Angus, D.E., Auer, L., Cloutier, J.E., & Albert, T. (1995). Sustainable health care for Canada. Ottawa, ON: Queen's-University of Ottawa Economic Projects.
Armstrong, M.J., & Goldsteen, K.S. (1990). Friendship support patterns of older American women. Journal of Aging Studies, 4(4), 391–404.
Armstrong, P., & Kits, O. (2001). Hundred years ofcaregiving. (Report Commissioned by the Law Commission of Canada).
Barrett, A.E., & Lynch, S.M. (1999). Caregiving networks of elderly persons: Variation by marital status. Gerontologist, 39(6), 695–704.
Boaz, R.F., & Hu, J. (1997). Determining the amount of help used by disabled elderly persons at home: The role of coping resources. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 52B(6), S317–S324.
Bowling, A., & Browne, P.D. (1991). Social networks, health, and emotional well-being among the oldest old in London. Journal of Gerontology, 46(1), S20–S32.
Bowling, A., Farquhar, M., & Browne, P. (1991). Life satisfaction and associations with social network and support variables in three samples of elderly people. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 6(8), 549–566.
Campbell, L.D., Connidis, I.A., & Davies, L. (1999). Sibling ties in later life: A social network analysis. Journal of Family Issues, 20(1), 114–148.
Carpentier, N., & Ducharme, F. (2003). Care-giver network transformations: The need for an integrated perspective. Ageing and Society, 23, 1–9.
Cicirelli, V.G., Coward, R.T., & Dwyer, J.W. (1992). Siblings as caregivers for impaired elders. Research on Aging, 14(3), 331–350.
Denton, M. (1997). The linkages between informal and formal care of the elderly. Canadian Journal on Aging, 16(1), 30–50.
Eales, J., Keating, N., & Fast, J. (2001, August). Analysis of the impact of federal, provincial, territorial, and regional policies on caregivers' economic security. Ottawa, ON: Health Canada.
Fast, J., Eales, J., & Keating, N. (2001). Economic impact of health, income security and labour policies on informal caregivers of frail seniors. Ottawa, ON: Status of Women Canada.
Feeny, D., Furlong, W., Boyle, M., & Torrance, G.W. (1995). Multi-attribute health status classification systems: Health utilities index. PharmacoEconomics, 7(6), 490–502.
Frederick, J. (1995). As time goes by … Time use of Canadians. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada.
Fruin, D. (1998). A matter of chance for carers? Inspection of local authority support for carers. London, UK: Department of Health, Social Care Group.
Gallagher, S.K. (1994). Doing their share: Comparing patterns of help given by older and younger adults. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56, 567–578.
Globerman, J. (1996). Motivations to care: Daughters- and sons-in-law caring for relatives with Alzheimer's disease. Family Relations, 45, 37–45.
Gori, C. (2000). Solidarity in Italy's policies towards the frail elderly: A value at stake. International Journal of Social Welfare, 9, 261–269.
Harlton, S.-V., Keating, N., & Fast, J. (1998). Defining eldercare for policy and practice: Perspectives matter. Family Relations, 47, 281–288.
Havens, B., Donovan, C., & Hollander, M. (2001, July). Policies that have positive or negative impacts on informal care in Canada. Presentation to the International Association of Gerontology, Vancouver, BC.
Hawkins, B. (1996). Daughters and caregiving: Taking care of our own. American Association of Occupational Health Nurses Journal, 44(9), 433–437.
Hirsch, C. (1996). Understanding the influence of gender role identity on the assumption of family caregiving roles by men. International Journal on Aging and Human Development, 42(2), 103–121.
Ingersoll-Dayton, B., & Antonucci, T.C. (1988). Reciprocal and nonreciprocal social support: Contrasting sides of intimate relationships. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 43(3), S65–S73.
Israel, B.A., & Antonucci, T.C. (1987). Social network characteristics and psychological well-being: A replication and extension. Health Education Quarterly, 14(4), 461–481.
Jayakody, R. (1993). Neighborhoods and neighbor relations. In Jackson, J.S., Chatters, L.M., & Taylor, R.J. (Eds.), Aging in Black America (pp. 21–37). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Keating, N., & Fast, J. (2000). Time and consequences of informal care to frail seniors. Journal of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada, 22(2), 939–943.
Keating, N., Fast, J., Frederick, J., Cranswick, K., & Perrier, C. (1999). Eldercare in Canada: Context, content and consequences. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada.
Keating, N., Kerr, K., Warren, S., Grace, M., & Wertenberger, D. (1994). Who's the family in family caregiving?
Canadian Journal on Aging, 13(2), 268–286.
Keating, N., Otfinowski, P., Wenger, G.C., Fast, J., & Derksen, L. (2003). Understanding the caring capacity of informal networks of frail seniors: A case for care networks. Ageing and Society, 23, 115–127.
Klein Ikkink, K., & van Tilburg, T. (1998). Do older adults' network members continue to provide instrumental support in unbalanced relationships?
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 15(1), 59–75.
Litwak, E., Messeri, P., & Silverstein, M. (1990). The role of formal and informal groups in providing help to older people. Marriage and Family Review, 25(1/2), 171–193.
Litwin, H. (1995). The social networks of elderly immigrants: An analytic typology. Journal of Aging Studies, 9(2), 155–174.
Lubben, J., & Gironda, M. (1996). Assessing social support networks among older people in the United States. In Litwin, H. (Ed.), The social networks of older people: A cross-national analysis (pp. 143–161). Westport, CN: Praeger.
Matthews, S.H., & Rosner, T.T. (1988). Shared filial responsibility: The family as the primary caregiver. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 185–195.
National Advisory Council on Aging. (1999). 1999 and beyond: Challenges of an aging Canadian society. Ottawa, ON: Author.
Nocon, A., & Pearson, M. (2000). The roles of friends and neighbours in providing support for older people. Ageing and Society, 20, 341–367.
Nolan, M., Grant, G., & Keady, J. (1996). Towards a more holistic conceptualization of caring. In Understanding family care: A multidimensional model of caring and coping (pp. 28–51). Buckinghamshire, UK: Open University Press.
Peace, S., & Holland, C. (2001). Homely residential care: A contradiction in terms?
Journal of Social Policy, 30(3), 393–410.
Peek, M.K., & Lin, N. (1999). Age differences in the effects of network composition on psychological distress. Social Science and Medicine, 49, 621–636.
Penrod, J.D., Kane, R.A., Kane, R.L., & Finch, M.D. (1995). Who cares? The size, scope, and composition of the caregiver support system. Gerontologist, 35(4), 489–497.
Phillipson, C. (1997). Family care in Great Britain: Sociological perspectives. Ageing International, (Summer), 63–79.
Phillipson, C. (2001, July). Theorising family relations and family support in old age: The role of social capital and social networks. Presentation to the International Association of Gerontology, Vancouver, BC.
Piercy, K.W. (1998). Theorizing about family caregiving: The role of responsibility. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 60(1), 109–118.
Pruchno, R.A., Burant, C.J., & Peters, N.D. (1997). Typologies of caregiving families: Family congruence and individual well-being. Gerontologist, 37(2), 157–167.
Siebert, D.C., Mutran, E.J., & Reitzes, D.C. (1999). Friendship and social support: The importance of role identity to aging adults. Social Work, 44(6), 522–533.
Stephens, S.A., & Christianson, J.B. (1986). Informal care of the elderly. Lexington, MA: Lexington.
Stone, L., & Rosenthal, C. (1996). Profiles of the social networks of Canada's elderly: An analysis of 1990 General Social Survey data. In Litwin, H. (Ed.), The social networks of older people: A cross-national analysis (pp. 77–97). Westport, CN: Praeger.
Tennstedt, S.L., Crawford, S.L., & McKinlay, J.B. (1993). Is family care on the decline? A longitudinal investigation of the substitution of formal long-term care services for informal care. Milbank Quarterly, 72(4), 601–624.
Tennstedt, S.L., McKinlay, J.B., & Sullivan, L.M. (1989). Informal care for frail elders: The role of secondary caregivers. Gerontologist, 29(5), 677–683.
Tijhuis, M.A.R., Flap, H.D., Foets, M., & Groenewegen, P.P. (1998). Selection in the social network: Effects of chronic diseases. European Journal of Public Health, 8(4), 286–293.
van Tilburg, T. (1998). Losing and gaining in old age: Changes in personal network size and social support in a four-year longitudinal study. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 53B(6), S313–S323.
Velkoff, V.A., & Lawson, V.A. (1998). Caregiving. Gender and Aging, (December), 1–7.
Walker, A. (1991). The relationship between the family and the state in the care of older people. Canadian Journal on Aging, 20(2), 94–112.
Walker, A.J., Pratt, C.C., & Eddy, L. (1995). Informal caregiving to aging family members: A critical review. Family Relations, 44, 402–411.
Wenger, G.C. (1991). A network typology: From theory to practice. Journal of Aging Studies, 5(2), 147–162.
Wenger, G.C. (1994). Understanding support networks and community care: Network assessment for elderly people. Aldershot, HPH: Avebury.
Wenger, G.C. (1996). Social networks and gerontology. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 6, 285–293.