority of the disengaged group, while the young people who lack political resources are more common. Most importantly, a great proportion of young people show a certain potential for engagement. The quantitative analysis reveals that these types resemble distinct attitudinal and demographic profiles, and differ in their future willingness to participate. Thus the non-engaged are not a monolithic group.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Valérie-Anne Mahéo, Université McGillDépartement de science politique, Édifice Leacock, Bureau 414, 855 rue Sherbrooke ouest, Montréal, Québec H3A 2T7 –Canada, va.maheo@mail.mcgill.ca
Yves Dejaeghere, PhD, Katholieke Universiteit LeuvenCenter for Citizenship and Democracy, Parkstraat 45 Box 3602, B-3000 Leuven –Belgique, Yves.Dejaeghere@soc.kuleuven.be
Dietlind Stolle, Université McGillDépartement de science politique, Édifice Leacock, Bureau 414, 855 rue Sherbrooke ouest, Montréal, Québec H3A 2T7 –Canada, dietlind.stolle@mcgill.ca
References
Hide All
Almond, Gabriel A. et Verba, Sidney. 1965. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Princeton : Princeton University Press.
Bennet, Lance W. 1998. “1998 Ethiel De Sola Pool Lecture: The UnCivic Culture: Communication, Identity, and the Rise of Lifestyle Politics.” PS: Political Science & Politics 31, 4: 740761.
Blais, André, Gidengil, Elisabeth et Nevitte, Neil. 2004. “Where Does Turnout Decline Come From?European Journal of Political Research 43, 2: 221236.
Blais, André et Rubenson, Daniel. 2008. “Turnout Decline: Generational Value Change or New Cohort's Response to Electoral Competition?” Unpublished manuscript.
Bréchon, Pierre et Cautrès, Bruno. 1987. “L'inscription sur les listes électorales : Indicateur de socialisation ou de politisation ?Revue française de science politique 37, 4: 502525.
Bryman, Alan. 2008. Social Research Methods (third edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Creswell, John W. 1998. Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design. Choosing Among Five Traditions. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Delli Carpini, Michael X. et Keeter, Scott. 1996. What Americans Know About Politics and Why It Matters. New Haven : Yale University Press.
Diplock, Shelagh. 2002. “Non-Voters, Political Disconnection and Parliamentary Democracy.” Parliamentary Affairs 55: 715730.
Edwards, Kathy. 2007. “From Deficit to Disenfranchisement: Reframing Youth Electoral Participation.” Journal of Youth Studies 10, 5: 539–55.
Farthing, Rys. 2010. “The Politics of Youthful Antipolitics: Representing the ‘Issue’ of Youth Participation in Politics.” Journal of Youth Studies 13, 2: 181195.
Favre, Pierre et Offerlé, Michel. 2002. “Connaissances politiques, compétence politique ? Enquête sur les performances cognitives des étudiants français.” Revue française de science politique 52, 2-3: 201232.
Franklin, Mark N., Lyons, Patrick et Marsh, Michael. 2004. “Generational Basis of Turnout Decline in Established Democracies.” Acta Politica 39, 2: 115151.
Gallego, Aina. 2009. “Where Else Does Turnout Decline Come From? Education, Age, Generation and Period Effects in Three European Countries.” Scandinavian Political Studies 32, 1: 2344.
Gaxie, Daniel. 2002. “Appréhensions du politique et mobilisations des expériences sociales.” Revue française de science politique 52, 2-3: 145178.
Harrison, Lisa et Munn, Jamie. 2007. “Gendered (Non)participants? What Constructions of Citizenship Tell Us about Democratic Governance in the Twenty-first Century.” Parliamentary Affairs 60, 3: 426436.
Henn, Matt, Weinstein, Mark et Forrest, Sarah. 2005. “Uninterested Youth? Young People's Attitudes towards Party Politics in Britain.” Political Studies 53: 556578.
Henn, Matt, Weinstein, Mark et Hodgkinson, Sarah. 2007. “Social Capital and Political Participation. Understanding the Dynamics of Young People's Political Disengagement in Contemporary Britain.” Social Policy and Society 6: 467479.
Hooghe, Marc et Stolle, Dietlind. 2004. “Good girls go to the polling booth, Bad Boys go everywhere: Gender Differences in anticipated Political Participation Among American Fourteen-Year-Olds.” Women and Politics 26, 3-4:123.
House of Commons, Education and Skills Committee. 2007. Citizenship Education. Second Report of Session 2006–2007. London : The Stationary Office Limited. ⟨http://www.teachingcitizenship.org.uk/dnloads/final_report.pdf⟩ (consulté le 1er décembre 2008).
Ihl, Olivier. 2002. “Socialisation et événements politiques.” Revue française de science politique 52, 2-3: 125144.
Ion, Jacques. 2005. “Individualisation et engagement publics.” Dans Politiques de l'individualisme. Entre sociologie et philosophie, dir. Corcuff, Philippe, Ion, Jacques et de Singly, François. Paris : Les éditions Textuel.
Janmaat, Jan Germen. 2008. “The Civic Attitudes of Ethnic Minority Youth and the Impact of Citizenship Education.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 34, 1:2754.
Johnston, Richard et Soroka, Stuart. 2001. “Social Capital in a Multicultural Society. The Case of Canada.” Dans Social Capital and Participation in Everyday Life, dir. Dekker, Paul et Uslaner, Eric M.. London : Routledge.
Kimberlee, Richard H. 2002. “Why Don't British Young People Vote at General Elections?Journal of Youth Studies 5, 1: 8598.
Madsen, Douglas. 1987. “Political Self-Efficacy Tested.” The American Political Science Review 81, 2: 571582.
Marsh, Michael. 1991. “Accident or Design? Non-Voting in Ireland.” Irish Political Studies 6, 1: 114.
Muxel, Anne. 2002. “La Participation Politique Des Jeunes: Soubresauts, fractures et Ajustements.” Revue française de science politique 52, 5: 521–44.
Muxel, Anne. 2010. Avoir 20 ans en politique : les enfants du désenchantement. Paris : éditions du Seuil.
Oegema, Dirk et Klandermans, Bert. 1994. “Why Social Movement Symphatizers Don't Participate. Erosion and Nonconversion of Support.” American Sociological Review 59, 5: 703722.
O'Toole, Therese. 2003. “Engaging with Young People's Conceptions of the Political.” Children's Geographies 1, 1: 7190.
O'Toole, Therese, Marsh, Dave et Jones, Su. 2003. “Political Literacy Cuts Both Ways: The Politics of Non-Participation among Young People.” The Political Quarterly 74, 3: 349360.
Pettersen, Per Arnt. 1989. “Comparing non-voters in the USA and Norway. Permanence Versus Transience.” European Journal of Political Research 17: 351359.
Print, Murray. 2007. “Citizenship Education and Youth Participation in Democracy.” British Journal of Educational Studies 55, 3: 325345.
Putnam, Robert D. 2000. Bowling Alone. The Collapse and Revival of American Community, New York: Simon & Schuster.
Sale, Joanna, Lohfeld, Lynne et Brazil, Kevin. 2002. “Revisiting the Quantitative-Qualitative Debate: Implications for Mixed-Methods Research.” Quality & Quantity 36: 4353.
Sherrod, Lonnie R. 2003. “Promoting the Development of Citizenship in Diverse Youth.” PS: Political Science & Politics 36, 2: 287292.
Simard, Jean-Jacques. 1990. “Entre deux jeunesses, il faut choisir la moindre.” L'Action Nationale 80, 4: 367399.
Stolle, Dietlind, Harell, Allison, Mahéo, Valérie-Anne et Nishikawa, Laura. 2006. Enquête Canadienne de la Jeunesse – Canadian Youth Study. Montreal: McGill University. Data set.
Stolle, Dietlind, Hooghe, Marc et Micheletti, Michele. 2005. “Politics in the Supermarket: Political Consumerism as a Form of Political Participation.” International Political Science Review 26, 3: 245269.
Torney-Purta, Judith, Lehmann, Rainer, Oswald, Hans et Schulz, Wolfram. 2001. Citizenship and Education in Twenty-Eight Countries: Civic Knowledge and Engagement at Age Fourteen. Amsterdam: IEA.
Usalcas, Jeannine et Bowlby, Geoff. 2006. Students in the Labor Market. Ottawa: Statistics Canadahttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/81-004-x/2006001/9184-eng.htm#i⟩ (consulté le 11 juin 2011)
Verba, Sidney, Schlozman, Kay L. et Brady, Henry E.. 1995. Voice and Equality. Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Vultur, Mircea. 2003. “Le chômage des jeunes au Québec et au Canada : tendances et caractéristiques.” Relations industrielles / Industrial Relations 58, 2: 232257.
Zukin, Cliff, Keeter, Scott, Andolina, Molly, Jenkins, Krista et Delli Carpini, Michael X.. 2006. A New Engagement? Political Participation, Civic Life, and the Changing American Citizen. New York : Oxford University Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique
  • ISSN: 0008-4239
  • EISSN: 1744-9324
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-political-science-revue-canadienne-de-science-politique
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed