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La non-participation politique des jeunes : Une étude des barrières temporaires et permanentes de l'engagement

  • Valérie-Anne Mahéo (a1), Yves Dejaeghere (a2) and Dietlind Stolle (a1)
Abstract

Résumé. Avec une méthodologie double, nous portons notre attention sur un groupe très peu étudié : les jeunes non-engagés. Grâce à des entrevues, nous distinguons quatre types de non-engagés: les critiques, ceux qui manquent de ressources politiques, les occupés, et ceux en attente de mobilisation. Les critiques ne représentent qu'une minorité des non-engagés, alors que les jeunes manquant de ressources sont plus nombreux. Cette étude démontre qu'une grande proportion de jeunes présente un potentiel d'engagement futur et que c'est principalement des barrières temporaires qui réduisent leur niveau d'engagement. L'analyse quantitative dévoile des variations d'attitudes, de profils démographiques et de volontés d'engagement entre types de non-engagés. Les non-engagés ne sont donc pas un groupe homogène.

Abstract. With a two-pronged methodology, this article takes a closer look at an understudied group: the disengaged youth. Using interviews, we discern four different types within this disengaged group: the criticals, those lacking political resources, the busy and those waiting for mobilization. The ‘criticals’ constitute only a minority of the disengaged group, while the young people who lack political resources are more common. Most importantly, a great proportion of young people show a certain potential for engagement. The quantitative analysis reveals that these types resemble distinct attitudinal and demographic profiles, and differ in their future willingness to participate. Thus the non-engaged are not a monolithic group.

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Corresponding author
Valérie-Anne Mahéo, Université McGillDépartement de science politique, Édifice Leacock, Bureau 414, 855 rue Sherbrooke ouest, Montréal, Québec H3A 2T7 –Canada, va.maheo@mail.mcgill.ca
Yves Dejaeghere, PhD, Katholieke Universiteit LeuvenCenter for Citizenship and Democracy, Parkstraat 45 Box 3602, B-3000 Leuven –Belgique, Yves.Dejaeghere@soc.kuleuven.be
Dietlind Stolle, Université McGillDépartement de science politique, Édifice Leacock, Bureau 414, 855 rue Sherbrooke ouest, Montréal, Québec H3A 2T7 –Canada, dietlind.stolle@mcgill.ca
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Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique
  • ISSN: 0008-4239
  • EISSN: 1744-9324
  • URL: /core/journals/canadian-journal-of-political-science-revue-canadienne-de-science-politique
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