Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Fidélité de la traduction française de trois instruments d'évaluation des aidants naturels de malades déments

  • Réjean Hébert (a1), Gina Bravo (a1) and Diane Girouard (a1)

Abstract

Caregivers of demented patients are under significant stress along with physical, psychological or social problems. Standardized and validated instruments are required for measuring consequences of caregiving or efficacy of support interventions. Reliability of French translation of these instruments has to be verified in order to confirm their psychometric properties. The goal of the present study is to assess reliability of the French translation of three instruments designed for evaluation of caregivers of demented patients. The Zarit's Burden Interview (BI) is a 22-items scale measuring the subjective burden of the caregiver. The Revised Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist (RMBPC), a 53 item scale, measures frequency of memory and behaviour problems of demented patients and the caregiver's reaction to these problems, which is another mean of burden assessment. The Alzheimer's Disease Knowledge Test (ADKT) assesses knowledge of caregivers about demented diseases and resources available using 20 multiple choice questions. A reliability study was conducted on a sample of 40 caregivers. The caregivers were questioned twice, the second time after one (N = 26) or eight (N = 14) weeks. The BI internal consistency (Cronbach alpha) yielded a coefficient of 0.85 and test-retest reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient) was 0.89. The RMBPC's Cronbach Alpha was 0.93 for frequency and 0.94 for reaction. Intra-class correlation coefficients were 0.77 (frequency) and 0.90 (reaction) for RMBPC and 0.71 for ADKT.

Les aidants naturels de malades déments subissent un stress considérable et présentent des problèmes tant physiques que psychologiques ou sociaux. Des instruments d'évaluation validés et standardisés sont nécessaires pour analyser les effets de la prise en charge de tels malades ou pour mesurer l'efficacité de programme de soutien aux aidants. La présente étude a pour objectif de vérifier la fidélité de la traduction française de trois instruments d'évaluation des aidants naturels de malades déments. Le Burden Interview (BI) de Zarit mesure en 22 items le fardeau subjectif de l'aidant. Le Revised Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist (RMBPC) de Teri mesure la fréquence des problèmes de comportement et de mémoire présentés par le malade (53 items) de même que la réaction de l'aidant à ces problèmes, ce qui constitue une autre mesure du fardeau. Le Alzheimer's Disease Knowledge Test (ADKT) évalue les connaissances de l'aidant sur la maladie et les ressources de soutien disponibles au moyen de 20 questions à choix multiples. L'étude de fidélité a été réalisée auprès de 40 aidants naturels qui ont complété les instruments à deux reprises à une (N = 26) et huit (N = 14) semaines d'intervalle. Le BI montre un coefficient de cohérence interne (de Cronbach) de 0,85 et de fidélité test-retest (coefficient intra-classe) de 0,89. Le RMBPC présente des α de 0,93 (fréquence) et 0,94 (réaction)et des coefficients intra-classe de 0,77 (fréquence) et 0,90 (réaction). Pour le ADKT, le coefficient de corrélation intra-classe s'élève à 0,71.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Baumgarten, M. (1989). The health of persons giving care to the demented elderly: a critical review of the literature. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 42(12), 11371148.
Bravo, G., & Potvin, L. (1991). Estimating the reliability of continuous measures with Cronbach's Alpha or the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient: toward the integration of two traditions. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 44(4/5), 381390.
Chenoweth, B., & B., Spencer (1986). Dementia: the experience of frailty caregivers. The Gerontologist, 26, 267272.
Derogatis, L.R., Lipman, R.S., Covi, L., Richels, K, & Uhlenhuth, E.R. (1970). Dimensions of outpatient neurotic pathology: comparison of a clinical versus an empirical assessment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 34, 164171.
Dieckmann, L., Zarit, S.H., Zarit, J.M., & Gatz, M. (1988). The Alzheimer's Disease Knowledge Test. The Gerontologist, 28(3), 402–07.
Donner, A., & Eliaszim, M. (1987). Sample size requirements for reliability studies. Statistics in Medicine, 6, 441448.
Fitting, M., Rabins, P., Lucas, M.J., & Eastham, J. (1986). Caregivers for dementing patients: a comparison of husbands and wives. The Gerontologist, 26, 248252.
Fleiss, J.L. (1985). The Design and Analysis of Clinical Experiments. New-York: Wiley.
Gallagher, D., Rappaport, M., Benedict, A., Lovett, S., Silven, D., & Kraemer, H. (1985, November). Reliability of selected interview and self-report measures with family caregivers. Paper presented at the 38th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, New Orleans.
George, L.K., & Gwyther, L.P. (1986). Caregiver well-being: a multidimensional examination of family caregivers of demented adults. The Gerontologist, 26, 253259.
Haley, W., Brown, L., & Levine, E.G. (1987). Experimental evaluation of the effectiveness of group interventions for dementia caregivers. The Gerontologist, 27, 376382.
Jorm, A.F., Korten, A.E., & Henderson, A.S. (1987). The prevalence of dementia: a quantitative integration of the literature. Ada Psychiatrica Scandinavia, 76, 465479.
Nunnally, J.C. (1978). Psychometric Theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Pratt, C., Schmall, V., & Wright, S. (1986). Family caregivers and dementia. Social Casework: the Journal of Contemporary Social Work, février, 119124.
Scharland, A.E. (1987). Relieving feelings of strain among women and elderly mothers. Psychology and Aging, 2, 913.
Schulz, R., Visintainer, P., & Williamson, G.M. (1990). Psychiatric and physical morbidity effects of caregiving. Journal of Gerontology, 45(5), P181–P191.
Stephens, M.A.P., & Kenney, J.M. (1989). Caregiving stress instruments: assessment of content and measurement quality. Gerontology Review, 2(1), 4054.
Teri, L., Truax, P., Logsdon, R., Uomoto, J., & Zarit, S. (1992). Assessment of behavioral problems in dementia: the Revised Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist. Psychology and Aging, 7, 622631.
Thompson, E.H., & W., Doll (1982). The burden of families coping with the mentally ill: an invisible crisis. Family Relations, 31, 379388.
Toseland, R.W., & Rossiter, C.M. (1989). Group interventions to support family ca-regivers: a review and analysis. The Gerontologist, 29(A), 438448.
Vallerand, R.J. (1989). Vers une méthodologie de validation transculturelle de questionnaires psychologiques: implications pour la recherche en langue française. Psychologie canadienne, 30(4), 662680.
Vitaliano, P.P., Young, H.M., & Russo, J. (1991). Burden: a review of measures used among caregivers of individuals with dementia. The Gerontologist, 31(1), 6775.
Whitlatch, C.J., Zarit, S.H., & Mack, W. (1986, November). Functional correlates of mental status tests. Paper presented at the 39th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America.
Zarit, J.M., & Zarit, S.H. (1982). Measuring burden and support in families with Alzheimer's disease elders. Paper presented at the 30th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, Boston.
Zarit, S., Anthony, C., & Boutselis, M. (1987). Interventions with caregivers of dementia patients: A comparison of two approaches. Psychology and Aging, 2, 225234.
Zarit, S.H., Orr, N.K., & Zarit, J.M. (1985). The hidden victims of Alzheimer's disease: families under stress. New York: New York University Press.
Zarit, S.H., Reever, K.E., & Bach-Peterson, J. (1980). Relatives of impaired elderly: correlates of feelings of burden. The Gerontologist, 20, 649655.
Zarit, S.H., & Zarit, J.M. (1982). Families under stress: interventions for caregivers of senile dementia patients. Psychotherapy: theory, research and practice, 19(4), 461471.
Zarit, S.H., & Zarit, J.M. (1987). The Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist and the Burden Interview. Document technique, University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed