Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Impact of Cohousing on Older Adults’ Quality of Life

  • Vivian Puplampu (a1), Elise Matthews (a1), Gideon Puplampu (a2), Murray Gross (a3), Sushila Pathak (a4) and Sarah Peters (a5)...

Abstract

The global population including Canada’s is aging, which demands planning for housing that will support older adults’ quality of life. This mixed-method study is the first Canadian study to examine the impact of cohousing on older adults’ quality of life and involved 23 participants. The older adults rated their quality of life very high, especially in the environmental, physical, and psychological domains of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL_BREF) survey; quality of life in the social domain was rated low, which was surprising in light of the focus group data findings. Four themes of “belonging in a community”, “life in the community”, “changes associated with aging,” and “aging in place” emerged from the qualitative data to explain factors that influence older adults’ quality of life. This research provides foundational, strong evidence that seniors’ cohousing is an innovative housing solution that can support older adults’ quality of life.

La population mondiale vieillit, et c’est aussi le cas au Canada. Ce phénomène exige une planification en matière de logement afin de soutenir la qualité de vie des personnes âgées. La présente étude est la première à examiner l’impact de l’habitation communautaire sur la qualité de vie des personnes âgées au Canada. Vingt-trois participants ont été impliqués dans cette étude à méthodologie mixte. Les personnes âgées ont évalué très positivement leur qualité de vie, particulièrement dans les domaines environnemental, physique et psychologique du Questionnaire sur la qualité de vie (WHOQOL_BREF) de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé. La qualité de vie dans le domaine social a étonnamment été jugée faible, considérant les résultats obtenus lors des groupes de discussion. Quatre thèmes, à savoir « l’appartenance à une communauté », « la vie en communauté », « les changements liés au vieillissement » et « le vieillissement sur place » ont émergé des données qualitatives en vue d’expliquer les facteurs influençant la qualité de vie des personnes âgées. Cette recherche fournit de solides preuves en faveur de l’habitation communautaire, une solution innovatrice en matière de logement qui permet de préserver la qualité de vie des personnes âgées.

Copyright

Corresponding author

La correspondance et les demandes de tirés-à-part doivent être adressées à : / Correspondence and requests for offprints should be sent to: Vivian Puplampu, R.N., PhD. Faculty of Nursing University of Regina 111-116 Research Drive Saskatoon, SK S7N 3R3 (Vivian.Puplampu@uregina.ca)

Footnotes

Hide All
*

The research team thanks the Dean of Faculty of Nursing and Vice President of Research offices of University of Regina for funding the study. We would like to express our sincere appreciation to residents of the seniors’ cohousing for their permission and participation in the study. Finally, we are very grateful to Denise Smart of Washington State University, College of Nursing, for her assistance with the statistical data analysis.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Agar, M. H. (1996). The professional stranger . San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Belanger, E., Ahmed, T., Vafaei, A., Curcio, C. L., Phillips, S. P., & Zunzunegui, M. V. (2016). Sources of social support associated with health and quality of life: A cross-sectional study among Canadian and Latin American older adults. British Medical Journal Open, 6, e011503. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011503
Bielderman, A., de Greef, M. H. G., Krijnen, W. P., & van der Schans, C. P. (2015). Relationship between socioeconomic status and quality of life in older adults: A path analysis. Quality of Life Research, 24(7), 16971705. doi: 10.1007/s11136-014-0898-y
Bigonnesse, C. (2017). The role of the socio-physical environment on aging in place for older adults in cohousing and naturally occurring retirement communities (Doctoral dissertation, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby). Retrieved from http://summit.sfu.ca/item/17669
Bigonnesse, C., & Chaudhury, H. (2016). The influence of physical and social environments on aging in place in NORC and cohousing in Canada. The Gerontologist, 56(Suppl. 3), 7. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnw162.027
Canadian Cohousing Network. (2017). Building community with cohousing. Retrieved from http://cohousing.ca//
Canadian Cohousing Network. (2019). Cohousing communities. Retrieved from https://www.cohousing.ca/communities/#all
Creswell, J. L., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research . New Delhi, IND: Sage.
Critchlow, M. (2015). Senior cohousing in Canada: How baby boomers can build social portfolios for aging well. Communities, (166), 2833. Retrieved from https://canadianseniorcohousing.com/?page_id=1473
Cruz, E. V., & Higginbottom, G. (2013). The use of focused ethnography in nursing research. Nurse Researcher, 20(4), 3643. doi: 10.7748/nr2013.03.20.4.36.e305
Devriendt, P., Peersman, W., Florus, A., Verbeke, M., & Van de verde, D. (2016). Improving health related quality of life and independence in community dwelling frail older adults through a client-centered and activity-oriented program. A pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 20(1), 3540. doi: 10.1007/s12603016-0673-6
Durrett, C. (2009). The senior cohousing handbook: A community approach to independent living. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society.
Ewen, H. H., Hahn, S. J., Erickson, M. A., & Krout, J. A. (2014). Aging in place or relocation? Plans of community-dwelling older adults. Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 28(3), 288309. https://doi.org/10.1080/02763893.2014.930366
Ewen, H. H., Lewis, D. C., Carswell, A. T., Emerson, K. G., Washington, T. R., & Smith, M. L. (2017). A model for aging in place in apartment communities. Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 31(1), 113. doi: 10.1080/02763893.2016.1268555
Glass, A. P. (2016). Resident-managed elder intentional neighborhoods: Do they promote social resources for older adults? Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 59(7–8), 554571. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27749212
Glass, A. P., & Vander Plaats, R. S. (2013). A conceptual model for aging better together intentionally. Journal of Aging Studies, 27(4), 428442. doi: 10.1016/j.jaging.2013.10.001
Higginbottom, G. M. A., Pillay, J. J., & Boadu, N. Y. (2013). Guidance on performing focused ethnographies with an emphasis on healthcare research. Qualitative report, 18(17), 116. Retrieved from http://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol18/iss9/1
Jeffery, B., Muhajarine, N., Hackett, P., Abonyi, S., Martz, D., Oosman, S., … McIntosh, T. (2017). Healthy aging in place: Improving rural seniors’ health through policy and community level interventions. Saskatchewan: Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit (SPHERU).
Kadowski, L., Wister, A. V., & Chappell, N. L. (2015). Influence of home care on life satisfaction, loneliness and perceived life stress. Canadian Journal on Aging, 34(1), 7589. doi: 10.1017/S0714980814000488
Kalfoss, M. (2016). Use of instruments to measure quality of life among healthy and ill adults in community settings. British Journal of Community Nursing, 21(5), 232239. doi: 10.12968/bjcn.2016.21.5.232
Kang, M., Lyon, M., & Kramp, J. (2012). Older adults’ motivations and expectations toward senior cohousing in a rural community. Housing and Society, 39(2), 187202. doi: 10.1080/08882746.2012.11430606
Kramp, J. (2012). Senior cohousing: An optimal alternative for aging in place. (Thesis). submitted to Faculty of Graduate College of the Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK. Retrieved from https://shareok.org/handle/11244/8597
Kumar, S. G., Majumdar, A., & Pavithra, G. (2014). Quality of life (QOL) and its associated factors using WHOQOL-BREF among elderly in urban Puducherry, India. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 8(1), 5457. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2014.6996.3917
Mattern, A. (2016, Spring). Building a community. Co-housing comes to Saskatoon. Saskatoon HOME, 4145. Retrieved from https://issuu.com/saskatoonhomemagazine/docs/skhomespring2016/41
National Seniors Council. (2014). Report on the social isolation of seniors. Ottawa, ON: Government of Canada. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/national-seniors-council/programs/publications-reports/2014/social-isolation-seniors.html
Nasstrom, L., Luttik, M. L., Idvall, E., & Stromberg, A. (2016). Exploring partners’ perspectives on participation in heart failure home care: A mixed-method design. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(5), 12081219. doi: 10.1111/jan.13216
Onunkwor, O. F., Al-Dubai, S. A. R., George, P. P., Arokiasamy, J., Yadav, H., Barua, A., & Shuaibu, H. O. (2016). A cross-sectional study on quality of life among the elderly homes in Kuala Lumpur. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 14(1), 6. doi: 10.1186/s12955.016.0408-8
Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2018). Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.
Ruiu, M. L. (2016). The social capital of cohousing communities. Sociology, 50(2), 400415. doi: 10.1177/0038038515573473
Statistics Canada. (2017). Age and sex, and type of dwelling data: Key results from the 2016 census. The Daily. Ottawa, ON: Author. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/170503/dq170503a-eng.htm
Stones, M., Kozma, A., McNeil, K., & Worobetz, S. (2011). Subjective well-being in later life: 20 years after the Butterworths Monograph series on individual and population aging. Canadian Journal on Aging, 30(3), 467477. doi: 10.1017/S0714980811000365
Teston, E. F., & Marcon, S. S. (2014). Quality of life and living conditions from the viewpoint of residents in a seniors condominium. Revista Gaúcha Enfermagem, 35(1), 124130. doi: 10.1590/1983-1447.2014.01.37032
Turan, E., Yanardag, M., & Aras, O. (2012). Functional independence, quality of life, and level of mobility of elderly people living at home and nursing home. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 28(3), 201207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TGR.0b013e31825eb924
United Nations. (2018). Ageing. New York, NY: Author. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/ageing/
Vaismoradi, M., Turunen, H., & Bondas, T. (2013). Content analysis and thematic analysis: Implication for conducting a qualitative descriptive study. Nursing and Health Sciences, 15(3), 398405. doi: 10.1111/nhs.12048
Weeks, L. E., Keefe, J., & Macdonald, D. J. (2012). Factors predicting relocation among older adults. Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 26(4), 355371. doi: 10.1080/02763893.2011.653099
Wiles, J. L., Leibing, A., Guberman, N., Reeve, J., & Allen, R. (2012). The meaning of “Aging in Place” to older people. The Gerontologist, 52(3), 357366. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnr098
World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Group (WHOQOL). (1995). The world health organization quality of life assessment (WHOQOL): Position paper from the World Health Organization. Social Science Medicine, 41(10), 14031409. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/027795369500112K
World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Group (WHOQOL). (1996). WHOQOL-BREF. Introduction, administration, scoring and generic version of the assessment. Field trial version. Program on mental health. Retrieved from https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/63529/WHOQOL-BREF.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
Xiao, H., Yoon, J. Y., & Bowers, B. (2016). Living arrangements and quality of life: Mediation by physical function and depression. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 38(6), 738752. doi: 10.1177/0193945915621260
Young, Y., Kalamaras, J., Kelly, L., Hornick, D., & Yucel, R. (2015). Is aging in place delaying nursing home admission? Journal of the America Medical Directors Association, 16(10), 900.e1900.e6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2015.07.017

Keywords

The Impact of Cohousing on Older Adults’ Quality of Life

  • Vivian Puplampu (a1), Elise Matthews (a1), Gideon Puplampu (a2), Murray Gross (a3), Sushila Pathak (a4) and Sarah Peters (a5)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.